Glass Manufacturers’ Marks on Coke Bottles

 GLASS MANUFACTURERS’ MARKS ON COKE BOTTLES    

  For a little more info on some of these companies that are known to have made Coca-Cola bottles (including date ranges), please check the main “Glass Bottle Marks” webpages.  

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*NOTE* (this paragraph added to webpage on January 4, 2014) :   There are many types of authentic older amber (“beer bottle brown”) glass Coke bottles in existence (from a variety of cities across the US), but they are usually the “STRAIGHT SIDES” types made between 1900 and 1920.  If you run across an “Amber” HOBBLESKIRT STYLE (“curvy female” profile) Coke bottle….. any of the main 4 types including those with the Nov.16, 1915 date, the Dec 25, 1923 date, the “D-105529 PATENT, or “U.S. PATENT OFFICE / 6 or 6 1/2 oz., it is a recently color-altered bottle, having been subject to IRRADIATION to change the color from the original light green-aqua to a weird “burnt dark mustard/brown” or “olivy brown” color. The irradiated color is NOT natural……no Coke bottles of this style were made in such a color originally. Some newer collectors may be confused by these types of bottles appearing on online auctions, at flea markets and antique malls in these odd colors. Contrary to what some sellers may say, the irradiation does  not really INCREASE the value of old Coke bottles. It is a form of alteration, and considered to be DAMAGE by many experienced bottle collectors. Just a warning….hopefully this might help to educate a few people who would otherwise not be aware of what is going on.  A few Coke bottles might be found in a medium to dark purple, this is also from “nuking” the glass. This is also happening with alot of other types of glass……bottles, insulators, pattern glass, etc. Please see my page on Artificially purpled glass here.

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In general, the glass manufacturers’ marks are usually seen on the base, but sometimes on the side or lower heel of the bottle. In many instances (especially in the case of Owens-Illinois bottles), the glass manufacturers’ logo is in combination with a date code.

There are many collectors of antique and vintage Coke bottles who try to find examples with various city/town/state embossings marked on the bottom, for instance “LOUISVILLE  KY”  or “DECATUR ILLS”  or “TUCSON ARIZ”.   Bottles from larger cities are usually easiest to find, and, in general, the smaller the city, the scarcer the bottles.

A common misconception is that the city name indicates where the bottle was actually made. In general, the city name, in most cases, has nothing to do with the location where the bottle itself was manufactured.  The town/city name usually indicates where the bottles were supposed to be originally circulated, and the location where a local soda bottling or distribution center was situated.    Some of the larger glass manufacturers made Coke bottles (and other soda bottles such as Pepsi, etc) for hundreds of different cities around the United States.

The list below is certainly not complete, and I hope to eventually add more information as time allows.   This includes makers of Coke bottles covering a very wide time period, including the earlier “straight-sides” and the later “hobbleskirt” classic shaped bottle.  (Note: In general, local/regional Coke bottling companies – who were not actual bottlemaking companies – are not included in the list).

  • A.B.CO. ……………………………..American Bottle Company, Chicago, Illinois
  • A.G.W………………………………..American Glass Works, Richmond, Virginia (1908-1925)
  • Anchor logo entwined with a capital “H”………….Anchor Hocking Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio
  • C inside a circle………………….Chattanooga Glass Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Chattanooga was a HEAVY producer of Coca-Cola bottles.
  • C inside a diamond………….Chattanooga Glass Company, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • Diamond & O (oval) entwined/superimposed, with an I in center, looks something like an eye or the planet Saturn……………………Owens-Illinois Glass Company, head office Toledo, OH.  (See a number of pics showing this frequently encountered mark at that page).  This firm probably made more Coke bottles than any other glass manufacturer, at least during the 1940s and 1950s. Chattanooga would possibly be second place in total production.
  • D.O.C……………………………………..D. O. Cunningham,  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • DURAGLAS…………………………………..trademark/brand name applied to their typical container glass formula, introduced in 1940:  Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
  • EG (along heel, with numbers)…………Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.
  • F within a hexagon………………………Fairmount Glass Company, Fairmount, Indiana  & Indianapolis, Indiana.  
  • FV (connected, as shown)……………..Fábrica de Envases de Vidrio S.A. de C.V, Mexicali, Mexico. This is seen on some of the “Mexican Coke” bottles imported into the United States. Although this company began in 1987, I’m not sure if the mark has been in actual use that entire time. I have a Coke bottle with the mark which is date coded for the year 2006.
  • G23 (or similar letter/number, lightly embossed along the lower heel)……….. Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.  (Not to be confused with the “G-number” [bottle style/design codes] seen on the base of many Owens-Illinois soda bottles).
  • GRAHAM…………………………………..Graham Glass Company, Evansville, Indiana.
  • H entwined with (superimposed over) an “Anchor” emblem…………. Anchor-Hocking Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio
  • I inside an O (circle or oval)………………….mark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, after the mid- to late 1950s.

    IPG in triangle - on Clorox bottle

    IPG inside triangle-on heel of amber Clorox bottle

  • IPG inside triangle…………….Illinois Pacific Glass Corporation, San Francisco, CA; Los Angeles & other plant locations (c. 1925-c.1932).   This mark was reported on the heel of a hobbleskirt style Coca-Cola bottle, although this picture shows it on a Clorox bottle.
  • I.S.G.CO…………………Inter-State Glass Company, Kansas City, Missouri.
  • Lbg …………………………………………………Lynchburg Glass Works, Lynchburg, Virginia
  • L – G  or  L  G ………………………………………………..Liberty Glass Company, Sapulpa, Oklahoma
  • L G W (letters may be widely separated around perimeter of base) ………………………………………….. Laurens Glass Works, Laurens, South Carolina.
  • O.V.B.W. …………Ohio Valley Bottling Works, Cincinnati, Ohio. Initials as reported to me on the bottom of a circa 1910s-1920s amber straight-side Coke bottle. This was apparently a short-lived local bottling operation, not a glassmaker.
  • R within a triangle………………………..Reed Glass Company, Rochester, New York.
  • REED…………….Reed Glass Company, Rochester, NY. (Reported by Taylor McBurney, embossed along lower heel)
  • ROOT…………………………………………. Root Glass Company, Terre Haute, Indiana.  Root was the first company to produce the classic “hobbleskirt design” glass Coca-Cola bottle.
  • S within a star………………………………………Southern Glass Company, Los Angeles, California.
  • V, actually a highly stylized ‘V’ logo,  which, as it appears on the surface of the glass,  typically looks like a group of 3 small triangularly-shaped raised “spots” or “bumps“………………….Vitro Packaging LLC, Monterrey, Mexico.  This mark is seen on huge numbers of containers imported into the United States, including soda bottles as well as many other types of food and beverage containers.

Click here to go to the main Glass Bottle Marks page.

Please click here to go to my Home Page.

Here is a website with lots of info on collecting Coke bottles:       http://www.antiquebottles.com/coke/

 

Vitro mark on 2008 Commemorative Coke Bottle

Vitro mark (on commemorative Coke bottle, made in 2008)

6 Responses to Glass Manufacturers’ Marks on Coke Bottles

  1. David Smith says:

    any pictures of some of the irradiated ones ? I have some australian amber cokes and we are discusing if they are genuine or not not sure how to post pics here but have alook here

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/1431233053841324/

    david smith

    • David says:

      Hi David,
      That bottle group on Facebook you supplied the link to is a “closed” group so I could not view the pictures you mentioned. However, here are some thoughts. Sorry I don’t have my website configured so that everyone can post pics here. The site would soon be overloaded with thousands of pictures, and would eventually make the pages somewhat slower to download, especially for those with older computers.
      In any case, I would suggest you search Google Images with the keywords “Irradiated Coke Bottle” (without quotes) or similar phrases, and check out some of the webpages that come up in the search. Of course many of the returns will be irrelevant but you should be able to see some examples of Cokes that have been “nuked”. They typically appear in shades of purple or dark odd ambers. Also, I might suggest you try posting queries on the http://antique-bottles.net site, which is a great discussion forum for collectors of all kinds of bottles and jars. There are many knowledgeable people who frequent that site and who might offer their input on the subject of irradiated Coke bottles.
      Best regards, David

  2. Bob Mooney says:

    Only X is found on the bottom of my amber Coca Cola from Washington, NC. Any ideas as to the maker of this nice bottle?

    • David says:

      Hi Bob,
      I assume you have a “straight-sides” amber Coke from sometime in the 1900s or 1910s. Are there ANY markings of any kind along the lower heel area of the bottle? Occasionally there could be a glassmaker mark along the heel that is very faint. If there is not, I can’t be of much help here. However, there may be knowledgeable, “hardcore” Coca-Cola bottle collectors/specialists out there (especially those familiar with early Coke bottles from the southeastern states) who might have input or suggestions on what glass company made your bottle. Perhaps someone will chime in and post an answer to your question! Thanks for writing~
      David

  3. Don says:

    Is there a listing of all the cities that Coke bottles had embossed on the bottom. We collect sea glass and find partial bottle bottoms and it would be helpful to figure out what some of the cities are.

    • David says:

      Hi Don, I believe a few individual Coke bottle collectors have tried to compiled their own lists of known cities, but I don’t know if that information is available anywhere online. I am under the vague impression that the total number of different American towns and cities that had their name embossed on the bottom of Coke bottles (at one time or another over the years) ranges somewhere between 2000 and 4000! I am hoping that any Coke collectors who have more information on this subject will chime in and educate us!
      Thank you, David

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