Glass Bottle Marks – 2


Note: for introductory and explanatory comments and discussion concerning this section of the website, please click on the “A-B” link below which points to “page one” of these five alphabetically-arranged pages.  Thank you!

   [ A – B ]       [ C – D ]     [ E – L ]       [ M – R ]       [ S – Z ]

  • C………………..On containers, sometimes this might be just a mold letter, but may stand for a specific glass company in certain cases. A capital letter “C” is seen on the bottom of quite a few older handmade bottles (that look to be circa 1870s-1890s) and there is no conclusive evidence to indicate who made them. One possibility is Cunningham & Company of Pittsburgh (see C &Co marks on this page).  I have been told that alot of bottles with a “C” on the bottom are found in the St. Louis, MO area, but I don’t know of any real evidence they originate from a glass company in that area.
  • C (highly stylized emblem seen on upscale tableware including tumblers)…………. this particular mark is actually an “R” but might be mistaken as an abstract capital “C” or “G”. Please see the “R” entry (on page four) showing an actual photograph of this mark used by Rosendahl, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • C in a circle……..Chattanooga Glass Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee & other plant locations in later years (1901-1988), mark was used c.1927-1988. The circle reportedly may be either “single line” or “double line” on some earlier bottles.  Chattanooga Glass Company made tremendous quantities of the classic “hobbleskirt” shaped Coca-Cola bottles, and the “C in a circle” is often seen on the side or the base of these bottles, as well as on lots of other soda bottles. Also see “C B G CO”, “CHATT”,  and “C inside a diamond”.
  • C inside a diamond………….Chattanooga Bottle & Glass Manufacturing Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee (mark possibly used c.1901 – c.1913).  See also “C.B.G.Co.” “CHATT”  and “C in a circle”.
  • C in a pentagon…….Unknown. Seen on base of glass figurines.
  • C in a rectangle - (Pic courtesy of Darlu Littledeer)

    C in a rectangle – (Pic courtesy of Darlu Littledeer)

    C in a rectangle…….Crystal Glass Company, Los Angeles, California (c. 1921-1928). Although Julian Toulouse illustrates this mark as (apparently) a “C in a square” in his BOTTLE MAKERS AND THEIR MARKS (1971), the original reference which he alludes to is Arthur G. Peterson’s 400 TRADEMARKS ON GLASS(1968) and the shape in Peterson’s book, page 48, is described as a “rectangle”. The Crystal Glass Company, according to Toulouse (he referring to contemporary glass manufacturer directory listings) made glass tableware, both pressed and blown. I’ve received photos showing this mark, obviously a “C within a rectangle”, clearly embossed on the base of a heavy, clear glass water pitcher which appears to be of early 20th century make, in a design somewhat akin to EAPG patterns such as FLUTE, HUBER, COLONIAL, HEAVY RIB, or some variant of that general type of pattern. I am assuming this pitcher was indeed made by Crystal Glass Company of Los Angeles.

  • C in a star……….Coshocton Glass Company, Coshocton, Ohio (c. 1902-1923). Also, a similar mark may be found on bottles made by the Star City Glass Works, Star City, West Virginia (1949-1966) and Coventry, Rhode Island (1966-19??).

    Consumers Glass mark

    Consumers Glass Company

  • C in a triangle…………….Consumers Glass Company, Ville St. Pierre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (1917-2002). Mark was an inverted triangle (point down) from 1917 to 1961, and a slightly rounded “right-side up” triangle after 1962 (shown in pic), according to information per Toulouse. Consumers Glass (division of Consumers Packaging, Inc) was acquired by Owens-Illinois, Inc. (O-I) in 2002 and is now known as O-I Canada. I am assuming (but do not know this to be true) that all bottles produced after O-I acquired Consumers Glass are marked with the Owens-Illinois  identification (i.e. “I inside an O” or “O-I”) and the “C in a triangle with rounded corners” logo has been discontinued. See also “C.G.C.”.
  • C in a triangle…………Cambridge Glass Company, Cambridge, Ohio (1901-1958). Cambridge Glass produced high-quality, handmade pressed and blown tableware, art glass and novelties, NOT utilitarian container glass. See above entry.
  • C with  NY inside……………………..Central New York Bottle Company, Auburn, New York (c. 1978-1994). In 1994, Central was purchased by  Owens-Illinois, to become their plant #35, which is still in operation as of 2016.  See “NY within a C” entry on page four.
  • Caldwell’s (Dr. W. B. Caldwell’s / Monticello, Illinois)  or Caldwell’s Syrup Pepsin …………………………………………………………Medicine bottles found in many, many variants, with differences in exact wording or arrangement of lettering.  Please see  this page  for more information .
  • California (on electrical insulators) ………………………….California Glass Insulator Company, Long Beach, CA
  • Camden Glass Works…………Camden Glass Works, Camden, New Jersey (1875-1884).
  • Canton……………..Canton Glass Company, Canton, Ohio (1883-1890), Marion, IN (1890-1958) and Hartford City, IN (1958-1991+). Fruit jars embossed “The Canton Jar”, “The Canton Fruit Jar” or a similar embossing are products of this company. Those jars date from the earlier years of the company, i.e., in the 1880s & 1890s. Canton is also known for having produced tableware in a variety of patterns which are sought after by some EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) collectors. Canton joined the National Glass Company combine and operated under that umbrella company from 1899 to 1902. In September 1902, a new firm under the name of “Canton Glass Company” was organized, and a new factory building was erected in Marion right across the street from the old. After 1902, most of Canton’s glass production consisted of non-bottle, non-jar items including tableware and a large variety of other types of specialty glass such as lantern globes, bird baths and seed cups, sidewalk and skylight glass, hospital & laboratory glassware, bar & soda fountain glassware, etc. Canton moved to Hartford City in 1958, and was reportedly still in business there as late as 1991. It is unclear exactly how much and what types of glassware were being produced during this later period.

    Capstan Glass Company mark

    Capstan Glass Company mark

  • Capstan logo (looks somewhat like “pawn” chess piece, shown)…………..see Capstan Glass Company page.
  • Carter’s ………………………………..Carter’s Ink Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Seen embossed on the base of ink bottles. For instance, a commonly seen type of “cone ink” style bottle is marked “CARTER’S / 1897 / MADE / IN. U.S.A.” on the bottom. This type of bottle was produced in large numbers and likely was made for a number of years after 1897, perhaps into the 1910s. The earlier versions are most often found in aqua, later ones are commonly clear glass.  Actual glassmaker is uncertain on the earlier cone inks, but likely several different bottle manufacturers made these ink containers over a period of several decades. Some of the later versions may carry a glassmaker’s mark. For more info on the Carter’s Ink Company, check out’s_Ink_Company .
  • Castoria , Fletchers (or Pitcher’s)…………………please see page on Fletcher’s Castoria.
  • C B……………..Clevenger Bros. Glass Works, Clayton, New Jersey (1930-1999). Clevenger Bros. specialized in producing hand-blown bottles and other glassware made in the tradition of the earlier glass factories. Some examples can be difficult to distinguish from the originals, although there are always subtle differences upon close examination, especially concerning the exact appearance of the base pontil mark. Most of their earlier bottles and flasks were unmarked, as this mark was used beginning in 1966.

    C.B.M. (Charles Borron & Company? Kilner Bros?)

    C   B   M  marking on base of British “Chow Chow” bottle

  • C B B;  C B K;  C B M (as shown)…………… Letters arranged in a triangular formation, as seen on the bases of various handmade, light green, wide-mouth round pickle or “Chow Chow” food jars made in England. Please see this page with more on these marks.
  • C.B.CO………………Charles Boldt [Glass] Company, Cincinnati, Ohio (1900-1919). See C.B.G.CO. entry.
  • C.B. & Co / N …………almost certainly Charles Borron & Company, Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, England (1866-1898?). This mark is seen on the base of dark olive green ale/beer bottles which appear to have been made sometime in the 1870s-1910 period. It is unclear how late this company continued to operate. An old illustration showing this glassworks appears on the website. The operation was evidently quite large assuming the picture was reasonably accurate in it’s depiction of the works. Also, please see my page on the CBM / CBK / CBB pickle bottles (link above).
  • C.B.G.CO…………….Chattanooga Bottle and Glass Manufacturing Company (later Chattanooga Glass Company), Chattanooga, Tennessee (mark used c.1901-c. 1927?).  I had also seen a reference to a bottle (or bottles) marked “C.B. & G. CO.” (note the ‘&’),  but have lost track of where or when I heard of it several years ago.  If anyone knows of a bottle with this latter marking and can confirm it’s use with more info and a photo, I would be grateful for your assistance. Also, see “C in a circle”, Chattanooga’s most well-known mark that was used from around 1927 to 1988 on tremendous numbers of bottles, especially sodas such as Coke.
  • C.C. (seen on the base of a round pickle or “Chow Chow” jar, in a light/medium green-colored glass that looks suspiciously British circa 1880-1900) …………….Uncertain. This mark might be one used by Cunningham and Company, Pittsburgh, PA (c. 1879-1907), although I have strong doubts about it. That firm was also known as “Cunninghams & Company” at various times during it’s operation. The name was evidently changed slightly to become “Cunninghams & Company, Limited” in 1886, and continued to operate as such until approximately 1907. Successor to Cunningham & Ihmsen (See “C & I” mark). See next four entries.
  • C.CO………………Cunningham(s) and Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1879-1907)
  • C & C LIM………Cunningham(s) and Company, Limited, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1886-1907)
  • C & CO……………Cunningham(s) and Company, Pittsburgh, PA (c.1879-1907)
  • C & CO LIM……..Cunningham(s) and Company, Limited, Pittsburgh, PA (1886-1907)

    Continental Can Company mark

    Continental Can Company – on base of “Optic Dot” juice glass

  • CCC (3 C’s nested inside each other, see pic)……….Continental Can Company. Mostly seen on tableware, especially on the bases of drinking glasses (juice glasses, tea glasses, tumblers). Continental Can Company, a producer of several types of packaging, took over the Hazel Atlas Glass Company in 1957.  Continental sold most of the H-A plants in 1964.  It is unclear exactly what years the “CCC” mark was used on glassware, but it is clear that at  least some of the new molds made for glassware during the period of 1957-1964 were engraved with the CCC mark instead of the H-A mark.  The mark is frequently seen on the bottom of glassware in the popular pattern “Optic Dot”, sometimes called “Thumbprint”.

    CCCC mark (photo courtesy of Carlyn Carter)

    CCCC mark (photo courtesy of Carlyn Carter)

  • CCCC (stylized monogram as shown)…….. MVP Group International, based in Charleston, South Carolina, distributor/wholesaler and current owner of this trademark as used on items in their “Colonial Candles” line including votive candleholders, tea lights, potpourri containers, etc. The trademark was issued in 2006 for predecessor firm Candle Company of America.  Photo is of the mark as seen on base of small cobalt blue bowls. The box they were packed in is marked “Made in England”. Exactly who, or what glass company(ies)  actually manufactured this and other items that might be found with the mark is uncertain, but possibly glassmakers in Asia as well as Europe.
  • C C & Co (monogram)……….Carl Conrad & Company, St. Louis, Missouri. Carl Conrad was a distributor of beer bottles made for Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company. Conrad was not an actual glass company. Best guess for the time period during which bottles were made with this base marking would be from about 1876 to 1885. Most were made in a distinctive pale blue-aqua glass. Some of these bottles also carry side embossing including the brand name “Budweiser”, although many are unembossed except for the CC&Co basemark. Some specimens carry a glassmaker mark as well (such as D.O.C.— D. O. Cunningham Glass Co., Pittsburgh) but many of these bottles without a glassmaker ID were probably made by one of several local St. Louis-area glass factories, such as Lindell Glass Company, Mississippi Glass Company, Belleville Glass Company, or Illinois Glass Company. (Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company did not come into existence until 1886, at which time the Belleville Glass Company was purchased by Adolphus Busch).
  • C.C.G.CO…………..Cream City Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1888-1894). May also stand for Colorado City Glass Company, Colorado City, Colorado (1889-1893)
  • C Co MILW………….Chase Valley Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1880)
  • C.D. & P. T. CO. ……………..see next entry.
  • C. D. & P. TEL. CO. (on glass telephone line insulators)………….Central District & Printing Telegraph Company, Pittsburgh, PA. This firm was organized in 1874, and lasted under that exact name until 1913, the name being changed slightly to Central District Telephone Company at that time. In 1918 it became part of the Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania.  All  insulators seen with this marking are CD 121 “toll” (long distance) style, most commonly seen in pale aqua glass, and generally appear to date from sometime within the 1895-1915 period.  Most, if not all, were made by Brookfield Glass Company, Brooklyn, New York.
  • C F G Co (letters entwined in monogram, as seen on fruit jars)…… Consolidated Fruit Jar Company, New Brunswick, New Jersey with main business offices in New York City, NY, 1871-c.1909 or later). Consolidated did not make their own jars, but had other glass companies make them with their logo. Consolidated was primarily a distributor. Factories that made jars for Consolidated include Clyde Glass Works, Whitney Glass Works, Illinois Glass Company and others.
  • C G atop a triangle (pointed “hill”)…………Columbine Glass Company, Denver, Colorado
  • C.G.C…………….Consumers Glass Company, Ville St. Pierre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (1917-2002). This mark is confirmed on the heel of a clear soda bottle with a 1985 date code. However, I don’t know the exact date range when this mark was used. See “C in a triangle”, and next entry.
  • CGC (monogram, letters closely entertwined). This is either Consumers Glass Company, OR Glass Containers Corporation.  Please see “G C” webpage here, where this mark is pictured). If you have information on the proper attribution of this mark, please contact me!
  • C.G.Co…………….This mark was evidently used by four (or more) different glass companies. Most bottles with this mark along the lower heel are believed to be products of the Coshocton Glass Company, Coshocton, OH (1902-1923),  a prolific manufacturer of beer & soda bottles distributed widely but especially throughout the midwest. Other possibilities include Canton Glass Company, Canton, OH (1883-1890) & Marion, Indiana (1890-1958) [See Canton]; and Cohansey Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton, NJ (c.1870-1900). ALSO, please see the two following entries!
  • C.G.Co…………….California Glass Company, California, Pennsylvania (c.1890s). Harvey Teal, a researcher and historian on South Carolina history, (author of a published book on the SC Dispensary flasks) reports that he has documents proving that some of the dispensary flasks dating from the c.1893-1897 period marked “C.G.CO.” were definitely made by California Glass, although Phillip Kenneth Huggins (The South Carolina Dispensary-1997), attributed the marking to the Carolina Glass Company, Columbia, SC (1902-1913). Apparently, both glass companies made the dispensary bottles AND used a C.G.CO. mark for a time on them.
  • C.G.Co.(on “POLAR BEAR” pattern glass bread tray) …………..believed to be Crystal Glass Company, Bridgeport, Ohio (1883-1907). This particular Crystal Glass Company was started in c.1868 at Pittsburgh, and later moved to Bridgeport. The C.G.Co. initials which are known on the bread tray from approximately 1885 (and may be on other items in the “Polar Bear” pattern as well) were attributed to Crystal Glass Co. by Ruth Webb Lee in her groundbreaking reference work “Early American Pressed Glass” (1931 and later editions) from a personal conversation she had with an elderly knowledgable Pittsburgh-area glassblower. Crystal Glass Company made mostly pressed glass tableware items (usually classed under “Early American Pattern Glass”, known to collectors as simply EAPG) and was not a producer of blown commercial containers, so this mark is virtually certain to be UNRELATED to the “C.G.Co.” seen commonly on beer bottles.
  • C.G.M.CO…………..Campbell Glass Mnfg. Company, West Berkeley, California (1885). In some cases (especially bottles found in the eastern U.S.)  the initials might stand for the Cohansey Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton, NJ (c.1870-1900) or Cumberland Glass Manufacturing Company, Bridgeton, NJ (1880-1920).
  • C.G.S.G.Co…………… (may be read as “C.C.S.G.Co”), unknown, seen on c.1880-1910 ink bottle, reported to me by digger Dave Beeler.
  • C.G.W……………..Campbell Glass Works, West Berkeley, California (1884-1885), on certain bottles known to be from California, especially the San Francisco area. This company is given as the source of the “C.G.W.” mark by Toulouse (Bottle Makers and their Marks). Since it operated for less than four months, and Toulouse gives no information on why he believes this mark can only be attributed to Campbell (other than the fact that the initials do fit), I am very skeptical that all bottles with this mark originate from that company, especially bottles and flasks with this mark found in the East. Another possible source (in my opinion, which may be no better than Toulouse’s!) could be any one of several Eastern region glass companies, for instance Clyde Glass Works, Clyde, New York; Cumberland Glass Works/Cumberland Glass Mnfg. Co., Bridgeton, New Jersey; or Camden Glass Works, Camden, New Jersey (1875-1884).
  • C & H……………Coffin & Hay, Hammonton, New Jersey.
  • CH (along the lower heel of soda bottles, preceded and followed by various numbers; embossing may be faint)………Graham Glass Company, at their Checotah, Oklahoma glass plant. See Graham.
  • C H (C with an H inside it)……….Cristalerias Cattorini Hermanos, Buenos Aires, Argentina, South America. (1952-to date). This mark is most frequently seen in the US on the base or heel of imported emerald green (“forest green”) beverage bottles, often marked “WATER” and/or “JUICE”. These containers were often saved and re-used as refrigerator bottles. I believe most, of not all, of those bottles were made in the 1960s or very early 1970s, but some may date later. The trademark is evidently still in use and appears on the Emhart punt marks data base .
  • C-H ……………………. Castle-Hanson Corporation, Rochester, New York (1959-circa 1970s??) . Castle-Hanson took over the former Reed Glass Company plant in Rochester (see “R in a triangle” mark) and operated through the 1960s and later. Castle-Hanson plant at Rochester was eventually purchased by/became part of Leone Industries, based in Bridgeton, New  Jersey (see “L in an unconnected square” mark). Some ware with this “L” mark was made at Rochester as well as Bridgeton. Exact beginning and ending dates of Castle-Hanson and Leone Industries operations are unclear……anyone with solid info, please contact me!
  • Chas. Boldt Co……..Charles Boldt Glass Company/Charles Boldt Glass Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, OH (1900-1919) and Huntington, West Virginia (1900-1929). See “C.B.CO.” and “C.B.G.CO.” marks.
  • Chas. H. Fletcher’s / Castoria……………….. please see Fletcher’s Castoria page.
  • CHATT. …………..Chattanooga Bottle & Glass Manufacturing Company (Chattanooga Glass Company), Chattanooga, Tennessee (1901-1988). Period of use of this particular Chattanooga mark is uncertain. I have personally seen it embossed on the base of an amber machine-made medicinal flask, and just by general appearance, I would estimate that it dated from sometime in the 1920s or 1930s.  More detailed information on this mark would be appreciated.
  • Chess piece (Pawn)………see Capstan Glass Company.
  • C.H.B.CO…………………Chicago Heights Bottle Company, Chicago, Illinois (1912-1913). These initials are confirmed to exist on at least one bottle (courtesy of Bill Lockhart) and are almost certainly that of the Chicago Heights concern. For another mark attributed to this short-lived company, see “SIGNET”.
  • C.H.C & S……….. unidentified.  This mark, accompanied by a mold number, is seen on the base of dark green handmade British ale bottles. They appear to be typical of ales from the 1870s-1900 period. They have been reported to  me by several readers. At the present time (6/2016) I am unaware what the marking stands for.
  • Chesebrough / Manuf’g. Co. Cd. / New – York. This marking (or a similar variation) is seen embossed on many jars that held Vaseline (brand of petroleum jelly). See this page for more information.
  • C. IHMSEN & CO……..Christian Ihmsen & Company, Pittsburgh, PA. (c. 1837-c.1855)
  • C. IHMSEN & SONS, PITTS. PA. …………. Christian Ihmsen & Sons, Pittsburgh, PA (c. 1855- c. 1875). The exact time period for the “proper” business names used by this and the preceding firm is unclear.  Scroll flasks were made by “Christian Ihmsen & Sons” in 1856, as a number of flasks of this type were recovered from the ARABIA steamboat that sank in the Missouri River on September 5, 1856. The packing crate was lettered “Christian Ihmsen & Sons, Pittsburgh, PA”.  Some jars and bottles are marked “C. IHMSEN & SON” [singular].
  • C. I. & SONS………. Christian Ihmsen & Sons, Pittsburgh, PA. (c. 1855- c. 1875)
  • C. & I…………Cunningham and Ihmsen, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c. 1865- c. 1878)
  • C. & I. Co……..Same as above.
  • CL (C partially overlapping an L)…………………..Carr-Lowrey Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland (1889-2003). Maker of a tremendous variety of perfume and other cosmetic containers, many in unusual, rich shades of color. Also see “C.L.G.CO.”
  • C.L.F…………….C.L.Flaccus Glass Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1879-1928). Seen on the base of a clear prescription/medicinal bottle. See next 2 entries, also see “F in a keystone” mark.
  • C.L.F.G.CO………..Same as above. Occurs on the base of South Carolina Dispensary bottles. See next entry.
  • C.L.Flaccus/Pittsburgh………..C.L.Flaccus Glass Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (offices); manufacturing plants were located at Leechburg, Tarentum, and Beaver Falls, PA (1879-1928). Seen on base of wax sealer fruit jar.
  • C.L.G.CO………….Carr-Lowrey Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland (1889-2003). Mark was used primarily before about 1920. Often misread as “C.L.C.CO”.  Carr-Lowrey made many perfume and other cosmetic bottles in beautiful shades of color, including more “unusual” shades such as teal green, teal blue, and turquoise.  See “CL / C partially overlapping an L” entry.
  • Clyde…………….Clyde Glass Works, Clyde, New York (1868-1912)
  • Clyde Glass Works…………Clyde Glass Works, Clyde, New York (1868-1912)
  • C.MFG.C…………..Unknown (Seen on base of fruit jar, c.1870s).
  • C MILW……………See “C Co MILW”.
  • CNY…….. see “NY inside a C” entry on “page four.
  • C-O G Co………….Unknown. Reported on milk bottle, per Jeffrey Giarde (Glass Milk Bottles: Their Makers and Marks).
  • Cohansey………………. Cohansey Glass Manufacturing Company (c.1870-1900). Factory: Bridgeton, New Jersey. Business offices in Philadelphia, PA.
  • COLO.C.G.CO…………..Colorado City Glass Company, Colorado City, CO (1889-1893)
  • COLO.CITY G. CO……..Colorado City Glass Company, Colorado City, CO (1889-1893)
  • COLO.G.W. ………..Colorado Glass Works Company, Golden, Colorado (1887-1888)
  • Colo.G.W.Co…………same as above.
  • C.R. ……………..Curling, Ringwalt & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1857-1863)

    Crescent Moon mark on base of glass medicine bottle

    Crescent Moon mark on base of glass medicine bottle

  • Crescent moon shape (shown) …………….. uncertain. This mark is seen on the bases of pharmaceutical / prescription bottles, both on unmarked “generic” examples, as well as lettered bottles from various druggists in Vermont and less often from surrounding states (for instance, MA). I assume this is from an unidentified glass manufacturer in the VT, MA or NH area. Any info would be appreciated! (Thanks to VT bottle collector/specialist Barry Conolly for bringing this particular mark to my attention!   Also— this mark has also been reported on the bases of prescription bottles from St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada …….. Thanks to Glen Phillips!)
  • Crisa…………………….Crisa, now a division of Libbey Glass, with three factories located in Monterrey, Mexico.  This is a large producer of table glassware such as tumblers, goblets, wine glasses, beer mugs and other glassware heavily used in restaurants, bars and other institutional settings.  They are also known for producing electrical telephone insulators, including  CD 107 style units.
  • Cross (double-lined cross, abstract design similar to “fourchee cross” or “crosslet”, as shown) ………………… seen on heel of
    VDL Company, on Perrier bottle

    VDL Company, Vergeze, Languedoc-Roussillon, France,  on Perrier bottle

    Perrier mineral water bottles.  This mark used by VDL Company, Vergèze, Languedoc-Roussillon, France.  VDL Co., who produced all of the glass bottles for Perrier mineral water, was acquired by Owens-Illinois Inc., who now runs this operation effective August 1, 2011, and new Perrier bottles are now carrying the “O-I” mark on the heel. (I assume that the “O-I” mark was instituted very soon after the acquisition, but do not know exactly when the bottle molds were re-tooled with the mark of Owens-Illinois).

  • Cross emblem (logo, hallmark, design, mark) on the base of pre-1900 containers………………see “X” entry.
  • Crounse-Hinds ………………………………….  Name seen embossed on glass traffic signal lighting lenses. Crounse-Hinds, manufacturer of traffic signal systems. Examples are actually products of, in most cases, Corning Glass Works or Kopp Glass Company. Interesting site for more info on traffic lights: Crounse-Hinds Traffic signal collector site.
  • Crownford China Co. …………………………see this page. 
  • C. S. & Co…………………..see next entry.
  • C.S.& Co. LTD (reported as ‘LD’ on some bottles) …………..Cannington, Shaw & Co. Limited, St. Helens, Lancashire, England (1875-1913)
  • C. S. & G. CO………… probably Cooper, Silica & Glass Company, Salem, Virginia (c. 1907-c. 1914?) . This mark was reported to me as seen on the lower heel of a “Huntsville Bottling Works” crown-top soda bottle.
  • C.V.No.1 MILW………Chase Valley Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1880-1881)
  • C.V.Co.No.2 MILW………Chase Valley Glass Company No.2, Milwaukee, WI (1880-1881)
  • C.V.G.CO………….Chase Valley Glass Company, Milwaukee, WI (1880-1881)
  • C.W.& Co……….Unknown. Seen on base of blackglass (very dark olive green or olive amber) ale bottles of British origin, which probably date circa 1870s-1900. This mark may or may not have any relation to the following entry.
  • C.W. & J. ………..Unknown. This mark might actually be “G W & J”, but I’m keeping this listing also, since the embossing is faint on some bottles and the “G” appears more like a “C” on at least one mold. Initials are seen on base of handmade blackglass ale bottles of British origin. Lettering could possibly be “W. & J. G.”
  • D…………………Unknown. Seen on base of amber strap-side flask (circa 1870-1890 period?).
  • D within a diamond………….Dominion Glass Company (known as Domglas after 1978), Pointe Ste Charles (Montreal), Quebec, and other locations at Hamilton, Ontario; Wallaceburg, Ontario; Redcliff, Alberta; Burnaby, British Columbia; Bramalea, Ontario. (1913-to date).  The “D within a diamond” mark was reportedly first used by Dominion in 1928 and was used until circa 1976. (If anyone knows when this trademark was completely phased out on their glass items, please contact me). Dominion was the largest glass container manufacturer in Canada, produced huge quantities of many types of bottles and jars over a long period of time. The mark used from 1913 to 1928 was evidently just a plain diamond with no letter inside (at least on their glass electrical insulators), but I don’t know if the mark used on their bottles followed the same appearance or timeline.  See “Diamond logo” farther down on this page.  For more information on Dominion and the marks and codes they used, this link supplies a more in-depth discussion: Parks Canada document on Dominion Glass Company bottle mould numbers.
  • D in a heart……………..Degenhart Crystal Art Glass, Cambridge, Ohio (1947-1978). Seen on upscale handmade art and novelty glass such as salt cellars, toothpick holders, hen-on-nest dishes and figurines. Degenhart operation was sold in 1978 and the factory became Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass.
  • D in a keystone……………Denver Glass Bottle Company, Denver, Colorado (1946-1951)
  • D.B.MFG.CO. ……………….almost certainly Dodson-Braun Manufacturing Company, St. Louis, Missouri (c.1898-1914+) This embossing was a mystery to me for a long while, and had been reported (by at least 3 separate contacts) as seen on a small, round, clear (or with slight amethyst tint) bottle that evidently held some type of food condiment. Recent info submitted by Chad Fitzgerald indicates Dodson-Braun as the source of this mark. D.B. Mfg Co., according to info published in Ketchup, Pickles, Sauces (1980) by Betty Zumwalt, was a food products firm, specializing in packaging pickles, as well as various relishes, sauces and other condiments.
  • Dean Foster & CO……….Dean, Foster & Company, Boston, Massachusetts (c. 1870s-c.1900) and Chicago, Illinois (1883-1893). Seen on the base of a nurser bottle. See D.F.& CO.

    Two deer facing each other- Cerve, Italy. (Pic courtesy of Diana).

    (Photo courtesy of Diana Manganaro).

  • Deer (Two deer facing each other, shown)…………. Cerve S.p.A, Parma, Italy. (1953- to date). This company markets a wide variety of decorated glassware, especially tableware for household use, perfume bottles, etc. No information on the exact date range this mark was used, or if it is still being used.
  • De S. G. Co. ……………………DeSteiger Glass Company, LaSalle, Illinois (c.1879-c.1896). This mark variation reported to me by Joe McAllister. (See “D.S.G.Co.”)
  • DES.PAT. (with several numbers, usually 5 or 6 digits)……………………..There are a number of bottles with this marking on the bottom, especially Owens-Illinois bottles mostly from the 1930s or 1940s. For instance, DES. PAT. 92148.  This means “Bottle design was patented and assigned #92148” by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DC.  A search online might bring up more information on some of these bottles, for instance searching the “Google Patents” database with that number shows that the patent was issued for that particular design in 1934.  Keep in mind this does not mean that the particular bottle itself was made in that exact year……since a design may have been used for several years afterward.
  • D.F.& CO……….Dean, Foster & Company, Boston, Massachusetts (c.1870s-c.1900) and Chicago, Illinois (1883-1893). This company evidently made primarily prescription/druggist ware. See above entry, as well as “A.M.F.& CO” for a related mark.
  • D.F.& D………..Dean, Foster & Dawley. See above 2 entries. This company was either an earlier, or closely related company to the one above.
  • D.G.Co………….Diamond Glass Company, Royersford, PA (1885-1990).
  • Diamond logo (on glass electrical  insulators; no letters or numbers inside the diamond)……….Diamond Glass Company, Montreal, Quebec (1891-1913).  See Glass Insulator Manufacturers page.
  • Diamond logo (on bottles;  no letters or numbers inside)…………. in some cases, containers with this mark might be products of  Diamond Glass Company, Montreal, Quebec (1891-1913) which became Dominion Glass Company and still later, Domglas.  In a few instances, a plain diamond might indicate Illinois Glass Company (if the “I” in the “I inside a diamond” mark is invisible),  BUT I believe the great majority of bottles with a plain diamond found in the United States are products of the Diamond Glass Company, Royersford, PA (1885-1990). 
  • Diamond (or other geometric shapes, including square, oval, circle, keystone, triangle, etc) with a letter inside………. Please look for a relevant entry listed under the specific letter, although I do have a very few entries that are also cross-referenced under the shape.
  • Diamond with a “D” inside…………….Diamond Glass Company/Dominion Glass Company, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. See “D in a diamond” entry.
  • Diamond with an “H” inside (seen on elegant tableware, stemware, high quality decorative glassware, not utilitarian container glass)……………….. A. H. Heisey Glass Company; please see “H inside a vertical diamond” entry on page two.
  • Diamond I …………………….. Illinois Glass Company, Alton, Illinois (mark used circa 1915-1929).
  • Diamond with an “I” inside…………Illinois Glass Company, Alton, Illinois.  Please see “I within a Diamond” page.
  • Diamond with letter & number(s) combination within it…………….Illinois Glass Company, Alton, IL, probably produced most, if not all, of these containers.  Please see “I within a Diamond” page.
  • Diamond with 2-, 3- or 4-digit number inside………Illinois Glass Company, Alton, IL (1873-1929). (Numbers found within a diamond on several types of bottles have been matched with catalog numbers found in Illinois Glass Co. bottle catalogs.) Exact period when this type of mark was used is uncertain, but probably sometime in the 1910-1920s period. Please also see “I within a Diamond” mark webpage.   Other companies that might have produced some of the bottles found with these basemarks include Diamond/Dominion Glass Company, Montreal, Quebec, Canada & other locations (later Domglas); and the Diamond Glass Company, Royersford, PA (1885-1990)
  • Owens Illinois Glass Company trademark - Diamond-O-I

    Diamond and oval with I inside mark

    Diamond superimposed over an oval [letter O] and an I…………..Owens-Illinois Glass Company  (1929-to date – formerly with headquarters at Toledo, OH; now at Perrysburg, OH).  Click on link for more info and  illustrations of marks used by Owens-Illinois).

  • Dillon G. Co……….Dillon Glass Company, plants at Converse, Indiana and Fairmount, IN (1889-1894)
  • DIXIE……………..Dixie Glass Company, Tallapoosa, Georgia (1898-c.1906 or later)

    Doan mark on cobalt blue bottle

    (Photo courtesy of Janell Bennett)

  • D & O ……………..Dodge & Olcott.
  • DOAN (or possibly “DOVAN”),  as shown in pic, right ………..embossed mark seen on base of decorative cobalt blue bottle with raised figures of Greek or Roman nudes (mythological gods) along with vertical columns/pillars.  Unknown origin.  If you have information on the source of this mark, please write!
  • D.O.C……………..D.(Dominick) O. Cunningham Glass Co., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1882-1931).  A prolific producer of soda bottles, especially Hutchinson-style sodas (“hutches”).  The mark seems to be seen primarily on handmade bottles manufactured (generally speaking) before around 1910.
  • Dominion………………..Dominion Glass Company (now Domglas), Canada. Seen on electrical insulators. See “D in a diamond” entry, and page on Glass insulator manufacturers.
  • Do-Ray………….DoRay (or Doray) Lamp Company, Chicago, Illinois. Mark seen embossed on glass automobile taillight lenses, traffic signal lenses, railroad lenses  and similar items. No information on dates of operation. Circa 1950s-1960s?
  • D. P. B. ……………Initials as reported on base of crown-lip, light green-aqua beer bottle, circa 1900-1920. Probably stands for the Deer Park Brewing Company, Port Jervis, New York. Thanks to Michael Mackey for reporting this mark.
  • Dr. W. B. Caldwell’s,  Monticello, Illinois……………. See “Caldwell’s” webpage.
  • Dr. Y.Y. B. Caldwell’s, Monticello, Illinois…………..See “Caldwell’s” webpage.
  • D.S.G.Co…………..DeSteiger Glass Company, LaSalle, Illinois (c.1879-c.1896)

    Duraglas mark

    Duraglas – mark on base of 1948 soda bottle

  • DURAGLAS…………………Owens Illinois Glass Company, Toledo, Ohio (1929-to date). Trademark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company,  after 1940.  Most glass containers with the Duraglas brand embossing appear to date from the 1940s-1970s.  See “Diamond superimposed over an oval and I” and “I within an O” marks. Click here for more info on Owens-Illinois Glass Company.   Other marks used by Owens-Illinois include OWENS, LOWEX and KIMBLE as well as many others.
  • Dyottville Glass Works……….Dyottville Glass Works, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (c.1833-1900+). Factory had long been in operation, previously known as the Kensington Glass Works, before becoming known as Dyottville. Besides their early pictorial flasks (on which the name is found on the front or reverse of the bottle), other bottles found with this marking on the base are the cylinder whiskies which probably date mostly from the 1850s-1880s period.

    [ A – B ]       [ C – D ]      [ E – L ]       [ M – R ]       [ S – Z ]

Please click here to go to my HOME PAGE.

39 Responses to Glass Bottle Marks – 2

  1. Elaine Samus says:

    I have a cobalt bottle with a screw top (top missing) 1 1/2 inches tall. It has a double triangle on the bottom. Can anyone ID it for me? Thanks

    • David says:

      Elaine, you have found a VICKS VAPORUB menthol salve jar. Many slightly different variants have been made over the years. I am not sure of the date range for the “two triangles on the bottom” version.

  2. Jennifer says:

    I have a very unusual Dr Pepper bottle. .the bottom has Oklahoma City Ponca City Tulsa Dr. Pepper bot. co 61/2 fl oz. On the lower part of the neck–not the bottle body–are four circles, one on each side, each with a single letter D P B C. I cannot find any information on the dating of this bottle–any idea?

  3. James M Coode says:

    What a wonderful service you’ve performed here! Thanks so much for your obvious dedication.

  4. David says:

    Lulu, the initials stand for John Wyeth & Brother, Philadelphia, a large pharmaceutical firm, but the actual glass maker is not known to me. I would guess (guess!) some of the Wyeth bottles were made by Whitall Tatum Company, as they were (relatively) nearby in New Jersey and made alot of bottles for Philadelphia-area firms. You might find more info on their products and history with an internet search on Wyeth.

  5. Pingback: Maui wreck dives - A small glass bottle photographed at a WWII wreck sunk off the Maui coast sends us searching for its origin and use.

  6. Marina kaplan says:

    I found the bottom of a bottle on the beach. Letters seem to be O.CH.O. does anyone know what this might be?

  7. James D Hubner says:

    Sir. being an Amateur myself I find all kinds of artifacts from native American to Spanish etc, on day my children were on the shore of the st john/s river at the location of the lower store indian trading post chasing minnows, I looked down and found a lid of the brass variety i assume of considerable age, with co&co markings, would you know the type of bottle it came off of by chance or apprx, age, just have history in my blood and am curious, Sincerely, James d Hubner

    PS You can see the lid on my web site or I could send you a few pics if you would care for me to do so. Thanks in advance.

  8. Rick Holahan says:

    I was the last member of the family to work at Reed Glass in Rochester, NY. It was a summer job and It was shift work in the test lab in 1956, the year the company went bankrupt. My grandfather was Arthur Reed, and I guess he wanted me to experience the work before they shut the doors. What a fantastic place: noise,smoke,heat and a great cast of characters. All three tanks were fired with coal gas, and I can still see the men working the hot end. Years later, I videoed the destruction of Leone Industries when they shut down. Some of the old buildings are still on the property, as I still detour to 860 Maple St.if I’m close by.

  9. Lynn Kettwich says:

    I have a small square glass bowl with what looks like three candles on the bottom. Does anyone know anything about this mark? Thanks!

    • sherri says:

      If it’s less than 40 years old then maybe it’s a Partylite product but they use stickers now. I don’t know if they’ve ever had their logo molded in glass.

  10. Hadz says:

    Is there any info on a logo that details a small capital G and M inside a large Q. Its under a old coke bottle with the numbers 15Q703

  11. Isabel Holt says:

    I live in Boise, Idaho and have ditch irrigation in my yard(water from the Boise River). This spring I found a bottle floating in my underground ditch, with cap still on. It has a two-headed “thunderbird” type emboss on the shoulder, LIQUOR BOTTLE in caps on the bottom, the numbers 7059 above the liquor bottle writing, D-126 below, and what looks like a triangular trademark that may read YC within the triangle. The numbers 79 and 2 appear above the liquor bottle writing and L 9 below. I am not expecting that this is valuable, but I am curious as to how old it may be. It is discolored from being in water, but otherwise in good shape. I have been unable to find out anything about it from local antique shops. Any clues from anyone? Isabel

    • David says:

      Hi Isabel,
      I just realized I approved your post from June of 2016 but did not answer it. Re-reading your question, I suspect the triangle mark you are describing MIGHT be one of the marks used by Thatcher Glass Manufacturing Company. Can you check my page on that glassmaker and see if the mark resembles that triangular mark with the two “angular” letters “T” and “G” placed to the lower left and right? The “79” is likely a date code for 1979. “2” (in this case) is probably the Liquor Bottle Permit Number assigned to Thatcher.
      Best regards,

      • Isabel says:

        David-A mistake on the number on the bottom of the Liquor Bottle I wrote about finding in my irrigation ditch in Boise; it should be 7053. I cannot decipher the triangle below, but it may be Y and D in an inverted triangle. Thanks for any info you can provide.

        • David says:

          Isabel, can you send a picture of the mark to my email address, which is listed at the right-hand bottom corner of this page.

  12. James says:

    Hi I have a wine glass that is fairly new that I had a interest in, I found a logo or mark on the bottom of it with two droplets next to each other I was just wondering what companie made it.

    • David says:

      James, I’m not familiar with the logo you describe, and I don’t know who the manufacturer is, but have posted your query here.
      Perhaps someone who knows more about it will land on this site and answer your question.
      Take care, David

    • SavvyGlass says:

      Hi James, I found your comment when I was researching the same makers mark. I thought it might interest you to know that I’ve made an identification: Paşabahçe. Enjoy!

      • David says:

        Hi SavvyGlass,
        Thanks for your post and reply. Can you pass on more info on the mark in question, and where it is linked to Pasabahce? Just trying to find out more info on this mark. From scanning a number of ebay auctions, I found out that Pasabahce (Paşabahçe) of Turkey usually marks the bases of their tumblers and other glassware with a “P” mark. Any additional info is appreciated!
        Best regards,

    • Tanya says:

      I have wine glasses with 2 water droplets at the base as well, just as James posted on May 23, 2016. I have not found any information on them.

  13. I found a bottle brown glass 1inch square x2.5 inches high on the bottom there is a diamond shape stamped in glass an #7 next to it it was buried under six feet of untouched dirt in Charlotte NC is there any value to it

    • David says:

      Hi Byron,
      It sounds like a bottle made by Illinois Glass Company of Alton, IL. (Please see my page on that company). Because Illinois Glass made such huge numbers of bottles of many types, I doubt if it has much value to collectors at the present time. Maybe a dollar. It sounds like it might be an iodine or merthiolate bottle or something similar. Still, a nice item to find, and an authentic example of older American MADE IN USA glass! It likely dates between 1915 and 1929. Hope this will help.

  14. Matt says:

    I found a sea glass bottle bottom that I’m having a pretty tough time identifying. Going around in a circle, it read as follows. There is a “24” then “C.H.C & .S”, but below the dot after the first “C” is a second less-embossed dot. It’s about 2 1/2″ across, the walls of the bottle are circular and pretty thick. The color appears to be forest green. Can anyone help me identify the manufacturer and/or age of this bottle piece?

    • David says:

      Matt, I’m not familiar with those initials. Perhaps a reader will know. I suspect it could be the initials of a bottling company, and the “S” might stand for “Sons” or “Son”. Can you send a picture of the base to my email address (shown at the bottom right of any page on this site).
      Best regards,

      • Emily says:

        Hey guys I also have a bottle that is very similar I think. Mine show C.H.C & . S then the number 24. I emailed David the pictures I took.

        • Emily says:

          **Correction the number 23 **

        • David says:

          Hi Emily,
          Your bottle with the “C.H.C & S” mark is definitely a product of Great Britain (United Kingdom) and probably dates from sometime in the 1870-1900 period. It is a dark green, “3 piece mold” ale bottle with applied lip. The “look” is characteristic of many such bottles from other glassmakers in Britain during that general time period, such as those marked with the initials “J.K.& S. (John Kilner & Sons), “N & CO” (Nuttall & Company), “J. L. & Co” (John Lumb & Company), “C. S. & Co” (Cannington, Shaw & Company) and others including some with unidentified marks. I don’t know what the initials stand for, but I wouldn’t be surprised if the information is out there somewhere. Readers??
          Thanks, David

  15. Georgiann says:

    Have 8 glasses with symbol H over small a. In summer cottage since about 1950 that I know for sure. Maybe earlier. Anyone know details on them.?

    • David says:

      A simple google search with “H over a glass mark” brings up the name of the company in question………….. Hazel Atlas Glass Company. Please see my page on that glassmaker. However, to be honest Hazel-Atlas made TREMENDOUS quantities of bottles, jars, tableware (drinking glasses, mugs, bowls, vases, candy dishes, etc) over a period of several decades, and it may be difficult to find detailed info on a particular type of glass. You might try some searching on Google Images with keywords to try and find the pattern name or approximate age. Also try searching and type in keywords in their item “Search” box which best describe the glasses you have. Sometimes this will work in bringing up similar glassware……..although sellers often don’t know what they have either.
      Best regards, David

  16. Yogi Bear says:

    Either I’m just really blind (I’m a Bear, in which species has poor vision) or you’re not displaying the bottle maker I have on one I pulled out of a ’50s/’60s (mainly that era) dump. The base says, “C. P. CO. / 12.” Forgive me if it’s in there, I just cannot see it and I’ve scrolled several times. I’m unsure of what it was for. It’s only a few inches tall, narrow, and has twists in the neck. Screw-top.

    • David says:

      Yogi, I’m not familar with any glass company name with C. P. CO. as the initials. It probably stands for some other type of firm or business.

  17. Richard says:

    I found a 12″ high hexagon wine bottle with a cloth cork, says The Robinson wine corp limited, on the bottom is a D in a diamond
    Does any one know the age or value of this?

  18. Rita Deddens says:

    I have a pair of footed glass inkwells with hinged, brass lids. One of the bottles has the mark of a stylized H over a G. Does anyone know the meaning of this mark?

Comments/Replies: All comments are moderated so will not be published immediately. Because of mail volume received, and time and energy restraints, some questions may not be answered individually, especially if the subject is already addressed elsewhere on this site. This website is not intended as an appraisal service, but as a resource for background info on glass companies and the marks they used, so I usually delete "What is this bottle worth?" types of queries. Thank you very much for your patience & understanding !!