Glass Manufacturers’ Marks on Coke Bottles


  For a little more info on some of these companies that are known to have made Coca-Cola bottles (including date ranges), please check the main “Glass Bottle Marks” webpages.  


*NOTE* (this paragraph added to webpage on January 4, 2014) :   There are many types of authentic older amber (“beer bottle brown”) glass Coke bottles in existence (from a variety of cities across the US), but they are usually the “STRAIGHT SIDES” types made between 1900 and 1920.  If you run across an “Amber” HOBBLESKIRT STYLE (“curvy female” profile) Coke bottle….. any of the main 4 types including those with the Nov.16, 1915 date, the Dec 25, 1923 date, the “D-105529 PATENT, or “U.S. PATENT OFFICE / 6 or 6 1/2 oz., it is a recently color-altered bottle, having been subject to IRRADIATION to change the color from the original light green-aqua to a weird “burnt dark mustard/brown” or “olivy brown” color. The irradiated color is NOT natural……no Coke bottles of this style were made in such a color originally. Some newer collectors may be confused by these types of bottles appearing on online auctions, at flea markets and antique malls in these odd colors. Contrary to what some sellers may say, the irradiation does  not really INCREASE the value of old Coke bottles. It is a form of alteration, and considered to be DAMAGE by many experienced bottle collectors. Just a warning….hopefully this might help to educate a few people who would otherwise not be aware of what is going on.  A few Coke bottles might be found in a medium to dark purple, this is also from “nuking” the glass. This is also happening with alot of other types of glass……bottles, insulators, pattern glass, etc. Please see my page on Artificially purpled glass here.


In general, the glass manufacturers’ marks are usually seen on the base, but sometimes on the side or lower heel of the bottle. In many instances (especially in the case of Owens-Illinois bottles), the glass manufacturers’ logo is in combination with a date code.

There are many collectors of antique and vintage Coke bottles who try to find examples with various city/town/state embossings marked on the bottom, for instance “LOUISVILLE  KY”  or “DECATUR ILLS”  or “TUCSON ARIZ”.   Bottles from larger cities are usually easiest to find, and, in general, the smaller the city, the scarcer the bottles.

A common misconception is that the city name indicates where the bottle was actually made. In general, the city name, in most cases, has nothing to do with the location where the bottle itself was manufactured.  The town/city name usually indicates where the bottles were supposed to be originally circulated, and the location where a local soda bottling or distribution center was situated.    Some of the larger glass manufacturers made Coke bottles (and other soda bottles such as Pepsi, etc) for hundreds of different cities around the United States.



The list below is certainly not complete, and I hope to eventually add more information as time allows.   This includes makers of Coke bottles covering a very wide time period, including the earlier “straight-sides” and the later “hobbleskirt” classic shaped bottle.  (Note: In general, local/regional Coke bottling companies – who were not actual bottlemaking companies – are not included in the list).

  • A.B.CO. ……………………………..American Bottle Company, Chicago, Illinois
  • A.G.W………………………………..American Glass Works, Richmond, Virginia (1908-1925)
  • Anchor logo entwined with a capital “H”………….Anchor Hocking Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio
  • C inside a circle………………….Chattanooga Glass Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Chattanooga was a HEAVY producer of Coca-Cola bottles.
  • C inside a diamond………….Chattanooga Glass Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • Diamond & O (oval) entwined/superimposed, with an I in center, looks something like an eye or the planet Saturn……………………Owens-Illinois Glass Company, head office Toledo, OH.  (See a number of pics showing this frequently encountered mark at that page).  This firm probably made more Coke bottles than any other glass manufacturer, at least during the 1940s and 1950s. Chattanooga would possibly be second place in total production.
  • D.O.C……………………………………..D. O. Cunningham,  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • DURAGLAS…………………………………..trademark/brand name applied to their typical container glass formula, introduced in 1940:  Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
  • EG (along heel, with numbers)…………Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.
  • F within a hexagon………………………Fairmount Glass Company, Fairmount, Indiana  & Indianapolis, Indiana.  
  • FV (connected, as shown)……………..Fábrica de Envases de Vidrio S.A. de C.V, Mexicali, Mexico. This is seen on some of the “Mexican Coke” bottles imported into the United States. Although this company began in 1987, I’m not sure if the mark has been in actual use that entire time. I have a Coke bottle with the mark which is date coded for the year 2006.
  • G23 (or similar letter/number, lightly embossed along the lower heel)……….. Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.  (Not to be confused with the “G-number” [bottle style/design codes] seen on the base of many Owens-Illinois soda bottles).
  • GRAHAM…………………………………..Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.
  • H entwined with (superimposed over) an “Anchor” emblem…………. Anchor-Hocking Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio
  • I inside an O (circle or oval)………………….mark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, after the mid- to late 1950s.

    IPG in triangle - on Clorox bottle

    IPG inside triangle-on heel of amber Clorox bottle

  • IPG inside triangle…………….Illinois Pacific Glass Corporation, San Francisco, CA; Los Angeles & other plant locations (c. 1925-c.1932).   This mark was reported on the heel of a hobbleskirt style Coca-Cola bottle, although this picture shows it on a Clorox bottle.
  • I.S.G.CO…………………Inter-State Glass Company, Kansas City, Missouri.
  • Lbg …………………………………………………Lynchburg Glass Works, Lynchburg, Virginia
  • L – G  or  L  G ………………………………………………..Liberty Glass Company, Sapulpa, Oklahoma
  • L G W (letters may be widely separated around perimeter of base) ………………………………………….. Laurens Glass Works, Laurens, South Carolina.
  • O.V.B.W. …………Ohio Valley Bottling Works, Cincinnati, Ohio. Initials as reported to me on the bottom of a circa 1910s-1920s amber straight-side Coke bottle. This was apparently a short-lived local bottling operation, not a glassmaker.
  • R within a triangle………………………..Reed Glass Company, Rochester, New York.
  • REED…………….Reed Glass Company, Rochester, NY. (Reported by Taylor McBurney, embossed along lower heel)
  • ROOT…………………………………………. Root Glass Company, Terre Haute, Indiana.  Root was the first company to produce the classic “hobbleskirt design” glass Coca-Cola bottle.
  • S within a star………………………………………Southern Glass Company, Los Angeles, California.
  • V, actually a highly stylized ‘V’ logo,  which, as it appears on the surface of the glass,  typically looks like a group of 3 small triangularly-shaped raised “spots” or “bumps“………………….Vitro Packaging LLC, Monterrey, Mexico.  This mark is seen on huge numbers of containers imported into the United States, including soda bottles as well as many other types of food and beverage containers.

Click here to go to the main Glass Bottle Marks page.

Please click here to go to my Home Page.

Here is a website with lots of info on collecting Coke bottles:


Vitro mark on 2008 Commemorative Coke Bottle

Vitro mark (on commemorative Coke bottle, made in 2008)

44 Responses to Glass Manufacturers’ Marks on Coke Bottles

  1. Marina Runyon says:

    hi, i found an old coke bottle that has 1635 root 13 on the heel. above the coca cola is a large K and on the bottom of the bottle is K.B.Co. the base is thick and uneven and bottle has a green hue. im just trying to date this bottle can you help?

    • David says:

      Marina, I can only say your soda bottle was made by Root Glass Company of Terre Haute, Indiana, and the “13” might be either a mold number or a year date code for 1913. I assume the “K.B.Co.” is probably standing for K______ Bottling Company, but I don’t know what the name would be.
      Sorry I don’t have any other info on it. Perhaps a reader will recognize the bottle and have more information for you.

  2. Hello my name is Leah Michelle and I recently discover an old greenish colored glass coke bottle which says Parkersburg, W. Va on the bottom. I know this doesn’t mean it was created in Parkersburg but I would like to find out where it was made and possibly the age of the bottle if possible. I’ll repost later once I take a closer look at it to try and find any other identitying marks!!! Anyone with any thoughts please respond!!!! Thanks!!

  3. Frank Castanon says:

    Would a 6 1/2oz, coca~cola, shaped hobbleskirt, green tint bottle, be a collector’s item if it has no coca~cola name on it ?

  4. Pingback: Coke Bottles… what do I have? | benthic adventures

  5. Hello David, you have a very informative website. I am a wwii reenactor and would love to use some authentic coke bottles for my display. What is the best way to clean out those years of grime and dirt from the inside. Also where can I get new made old style caps that I can recap them with. Also with pat D bottles is it usually a good guess that the 2 numbets to the right of makers stamp would be manufacture dates..I have a 90 C 41…(1941?) And a 6 owens symbol 51…(1951?). Thank you for your time and any info you can give me. ED

    • David says:

      Hi Edward,
      In my opinion there are several ways to go about cleaning old bottles. The methods can be used in unison (complementing each other). I use some small bottle brushes, and there are some listed on ebay, although most of them are too small (suitable for smaller bottles) and don’t do a good job with those the size of Coke bottles.
      First of all, after rinsing out the dirt from the inside, I recommend using a mixture of water and oxalic acid in a plastic 5-gallon bucket. A milder form of oxalic acid is in the product “Bar Keepers Friend” (usually found next to Ajax cleanser in grocery and dept stores). Other somewhat stronger products that include oxalic acid as an ingredient would be sold under the names “deck cleaner” or “wood bleach”, in home improvement stores, although some of the products sold under those names use other active ingredients, so you would have to look at the label very carefully to be sure it contains oxalic acid.
      In any case, mix a couple cans of Bar keepers Friend with lukewarm or room temp water in a 5-gallon bucket. Or pour an entire container of Deck Cleaner and mix carefully with water in the bucket. Soak the bottles for at least 24 hours in the bucket, completely immersed, using plastic or rubber gloves when handling.
      After removing, fill the bottle partially with small size aquarium gravel and water and shake gently. This should help remove some of the encrusted stains and soil from inside the bottle. You can also clean the outside of the bottle with all-purpose cleaner and water, rubbing well with a damp cloth or very fine (0000) steel wool (steel wool does not scratch glass).
      Keep in mind that some older bottles, especially if they have been buried in the ground for a long stretch of time, will not come totally clean and will have a residual dull staining which is called “sick glass”, an actual deterioration of the glass surface. White or grayish “Sick glass” stains can only be removed or lessened by bottle “tumbling”, a relatively expensive process that I don’t recommend except for very valuable or high-end bottles.
      I don’t know about repro caps for soda bottles, but I would imagine there are still supplies of “NOS” caps that could be found for sale on ebay or other online sites.
      About the date codes on your bottles…….yes, that sounds like they would be 1941 and 1951. Not all glass companies always followed that configuration but in many cases they did.
      You might check out this .pdf article that includes some info on date codes on Coke and Pepsi bottles:
      Check out “Figure 17” under the section “Coca cola bottles”.

      Hope this will help!

  6. Liz Presley says:

    Hi David!
    I have a very old bottle that I have never been able to find any information on. It has a very bubbled greenish glass, straight sides, and the Coca-Cola emblem down at the bottom. The only identifying marks are the city which is Atlanta GA, the number 1373 on the bottom and it says this bottle not sold. No other marks. Has anyone come across anything like this before? If so I would love more information!

  7. MCFG2017 says:

    I have a Coca-Cola bottle hobble skirt style. So according to the information from this website, the embossed code on the bottle reads 3 (C) 44, meaning it was made at the Chattanooga Glass Company in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1944. Correct? The first number was a little confusing to me but I think I understand.

    • David says:

      MCFG2017, yes, you are correct. On that bottle the “3” is a mold number. On many bottles, please keep in mind there can be variations in the way embossed code numbers are arranged, depending on the glass company, the time period, style of bottle, etc. It is a very confusing subject, to be sure!

  8. ian says:

    this site is great

  9. rebecca stewart says:

    Hello. I did t see this mentioned but my husband found a Coca Cola bottle with 3•C on the side right under Vic’s cola. It’s quite large. He found it downtown Charleston SC in the harbor area. It is marked as Charleston as well. Any idea?

    • David says:

      Hi Rebecca,
      I’m not familiar with the bottle. If it reads “VIC’S COLA” it is not a Coca cola bottle, but a competitor soda.
      Best regards, David

  10. brent jackson. says:

    I have 3 coke bottles that have Greenville, sc on the bottom. one has small letters. the other two have large letters. one of them has a L in the center. one of the bottles that has the large letters has on the side pat D-105529. It also has 63L51 on the side. the others do not have this number. Do you have any info about these bottles. thank you.

    • David says:

      The only info I can pass along is that the bottle with the “63 L 51” was evidently made by Laurens Glass Company, Laurens, SC in 1951. The bottle that has the L on it was also (presumably) made by Laurens.
      Best regards,

  11. Nickle says:

    Hello out there,
    I found an old heavy coke bottle with Raleigh N.C on the bottom and a slight green tint to it.

  12. Karin says:

    Hello, today my son and I were deep in the woods and he dug up a heavy green Coca Cola December 25, 1923 10H Root 32 with Gloucester Va on the bottom. We were hoping to find some information about it. Any suggestions would be appreciated.

    • David says:

      The only info I can pass along is this: your bottle was made by Root Glass Company of Terre Haute, Indiana. The “32” may be a date code for 1932. The Coke bottle was intended to be used/distributed in the Gloucester, Virginia area.
      Best regards,

  13. Steven Snyder says:

    I have some property that was used as a dump 1895- 1940 in Arkansas have found two bottles one stamped “Texarkana bottling Co” the other simply” ARK with an “S” and patent#D-105529

  14. John Harts says:

    I have a vernor springs water company strait sided bottle is this related to coke in any way and can you tell me what year it may be

  15. Kelly says:

    Hi I found a Coca-Cola bottle in western NY that doesn’t have any of the makers marks in your list. It does have a 7 in a circle, says not to be refilled, has a trademark, says no refill and no deposit, AND has a verticle line with three horizontal lines. It’s like an “E” but not connected. I would love to find out where this was made. Thank you!

    • David says:

      Hi Kelly,
      That is a mark that is hard to “alphabetize” or categorize, but I have it listed in both the “E” and “M” sections of the bottle marks pages. Check here in the “M” listings, where I have a photo of the mark posted:
      This mark stands for Midland Glass Company which was in business (under that particular name) starting in 1968. I’m not positive about the last year the mark was used, but believe it was around 1984. Thanks for letting me know it is on a Coke bottle, as I didn’t have that one on my list of Coke bottle makers.
      Best regards,

  16. NT says:

    Hi, I have a straight-side Coca Cola bottle, middle script location, with two C’s on the bottom of the bottle, as CC. I can’t find info on this Columbus, GA bottle with CC on the bottom.

    • David says:

      The “CC” presumably stands for Coca-Cola, so if there is no glass manufacturer’s logo on the bottle, it may be difficult or impossible to know where and when it was made.
      Best regards,

  17. Dave Roberts says:

    Hi, I have found a few wartime vintage coca cola bottles here in Newfoundland, not far from an American Base set up in 1941. I have some “TRADE MARK” bottles one of which has markings I have not been able to identify. It has on the base E-UGB-44 over the number 24. I assume the 44 is the year as all the other bottles cluster around that date, it is a green glass bottle with just the Coal-Cola and TRADE MARK and no waist mark. Another bottle also marked TRADE MARK, is a colorless bottle with no base marks., and a good 31 (c) 45 on the waist, and another is Dominion made, colorless “The Coca Cola Company of Canada Limited” bottle with a 7043 on the base and no waist marks. Do you have any idea who or where the E-UGB-44 bottle was made. I know that British and Canadian vessels did call at this port during the war?

    Newfoundland was a dependency of the UK during the war. I know of no coke products being sold there before the war.

    Dave Roberts

    • David says:

      Dave, see my entry for UGB (United Glass Bottle Manufacturers, Inc) in the alphabetically-arranged glass bottle marks listings. It is a mark from Great Britain. I don’t know about the date codes used by UGB (assuming they used them) but “44” sounds like it could well be a date code for 1944.

      • Dave Roberts says:

        Thanks! Found another UGB COCA COLA LTD and two groups of very faint numbers 44 and ?? as a base mark. All the characters on the base are faint. There is a blank field where all the details go between the skirt and the shoulder. Clear glass. Would you know when a printed and not embossed bottle would have been made by UGB? THX again!

  18. Mel says:

    The bottom base of my NEHI bottle says Design Pat D MAR 3.25 Any idea on what that means?

    Thanks for your help. Love your site.

    • David says:

      Mel, I assume it means “This bottle design patented March 3, 1925”. However, many NEHI soda bottles were marked with that phrase, even bottles made into the 1950s. I haven’t found the exact patent (patent number) this refers to.

      • Shay Sailor says:

        I recently found a green bottle with nothing but the words.. Return To The Bottler Of Coca Cola no numbers or letters on the bottom or anywhere else. Any info on this bottle would be very helpful. I have had no luck finding this exact one anywhere on line. Most have skinnier necks where this one is fatter.

  19. Mike says:

    I found a glass Coca Cola bottle with stars at the top, and on the bottom it says property of Coca Cola bottling company contents 6 fl oz Scranton PA Anyone know how old it is

  20. Helene Pelletier says:

    I found an “old”? Coke bottle. It’s clear glass, with a slight greenish tint. It has an L on the bottom and the numbers 63-42 on the side of the bottle. The Coca Cola logo is faded, but still visible. Any idea what year this may be from?

    • David says:

      Helene, the positioning of date and mold codes on Coke bottles varied over the years. On your particular bottle, the date code is the left pair of digits, and apparently stands for 1963. Coke required date codes to the left of the dash from circa 1952-1990s. The “42” is a mold number. See this page by researcher Bill Lockhart which has a brief entry on Coke bottle codes. Although the page is concerning the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, other bottle makers would have also complied with their guidelines for mark placement:
      Your bottle was made by Latchford Glass Company of Los Angeles.
      Hope this helps,

  21. Travis says:

    My bottle says CC Co 649 mold line ends under the crown top like it’s an 1800s bottle. I believe this may be a prototype. No one has seen one like it

    • David says:

      Your bottle sounds like a beer bottle with the initials “C G Co”, a product of Coshocton Glass Company of Coshocton, OH. They made tons of beer and soda bottles in the early years of the 20th century. Many of them have the marking on the lower “heel” area of the bottle. See my alphabetical listings of “C” glass marks on this site.
      Best regards, David

  22. David Smith says:

    any pictures of some of the irradiated ones ? I have some australian amber cokes and we are discusing if they are genuine or not not sure how to post pics here but have alook here

    david smith

    • David says:

      Hi David,
      That bottle group on Facebook you supplied the link to is a “closed” group so I could not view the pictures you mentioned. However, here are some thoughts. Sorry I don’t have my website configured so that everyone can post pics here. The site would soon be overloaded with thousands of pictures, and would eventually make the pages somewhat slower to download, especially for those with older computers.
      In any case, I would suggest you search Google Images with the keywords “Irradiated Coke Bottle” (without quotes) or similar phrases, and check out some of the webpages that come up in the search. Of course many of the returns will be irrelevant but you should be able to see some examples of Cokes that have been “nuked”. They typically appear in shades of purple or dark odd ambers. Also, I might suggest you try posting queries on the site, which is a great discussion forum for collectors of all kinds of bottles and jars. There are many knowledgeable people who frequent that site and who might offer their input on the subject of irradiated Coke bottles.
      Best regards, David

  23. Bob Mooney says:

    Only X is found on the bottom of my amber Coca Cola from Washington, NC. Any ideas as to the maker of this nice bottle?

    • David says:

      Hi Bob,
      I assume you have a “straight-sides” amber Coke from sometime in the 1900s or 1910s. Are there ANY markings of any kind along the lower heel area of the bottle? Occasionally there could be a glassmaker mark along the heel that is very faint. If there is not, I can’t be of much help here. However, there may be knowledgeable, “hardcore” Coca-Cola bottle collectors/specialists out there (especially those familiar with early Coke bottles from the southeastern states) who might have input or suggestions on what glass company made your bottle. Perhaps someone will chime in and post an answer to your question! Thanks for writing~

  24. Don says:

    Is there a listing of all the cities that Coke bottles had embossed on the bottom. We collect sea glass and find partial bottle bottoms and it would be helpful to figure out what some of the cities are.

    • David says:

      Hi Don, I believe a few individual Coke bottle collectors have tried to compiled their own lists of known cities, but I don’t know if that information is available anywhere online. I am under the vague impression that the total number of different American towns and cities that had their name embossed on the bottom of Coke bottles (at one time or another over the years) ranges somewhere between 2000 and 4000! I am hoping that any Coke collectors who have more information on this subject will chime in and educate us!
      Thank you, David

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