“Crackle Glass” Insulators
Collectors sometimes run across so-called “Crackled Insulators”. They appear fairly often on online auction sites, at garage and yard sales, thrift stores, antique malls and flea markets.
The story may be told that these are examples of insulators that were hit by lightning while installed on the electric lines. In practically all cases, this story is not true. (If an insulator was actually struck by lightning, the result could range from random cracking, to complete destruction of the insulator, but not an even, crackled effect over the entire surface of the glass. Occasionally, what appears to be “tracks”, like the trail of a tear drop with a slightly roughened surface extending downward along the outside of the insulator is seen, and this “flash burn” effect is attributed to a lightning strike occurring nearby).
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, during the early years when interest in insulator collecting was first gaining steam, some people began “crackling” insulators, usually as a sort of “fad”— a fun “art” or “craft” project. Recipes for the process were actually published in at least one major insulator-collecting book of that era. Some crackled insulators have been altered even in recent years (by unscrupulous online sellers), though probably most of those found were done in the late 1960s and the 1970s.
Nowadays, the process of crackling insulators is seen in a negative light by most “serious” insulator collectors, who consider the resulting insulators to be damaged or destroyed pieces with very little, if any value (other than mere decorative value as an “accessory”, knick-knack, conversation piece or “shelf sitter”).
Insulator collectors, for the most part, tend to be interested in the actual history BEHIND a particular piece, including factory origin and associated markings (glass company or utility name, city, state, patent dates, etc), it’s age, type, color, etc. And the collectible value of any glass insulator is strongly impacted by it’s condition.
The “Crackle Glass” insulator was intended to imitate the appearance of true Crackle Glass which is a type of glass produced by a number of art glass companies, especially during the 1940s-1970s, such as the Rainbow Glass Company, of Huntington, West Virginia, Bischoff Glass Company, Viking Glass, and Blenko Glass. Many kinds of articles were made in crackle glass including vases, bowls, pitchers, compotes, etc. A very wide range of bright, rich colors were produced. Most of the items are handmade by professional craftsmen. The glass item was formed and then quickly chilled (by plunging into cold water) to create a fine interconnecting network of lines/cracks usually on just the surface, or extending throughout most of the glass. The piece was then re-heated (to the point of melting) to seal the glass surface so the piece would be more structurally sound thus less prone to breakage.
However, this re-sealing process was not usually true of the crackle glass insulators. Most of them were not re-heated after crackling, so are much more easily broken. The cracking usually extends completely throughout the entire insulator and often the glass is unstable and prone to falling apart.
Luckily, the great majority of crackled insulators are found to be the most common, plentiful types, such as the Hemingray-17, Hemingray-42 (see Hemingray), Whitall Tatum No. 1, Armstrong DP 1, and others of that genre, and those types were made by the millions for open-wire electrical communication lines. Since so many of them were being removed from telephone and telegraph lines during the 1960s and 1970s, it was not generally considered “bad” or “wrong” to alter such common insulators for the purpose of creating a craft project of this type. Probably most crackled insulators are of clear or aqua glass, but sometimes the surface of the glass was artificially colored or stained in odd colors (strong pink, purple, red, yellow, orange, etc) creating the illusion of a more unusual or valuable piece.
However, it is known that at least a few extremely valuable, scarce to rare insulator types occasionally met the fate of being crackled, no doubt by someone who had no knowledge of insulator types, values, history or relative scarcity. Such a fate could have reduced a thousand-dollar (or even much higher value) insulator to only a very small fraction of the original value it would have had as an undamaged example to collectors.
I hope this webpage will help clear up some of the confusion on these insulators!
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