Glass Bottle Marks: Glass Manufacturers’ Marks

GLASS MANUFACTURERS’ MARKS ON BOTTLES & OTHER GLASSWARE ~  Page 1

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Welcome! I’m interested in the history of the glass industry in the US, especially concerning the manufacturing of bottles, electrical insulators and tableware.   On these three pages I’ve attempted to compile a list of glass manufacturers’ identification marks found on (primarily) American bottles and jars. (Click here to check another collector’s site that lists some Australian and English marks). I’m also including  marks seen on glassware items other than bottles, including tableware and industrial glass items such as railroad lantern lenses. Entries on some of the more commonly encountered brand and company names (for instance, Bromo-Seltzer), seen embossed on bottles are also included, as I frequently get questions about them.

Note: For a very brief, basic discussion on the material “glass”, (without alot of scientific “jargon”), please check out my new webpage here: What is glass?? . 

NOTE: When searching these pages, it may be helpful to press the CTRL+F keys (Find) on your keyboard to scan more quickly for a specific glass factory name, city and/or state name, or initials contained within the text.

Attention: For a very informative, comprehensive site with lots of detailed discussion on various aspects of antique bottles, including their many types, colors, methods of manufacture, uses, and clues to dating them, I strongly encourage you to check out Bill Lindsey’s Historic Glass Bottle Identification and Information Website  (hosted by Sha.org).  His site is a MONUMENTAL “work in progress”, and has a wealth of great information posted!!

The majority of the marks listed here are found on older bottles, but commonly seen trademarks used by present-day glass manufacturing concerns in the United States are also included.

For a comprehensive list of modern glass bottle manufacturers’ marks from around the world, you might also wish to check out the following link showing many of the more recent marks (properly called “punt marks” on their website) which are sometimes seen on bottles imported to the United States.  Click here: Bucher Emhart punt mark database (this is a pdf file).

A website that I would heartily recommend, devoted to dairy-related antiques, is http://www.dairyantiques.com, and the site includes pages with alot of detailed information on glass companies that produced milk bottles, and the marks that were used by those firms.  I would encourage any milk bottle collectors to try searching their list of marks:  Milk Bottle Marks .

Another webpage which I recommend, especially to collectors of tableware and art glass, illustrates many glassmakers’ marks frequently seen on carnival glassware and other upscale glass. Although some of these marks are listed on my site, some of them are not.  So be sure to check out  Carnival Glass Marks  !  

Another site with an extensive list of marks is here:  http://www.carnivalheaven.com/carnivalglass103/id76.htm .

Here is another site, this one specializing on information concerning shotglasses: Marks seen on shotglasses .  Most, if not all, of the marks illustrated there are frequently seen on other types of glassware as well, which makes the page quite helpful to a broader spectrum of collecting fields.

ANTIQUE BEER & ALE BOTTLES

Researcher/historian  Tod Von Mechow has compiled a large quantity of in-depth information on antique beer bottles, including both pottery and glass bottles. I would encourage anyone interested in makers’ marks on beer bottles (and soda bottles) to check out his site….. he has a very extensive list with alot of great material on obscure glass and pottery companies here: http://www.sodasandbeers.com/SABBottleManufBeerSoda.htm

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Usually embossed on the base, marks may also appear on the lower heel area on certain types of bottles, especially sodas. On earlier flasks, fruit jars, and soda bottles, and especially examples produced in the mid-nineteenth century period (1840s-1860s), the full factory name or initials may be embossed across the front.

This list primarily includes marks that represent the actual glass company that made the container. Many marks are encountered that indicate the company whose product was contained within it, or are trademarks (“brand names”) that give no indication of who actually made the glass, and those are (with quite a few exceptions) , not included in my list.  

From the standpoint of most collectors of antique bottles, the name and location of the company the bottle was made for, and the name of the product that was originally contained in the bottle (one or both of which may be embossed on the bottle) is often considered to be of more interest or importance than the glass factory where the bottle was actually manufactured.   However, this site is geared with more emphasis on the actual glassmakers themselves. Hopefully this database will be of some help to those who are attempting to assign an approximate date range to a particular bottle, assuming that it carries an identifiable glass manufacturer’s mark. 

NOTE: If initial(s) embossed on the base of a bottle match a firm name (other than a glass factory) on the front, the basemark will more than likely not be a glass manufacturer’s mark and so may not be listed here. This is very frequently the case, especially with soda, mineral water, beer and other bottles of the 1880-1930 period, in which the initial(s) of the “end user” (such as the bottler, brewery, drug manufacturer, or other firm for which the bottle was made) appear embossed on the base.

Please keep in mind that some marks (esp. initials of early glass companies) may vary slightly in appearance and punctuation from one bottle to another. For instance, they sometimes occur with or without periods after each letter. These variations in punctuation were common and probably reflected the whim of the mold engraver, thus having little or no importance (i.e. for assigning date ranges) especially on marks of pre-1900 bottles. For the most part, I have not attempted to list fine distinctions for marks that are found both with and without periods.

Another source of confusion was the common practice of engraving the “G” (especially in the 1880-1920 period) to appear very close in similarity to a “C”, the only difference between the two being a small “tail” pointing in a downward or “southeasterly” direction on the lower right-hand side of the letter G. Thus, the mark “A.B.G.M.Co.” might be misconstrued to read “A.B.C.M.Co.” Also, the abbreviation “Co” (Company) sometimes may be found embossed with either an upper- or lower-case “O” on various bottles made by the same manufacturer.

Many bottles carry only a number (or numbers) on the base. These marks usually served as some type of mold identification, indicating a particular mold used by a glass factory. If a number of identical molds were produced for making a certain type of bottle, they would often be serially numbered (such as 1 to 12). Some numbers served as date codes, or as some other type of internal code used by the factory. In the great majority of cases, bottles with only numbers on the base are difficult, if not impossible, to attribute to a specific glass maker.  See webpage here with more info on numbers seen on bottles.

I will occasionally be adding more data to these pages as I uncover more accurate information. The info presented on this site is the most accurate I’ve been able to find at present, but any comments (pro or con), clarifications or corrections (preferably backed up with reliable source information) would be sincerely appreciated! Because of the volume of emails I receive, I may or may not respond to questions about marks not listed here. You are more than welcome to contact me, but please be aware that I’m not an appraisal service, and I may not respond to queries along the general lines of “what is this jar worth?” and “is this bottle worth the hassle of listing on ebay?”.   

Generally speaking,  I may not be able to answer questions concerning bottles with only mold or catalog numbers embossed on the base. (Please see my webpage on numbers on the bottom of bottles)  You see, THOUSANDS of bottles carry nothing but a number on the base (or heel) ,  and this information (in most cases) does not help ID the source or age………nearly all glass factories used mold numbers on their containers at one time or another.  However, the general style, shape and glass color of a container can give strong clues to approximate age.

Much of the basic information herein comes from research by Julian H. Toulouse published in his classic, indispensable and ground-breaking reference work Bottle Makers and their Marks (1971). That book is the best reference work ever published on glass manufacturers’ marks on bottles, but it does contain many errors which have been discovered over the last several decades since it’s publication.

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Other sources of information I have used (including reference books, magazine articles, websites, and in some cases, email or voice communications) would include: Helen McKearin,  Rhea Mansfield Knittle,  Stephen Van Rennselaer,  Harry Hall White,  Alice Creswick,  Dick Roller, William S. Walbridge,  Cecil Munsey,  Roger Peters,  Gene Blasi,   Adeline Pepper,  Arthur G. Peterson,  Bob Stahr,  Fred Padgett,  Rex L. Wilson,  John O’Dell,  Bill Lockhart,  Jeffrey L. Giarde,  David Bethman,  Betty Zumwalt,  Jay W. Hawkins,  Peter R. Guetig,  Conrad Selle,  Don Dzuro,  Johnnie W. Fletcher,  Norman “Ted” Oppelt,  Dick Cole,  Harvey Teal,  Dean Six,  Tom Neff,  Albert Morin,  John P. Adams, Philip K. Huggins,  Jack K. Paquette,  Bill Lindsey,  Carol Serr, and Mark Newton, as well as many others.  (Eventually, I may add a page on this site with lists of books by some of the above-named persons which I found to be of most value.  In the meantime, you might try an internet search for more information on these names……there is a wealth of information out there, with many books in libraries and/or online pertaining to glass history, antique glass collecting, glass container manufacturing, and related fields).      This site also utilizes, to some degree, my own research and observations over several years of collecting & studying antique bottles, insulators and other glassware.  I hope this list will be of assistance to those interested in antique bottles and other glass containers made in the United States and the history behind the factories that manufactured them.  

I am striving to add more articles on this site relating to glass and glass collecting, both of a general nature, and addressing certain collecting “niches”, as time and energy permits!  I hope you will return often to this site!! THANK YOU!!

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  • A…………………The letter “A” is sometimes merely a mold letter (identifying a particular mold used by a glass factory). If it is an abbreviation for a glass factory, it could stand for one of several companies. One possibility: Agnew & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1854-1894+). See “A & CO.” mark. Another possibility would be Adams & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1861-1891). Originally Adams, Macklin & Company (1851-1861), they did manufacture at least one type of fruit jar circa 1866, lettered “Adams & Co./Manufacturers/Pittsburgh,Pa.” on the front. However, the great bulk of their glass production seems to have been pressed pattern glass and high-quality tableware and novelties, especially throughout the later years of their operation. In 1891, they joined the merger known as the United States Glass Company. Note: If the bottle is machine-made, the letter “A” would indicate a much more recent company, perhaps Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date). See “A.G.C. in state of Arkansas”.
  • A (stylized triangle with “A” as central motif)………….Arkansas Glass Container Corporation (Arkansas Glass), Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date).  I am not positive this mark has actually been used on containers. It has been displayed on their website. If you have up-to-date information on this mark, please contact me!
  • A & CO…………Agnew & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1854-1894+). There was a series of glass companies in the Pittsburgh area in which the Agnew family was involved, beginning as early as 1842 with Chambers & Agnew. Later, approximately 1854, the firm became John Agnew & Company (1854-1870); then, John Agnew & Son (1871-1876) and later simply Agnew & Company (1876-1892+). The most recent incarnation seems to have been “The Agnew Company”, which was in operation in 1894 (a bottle catalog from this company exists, dated 1894) which may have continued on for some time afterwards. Jars that are marked “JOHN AGNEW & SON / PITTSBURG PA” presumably date from about 1871 to 1876, and those marked “AGNEW & CO / PITTSBURG PA” would date from c. 1876 into the early 1890s. See “A” entry.
  • A in a circle………Armstrong Cork Company (Glass Division), Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Millville, New Jersey [former Whitall Tatum Co. plant] ; Dunkirk, Indiana [former Hart Glass Mnfg Co. plant]. Mark was used from 1938-1969 on bottles and insulators. If there is a line underneath the “circled A”, this indicates the bottle was produced at the Dunkirk plant.
  • A in a diamond…….Unknown
  • A , entwined with a bird emblem with wings outstretched; appears as if flying through the “A”.  The logo actually represents a crow (a play on the company name) with glass marbles clutched in it’s talons and beak, but may be mistaken for an eagle or other bird of prey…………………..Akro Agate Company, Akron, Ohio (1910-1914) and Clarksburg, West Virginia (1914-1951).  Maker of toy glass marbles as well as ashtrays, vases, children’s dishes and many other unusual novelty items. Akro Agate items are found in a wide variety of opaque and “slag” (marbled, multicolored) glass.
  • A. Arbogast, Pitts…………..Alexander Arbogast / Arbogast & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  (c. 1860-c.1863).   Mark is pictured in Bottles on the Western Frontier by Rex L. Wilson (1981:113), seen on a cylinder whiskey. See “Arbogast & Co. Pitts Pa”.
  • A B (letters are not connected)………………uncertain, either American Bottle Company or Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company.  Please see AB (connected) page, “AB (connected) Co”,  and “A.B.CO” entries.
  • AB (letters connected) ………………….. Please see this page where this mark is discussed in more detail.
  • AB (letters connected) Co…………….. uncertain: either American Bottle Company (1905-1929) or  Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company (1886-c.1926).   Also, please see this page, and “A.B.CO.”  mark.
  • A.B.C……………..Atlantic Bottle Company, Brackenridge, Pennsylvania (c.1916-1930). First only a distributor (pre-1916), Atlantic was later an actual manufacturer of bottles. The Brackenridge plant was purchased by Owens-Illinois in 1930.
  • A.B.CO……………….. American Bottle Company (1905-1929). Chicago, Illinois (office – 1905-1916); Toledo, Ohio (office – 1916-1929).  Glass plants were located at Streator, Illinois;  Newark, Ohio;  Belleville, Illinois;  Massillon, Ohio  &  Wooster, Ohio.  The American Bottle Company was purchased by Owens Bottle Machine Company in 1916 (with some of the plants being closed soon afterwards) but the Streator and Newark plants continued to operate under the American Bottle Co. name until 1929, when they became part of the merger that resulted in Owens-Illinois Glass Company. (For Streator and Newark plant marks from 1916 to 1929, see “17N” and “16S” entries). Most, if not all, of the “AB”, “AB CO.” and “A.B.CO.” marked bottles are believed to date between 1905 and 1916. However, it is possible that some bottles with these markings might date between 1916 and 1929, but, if so, could only have been made at either the Streator or Newark plants.  See also “AB (letters connected)” page, here.
  • A.B.G.CO…………..Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company, see “A.B.G.M.CO.” Also, see the “AB (connected)” mark on this page.
  • A.B.G.C.ST.L……….Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company (Presumably produced at their St. Louis glass factory location post-1891). See next entry.
  • A.B.G.M.CO…………Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company, plants at Belleville, Illinois (1886-c.1905) and St.Louis, MO (c.1891-c. 1926). The Belleville factory became part of American Bottle Company c.1905. (See AB (connected) and A.B.CO. marks).
  • Acorn LogoAcorn logo (shown)………Bellaire Bottle Company (Works), Bellaire, Ohio (c.1885-1921+). Logo is occasionally seen on the base of clear glass prescription/medicine bottles. Thanks to David Bethman for emailing me with info on the source of this mysterious acorn mark! He reports that the mark appears on a Bellaire Bottle Company letterhead shown in a book by Scott Tyson called “Glass Houses of the 1800s”.
  • Adlam’s Patent (on base of jars)…….. Several different jars are known with such embossings as “ADLAM’S PATENT” or “PAT. GLASS PAIL / BOSTON MASS” on base.  They came with unusual metal screw lids;  some lids are marked “ADLAM PATENT PAIL”. Patents were issued to Samuel Adlam, Jr. of Boston.  These jars evidently date from the 1880s or 1890s. Currently, the glass manufacturer that made these jars is unknown / unidentified.
  • A. & D. H. C. ………Alexander & David H. Chambers, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1843-c.1889). This was one of the most prolific glass companies in Pittsburgh during the mid-to-late 1800s. Huge quantities of bottles, flasks, and fruit jars were made, as well as window glass. Many local, regional, and nationally distributed sodas, mineral waters, beers, bitters, tonics, and other types of products were packaged in bottles made by A&DHC. Most commonly, bottles with this mark seem to date from the 1870s and 1880s, but the mark was probably in use at least from around the start of the Civil War, perhaps a bit earlier.
  • Adams & Co…………. See “A” entry.
  • AG (stylized letters forming an anchor)……..Anchor Glass Container Corporation. See “Anchor….” entry, farther down on this page.
  • A G C (letters are diagonally arranged, from “Northwest” to “Southeast”)……….Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, AR (1948-to-date).

    Arkansas Glass Container

    Arkansas Glass Container Corporation- mark on base of “round”- a typical “generic” clear glass packer jar for mayo, jam, etc. This jar made circa 2009.

  • A G C (within outline of state of Arkansas) ………… Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date)
  • A. G. CO………………. Evidently used by at least three different glass companies including: Atlanta Glass Company, Atlanta, Georgia (1887-c.1892), Annapolis Glass Company, Annapolis, Maryland (1885-c.1887) and Alexandria Glass Company, Alexandria, Virginia (1905-1916). The mark appears on the base of certain liquor flasks, soda bottles and other types of containers. Also, on the face of certain fruit jars, the initials “A.G.CO.” might stand for the American Grocery Company. For much more in-depth analysis of this mark and several related marks, (detailing different types of bottles that carry this mark, and info on which companies are more likely candidates for attribution to a specific type of container), please check out “The A.G.Co Logo” (Bill Lockhart et al), a pdf file,  here: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/AGCo.pdf
  • Agnew & CO…………See “A & CO.”
  • Agnew & Son………..See “A & CO.”
  • A.G.W……………..in some cases, American Glass Works, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1905). This company, which was officially known as “American Glass Works, Limited” after 1880, MAY have produced some glass marked “A.G.W.” during the time period of 1866-1880, although I am not aware of any definitive proof that they did. American Glass Works reportedly manufactured mostly window glass prior to 1880. After 1880, the mark was most frequently “A.G.W.L.”, although various bottles that date after 1880 (such as certain hutchinson sodas, and aqua coffin or “shoofly” flasks) do carry “A.G.W.”(no L) so I tend to believe that both mark variants were used, at times, during the 1880-1905 period. (See next two entries).
  • A.G.W……………..American Glass Works, Richmond, Virginia (1908-1925) and Paden City, West Virginia (1918-c.1935). Bottles (especially crown-closure soda bottles) of the teens and 1920s from the VA and surrounding area with “A.G.W.” marked on the base are virtually certain to be products of this company (not to be confused with the earlier American Glass Works of Pittsburgh, an unrelated company). Machine-made bottles date after 1916 (Toulouse 1971:23). The Richmond plant burned in 1925 and was not rebuilt. This company also reportedly used an “A in a circle” mark on some bottles. In any case, that mark was primarily used by the Armstrong Cork Company from 1938 to 1969.
  • A.G.W.L……………American Glass Works, Limited, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1880-1905). Advertisements exist which show this company produced a large line of Hutchinson type soda bottles, as well as many other bottles including beers and mineral waters. The mark “A.G.W.L.” which appears on the heel of many Hutchinsons can be definitely attributed to this company. Please see the above two entries on “A.G.W.”

    AHK mark

    AHK mark on base of emerald green 1977 “No Deposit~No Refill” Sprite soda bottle

  • A H K………Alexander H. Kerr & Company, Altoona, Kansas (1909-1912); Sand Springs, Oklahoma (1912-19??); later plants at Huntington, West Virginia (1933-19??); Santa Ana, California (1943-19??) and several other locations. Business offices in Los Angeles after 1919. This trademark was used from c. 1944-1992 and is more commonly seen on the bottoms of commercial “packer ware”, i.e.  jars and bottles for pre-packaged products sold at retail, as opposed to fruit jars made by Kerr for home canning.  Also see Kerr Glass Manufacturing Corporation.
  • Albany Glass Works…………Albany Glass Works, Albany, New York. Two types of historical flasks with the bust of Washington on them, lettered with this company name, are believed to have been manufactured sometime in the 1820s. HOWEVER, the great majority of flasks which are found with this inscription are modern reproductions dating after the 1930s, with most having been produced up into the 1960s or 1970s or even later. If you have a flask with the marking “Albany Glass Works”, it is best to assume it is a repro until proven otherwise!

    American National Can Company

    American National Can Company

  • American  National Can Company (1987-2000) emblem. This mark (shown in pic) is hard to classify, so is pictured on this page. This was photographed on the base of a colorless non-returnable 16-ounce soda bottle with a 1991 date code. Please also see “triangular logo” (which might be construed as a highly abstract “sailboat” representation) on page five. If you have information on the exact time frame during which these marks were used, please contact me! Thank you!
  • A.M.F.& CO……..Adelbert M. Foster & Company, Boston & Chicago (1873-1928). This company is connected with D.F.& Co.
  • AMPAK ………………….. mark seen on base of clear whiskey flask, apparently of very recent manufacture (c. 2000+).  Ampak, based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, maker/distributor of both glass and plastic containers.
  • AM. TEL. & TEL. CO. (On glass telephone insulators)…………… American Telephone & Telegraph Company (formed in 1885), now known as “A T & T Corporation”, a subsidiary of parent company A T & T, Inc..   Most of the insulators marked with these initials are “toll” (long distance) style units, classed as “CD 121″ in the Consolidated Design numbering system used by collectors. They were made by several glass manufacturers, including Hemingray Glass Company,  Brookfield Glass Company, and others. They primarily date from the 1895 to 1915 period.
  • Anchor, or Anchor & chain (embossed design) on mouth-blown flasks……………….The pictorial representation of an anchor appears on many liquor flasks spanning (approximately) the 1830-1910 period, and many of these seem to be found in the general Baltimore, Maryland area. It is certain they were made by more than one glassmaker. Baltimore Glass Works certainly made some of them, and no doubt other glass companies in the Baltimore area also made them. The anchor can be placed either on the base, or on the front of the bottle. A variety of these would make an interesting collection in and of themselves.
  • Anchorglass (one word)…………..trademark used by Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation. Not sure on exact years used, but this name appears on paper or foil labels attached to tableware from the 1950s era.
  • Anchor/H……………………….Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation.
  • Anchor Hocking………………..see webpage here.

    Anchor-Hocking mark

    Anchor and “H” entwined: Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation

  • Anchor logo with an “H” superimposed over it (shown)……..Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio and other plant locations (1937-to date).   More info here.     Anchor Hocking Corporation
  • Anchor within a rectangle (shown)………Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio & other locations. (1937-to date).  This mark used since about 1968.   See Anchor Hocking Corporation page.

    Anchor Glass Container Corporation

    Anchor Glass Container Corporation

  • Anchor logo (pictured: stylized angular “AG” letters, forming an anchor)……………..Anchor Glass Container Corporation, Tampa, Florida [head office], plants at Salem, NJ; Connellsville, PA; Winchester, IN; Shakopee, MN; Henryetta, OK; Jacksonville, FL; Elmira, NY; Warner-Robins, GA and Lawrenceburg, IN (1983-2012).   (Anchor Glass Container Corporation was “spun off” from Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation in 1983).  AGCC has produced vast quantities of bottles and jars…………..liquor bottles,  food containers, etc.  Note: Anchor Glass Container Corporation (as of August 2012) was purchased by Ardagh Group, based in Luxembourg, Europe. Most of the former Anchor Glass plants (listed above) are still operating (as of 2013) under the Ardagh Group banner. http://www.ardaghgroup.com/ .   For more info on Anchor Hocking Glass marks, click here. 
  • Angel above crown logo……….Kerr Glass Manufacturing Company, Portland, Oregon and other locations. Logo used on base of jelly jars and other glass items.
  • A & P ……………Uncertain. Reported on the base of a sauce bottle (a Worcestershire Sauce “lookalike” brand) dating circa 1880s. In this case the mark is probably that of the food product maker or distributor, and not that of the glass maker.
  • Arbogast & Co. Pitts. PA…………………Arbogast & Company (Alexander Arbogast), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c. 1860-c.1863). See “A. Arbogast” entry. Obscure manufacturer that specialized in blackglass bottles. More detailed information on this operation (and many others) can be found in Glasshouses and Glass Manufacturers in the Pittsburgh Region 1795-1910 (2009) by Jay W. Hawkins.
  • Arcoroc…………………………Brand name used by Arc International, France, for their commercial-grade glassware. See ARCOROC glass page.
  • Atlas (on fruit jar)……….Atlas Glass Company, Washington, Pennsylvania (1896-1902), and the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, Wheeling, West Virginia and other plant locations. (1902-1964)
  • Atlas / H-A /  Mason…………………..Hazel-Atlas Glass Company.
  • Atterbury/Atterbury’s Patent June 30, 1863…………….(on fruit jars) Atterbury & Company  (J.S. & T. B. Atterbury).
  • Avon…………………………Please see my webpage on AVON BOTTLES here.  A brief discussion of Avon bottles including the glass figural bottles (such as the cars, etc) is presented there.
  • A W inside an oval…………………………..American-Wheaton Glass Corporation, Terre Haute, Indiana (mark used approx. 1959-1962). Shortlived merger/reorganization. Later became American Can Company, Glass products division (1962-1967), and then Midland Glass Company in 1968. Midland was based in Cliffwood, New Jersey but also operated plants at Shakopee, MN as well as the Terre Haute facility.
  • A. & W. ………………probably Agnews & Wilcox, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1869).
  • B (on certain handblown bottles, c.1910 or earlier)…………Uncertain. In some cases, perhaps Buck Glass Company. See next several entries. The letter “B”, in some cases, might be just a mold identifier letter, with no indication of the glassmaker.
  • B (with 2 serifs)…………….sometimes Brockway Glass Company, Brockway, Pennsylvania (1907-1988). See “B in a circle“.
  • B (with 2 serifs)……often the Chas. Boldt Glass Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, at least on their early liquor bottles and other ware made in the circa 1900-1919 period. NOTE : Manufacturer attributions of bottles with a “B” on the base are confusing and (in my opinion) not completely certain. More information on the Chas. Boldt marks can be found here .
  • B (without serifs)………….in some cases, perhaps Buck Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland (c.1909-1961). Buck Glass was sold to Knox Glass, Inc. in 1961.
  • Ball Glass Container CorpB in cursive script (shown)………Ball Glass Container Corporation, subsidiary of Ball Corporation. This mark used on some containers 1994-1995. See Ball Bros Glass Company.
  • B in a circle………Brockway Machine Bottle Company (1907-1933) became Brockway Glass Company (1933-1988), Brockway, Pennsylvania. See B in a circle page.

    B in a diamond (on base of aqua pickle bottle) - Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York

    B in a diamond (on base of aqua pickle bottle) – Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York

  • B within a  diamond (on the base of bottles) …………………. Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York (1880-1957). This company produced handmade bottles from it’s beginning up to approximately 1930, thereafter continuing to sell glassware as a wholesale distributor (glass made by other concerns), including a line of “Diamond I” prescription ware made by Illinois Glass Company of Alton, IL.  The last mention of this company was in the 1957 Binghamton city directory. The great majority of bottles produced by Binghamton do not carry a glassmakers’ ID mark.  Many of the Kilmer Swamp Root bottles were made by Binghamton.  Known bottles with the “B in a diamond” mark on the bottom include square Horseradish bottles (would be generally termed “square pickle bottles” by the average collector) that are pictured in local Binghamton Glass Co. newspaper ads from the early 1900s and were evidently made in considerable numbers for several years,  and a rectangular medicine-type bottle which was found with a paper label for Harris Extract Company of Binghamton, circa 1906, and can safely be attributed to this glassworks.  Much more detailed information can be found in a new reference work by Maurice R. Hitt, entitled A History of the Binghamton Glass Company (published in 2011) .  Thanks Maurice for this information! (Please see next entry).
  • B within a diamond (on upscale colored ornamental and novelty glassware such as small “hen on nest” salt dishes, not utilitarian bottles)………………… Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass, Inc, Cambridge, Ohio (1978-to date).
  • Ball……………………Ball Brothers Manufacturing Company/Ball Brothers Company (Ball Corporation after 1969), Muncie, Indiana and other locations (1888-1998) . Please see Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company  page for a brief summary of this company.
  • Ball Bro’s Glass Mf’G Co. Buffalo…………Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company, Buffalo, NY (marking seen on glass fruit jar lids made c. 1885-1888).  See Ball webpage for summary of this company.
  • Ball Perfect Mason……see this page with a brief summary of this popular jar, as well as Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company page.
  • Baltimore Glass Works………………..Baltimore Glass Works, Baltimore, Maryland (c.1800-1905, which includes a succession of firms). Various flasks and bottles are marked with the full factory name, and the majority of these probably date between 1830 and 1870. Also, see B.B. & Co.
  • B.& A.C.CO…………Baker & Adamson Chemical Company (1881-1913). Producer of acids and other chemicals. Although not the mark of a glass factory, this may be mistaken for one. Seen on the base of chemical and acid jars and bottles, most of which probably date from the early period — 1881 to 1900. B&A was bought by General Chemical in 1900, and in 1913 General became a division of Allied Chemical & Dye Corporation, later Allied Chemical Corp. ACC merged into Allied-Signal and that company is now part of Honeywell, Inc.
  • BANNER ……….. trademark used by Obear-Nestor Glass Company, East St. Louis, Illinois (1894-1978 for one of their lines of druggist bottles. Confirmed on the base of a clear rectangular pharmaceutical/prescription bottle. According to Arthur G. Peterson’s “400 Trademarks on Glass” this was used beginning in 1899. No word on ending date.
  • “Belt Buckle” logo (oval shape with line through center) ……….Western Glass Manufacturing Company, Valverde (Denver), Colorado (c.1900-1909).
  • B B……………..Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry under “B B G CO”.
  • BB48…………….Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry under “B B G CO”. NOTE: Milk bottles bearing the mark “BB48″ were also made by Owens-Illinois Glass Company for many years after Berney-Bond was no longer in existence. In cases such as this, the Owens-Illinois mark (diamond superimposed with O and I) will also be seen on the base. Most of the bottles carrying both of these marks were made at the former Berney-Bond glass plant at Clarion, PA, which became O-I plant number 17. I am not sure how late the BB48 mark was retained on Owens-Illinois milk bottles made at this plant, but have seen a bottle with a 1947 date code.
  • B B CO……………Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry below. Another possibility: the mark on some bottles might stand for the Bellaire Bottle Company, Bellaire, Ohio (c.1885-1921+); or the Bell Bottle Company, Fairmount, Indiana (1910-1914)
  • B. B. & Co. …………Baker Bros. & Company (proprietors of the Baltimore Glass Works), Baltimore, Maryland (1852-1905). Mark seen on the base of Baltimore-area aqua blob beer bottles from the c. 1880-1895 period. (Thanks to Greg Franklin for supplying info on this mark!)
  • B B G CO………….Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930). A merger of the Bond Glass and Berney Glass companies, plants were located in Bradford, Hazel Hurst, Smethport, Clarion, and Knox, all in the state of Pennsylvania; the Winslow Glass Co. plant at Columbus, Ohio was purchased in 1927. Berney-Bond was bought by Owens-Illinois in 1930. Most of these plants were closed down in later years, until by the early 1970s only the Clarion plant (Owens-Illinois plant #17) was still making bottles.
  • BBGMCO (monogram on jars)……..Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company, Buffalo, New York (used on fruit jars c.1886-1888 before move to Muncie, IN.) See “Ball”.
  • B-C …………Bartlett-Collins Glass Company, Sapulpa, Oklahoma (1914-1929); Bartlett-Collins Company (1929-2008). B-C mark (the letters enclosed in conjoined circles) was used on tumblers after 1921, but I do not know how long after that the mark was used. Manufacturer of a wide line of tableware over the years, Barlett-Collins was later a subsidiary of the Lancaster Colony Corporation (owner of Indiana Glass Company after 1957).  Bartlett-Collins produced  items such as jars, mugs, canisters and votive candleholders under the brand name “Indiana Glass”.  The Bartlett-Collins plant was eventually purchased by Anchor Hocking Company, and shortly thereafter closed down (as of June 2008).  Items made there during the Lancaster Colony Corporation years, in general, do not carry an embossed maker’s mark. A sister plant operated by Lancaster, located at Dunkirk, Indiana (the original “Indiana Glass Company” factory) ceased production of glass in 2002. See “Indiana Glass” and “LCC” marks. For much more detailed info on Bartlett-Collins and the history of the Premium Glass Company and other organizations involved in the earlier history of the plant, see this article written by Bill Lockhart et al: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/BartlettCollins.pdf
  • BF……………….Ball-Foster Corporation (mark used 1995-2000). In 2000 became Saint-Gobain Containers, with the SG mark being instituted. See Ball Bros Glass Company.
  • B & Co [o is underlined], below a triangle…………….. Unknown. Triangle has number “500” embossed within, on the example reported, but perhaps a different number appears on other containers? Hand-blown, odd lip jar, off-clear glass w/perhaps faint grey-amethyst tint. Perhaps European origin? (Reported by Sam Lawson).
  • B.F.G.CO………….Beaver Flint Glass Company, Toronto, Ontario , Canada (c.1897-1948). NOTE: This marking is also found on glass telegraph insulators made by the Beaver Falls Glass Company, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (1869-1879). The mark was also very likely used on bottles, as this same set of initials are seen on certain soda/mineral water bottles of the period.
  • B.G.CO……………this mark was used by a number of different companies, and there is still uncertainty on absolute attribution in many cases. On earlier blob-top “export style” beer bottles and soda bottles, usually Belleville Glass Company, Belleville, Illinois (1882-1886). The Belleville factory was purchased by Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Co. in 1886, and presumably the B G CO mark was discontinued soon after, being replaced by A.B.G.CO.  or   A.B.G.M.CO.     The “B.G.CO.” mark was also used by Burlington Glass Works, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (1875-1909) on the face of their “Burlington” fruit jars.  A Moxie soda bottle variant with a crown lip carries the B.G.CO. mark, and in that case would have been made by an unidentified factory some time after 1892 (the year the “crown” style lip was introduced).  “B.G.CO.” is also reported on the heel of a light green crown lip Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association beer bottle that appears to date from the 1910s or 1920s.  The maker is uncertain.  On some milk bottles, B. G. CO. was apparently used by Buck Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland. (Buck normally used just a “B”).   If you have information that could shed light on the BGCO marks, please contact me.
  • BI (stylized B with small letter I inside lower loop of B)………Ball-InCon Corporation (mark used 1988-1994). Ball-Incon was formed in 1988 as a merger of the glass plants owned by Ball Corp, combined with the Indianhead Container Corp which consisted of glass plants at Laurens, SC; Port Allegany, PA; Madera, CA and other locations. See Ball Bros Glass Company.
  • BiXby……………..S.M.Bixby & Company, New York, New York. (1862-19?). For a brief summary of this company, click here.
  • Blenko Handcraft (usually seen on paper or foil labels) ………………………….. Blenko Glass Company (began 1893, later, at Milton, West Virginia since 1921). Maker of beautiful hand-made blown glass in a wide range of bright colors; the most popular item ever produced would be their widely-recognized “Water Bottle” with a very characteristic shape. This bottle has been made in many, many colors since 1938.  A wide variety of handmade items are produced, some of them from handcarved wooden molds as well as iron molds. Very few Blenko glass articles were marked (in the glass itself), but here is a page with more info. http://blenkoarchive.org/blenko_signatures_labels.htm .  The official Blenko Glass Company website is here: http://www.blenko.com
  • B. L. Fahnstock Fortune & Co. Pitts. Pa. ……………..Fahnstock, Fortune & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1873). Mark seen on the base of wax sealer and “Kline stopper” type fruit jars. This company was evidently sold to Evans, Sell & Company in 1873. See “F. A. & Co” and “E. S. & CO.” marks.
  • Blue Ribbon………..Standard Glass Company, Marion, Indiana (c. 1907-1933). Trademark is found base-embossed on their line of clear (“flint”) rectangular pharmaceutical/prescription bottles. This trademark was first used in 1908, according to information published in Arthur G. Peterson’s 400 Trademarks on Glass(1968). Standard Glass Company was bought by Foster-Forbes Glass Company in 1933.
  • B.& M.S.Co……….Bottler’s & Manufacturer’s Supply Company, Long Island City, NY (c.1897-1920). Seen on heel of New York City-area blob beer bottles.                           B O C mark on amber beer bottle
  • B.O.C……………..Unknown (Seen on base of yellow amber quart blob beer bottle, c. 1885, shown here in pic).  Although it has been proposed by some researchers that this mark is merely a mold-cutting error for “D.O.C.” (see that entry), I am doubtful and believe that this does stand for an obscure glass company (or some type of bottling or brewing firm?) with those corresponding initials. The embossed lettering is very strong and bold on this bottle.
  • BODE……………..Bode Extract Company, Chicago, Illinois (Gustav Augustus Bode, proprietor). Mark seen on the heel of a few hutch soda bottles. Bode evidently manufactured bottles from c. 1890 to 1892, but thereafter concentrated on the production of extracts. He passed away in 1900. Thanks to Joel Ferguson for sending me this info!
  • Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass, Cambridge, Ohio . (B in a diamond mark on upscale glassware indicates that company.)
  • Boyd’s Genuine Porcelain Lined Cap (or ‘Genuine Boyd Cap for Mason Jars’, other variations)………. marking seen on white milkglass inserts (discs or lids) used with zinc lids on “Mason” type fruit jars. Please see this page for more information.
  • B. P.& B………Bakewell, Page & Bakewell, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1824-1836)
  • B.P.CO……………Brunswick Pharmacal Company, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Seen on small cobalt medicinal bottles, dating perhaps from about 1895-1930. Bottles are also marked with a “back-to-back PP” inside a circle. Actual glass manufacturer is unknown, but Maryland Glass Corporation, Baltimore, MD (a prolific maker of cobalt blue bottles after 1907) could be one possibility. The “B.P.CO.” marking bears no relationship to the next entry.
  • B.P.& Co………Beck, Phillips & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1866-1886+). Seen on the base of wax sealer fruit jars. Some similar jars are also found lettered “Beck, Phillips & Co. Pitts.Pa” in a circle on the base. McKearin (1941:611) indicates this company changed it’s name to “Phillips & Company” in 1874, and was still operating in 1886. The actual ending date was not given. So presumably the jars found with either of these marks would date between about 1866 and 1874.
  • Brockway………….Brockway Glass Company, Brockway, Pennsylvania (1907-1988). See “B in a circle” page. Most bottles I have seen with the cursive “Brockway” marking, usually embossed on the base, appear to date from the 1950s-1970s period, although I don’t know the exact period of use of this mark.
  • Brody (E.O.Brody)………………… E.O. Brody Company, Cleveland, Ohio (1958-to date).  This is NOT a glass company, but a jobber/distributor of products made especially for the florist industry. See more info here.
  • Bromo-Seltzer / Emerson Drug  Co. / Baltimore, MD. (usually embossed across the face of the bottle)………………………. Bromo-Seltzer was an extremely popular drug, in the form of a powder, introduced circa 1891. For more information, please see the Bromo Seltzer page.
  • Brookfield………….(On glass insulators), Brookfield Glass Company, with factories at Brooklyn, NY and Old Bridge, NJ. See Bushwick Glass Works (Brookfield Glass Company) page.
  • Brookfield……………(On milk bottles).  See this page on the Brookfield “Baby Face” milk bottles.
  • Brooklyn Glass Bottle Works………………..Brooklyn Glass Bottle Works, Brooklyn, New York. Time period when this plant was in operation is uncertain. From the type and general style of bottle which carries the mark (early cylinder whiskey), it looks like the company was probably in operation during the 1860s or 1870s.
  • Burgin & Sons…………………………Philadelphia Glass Works, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. See “Philada Glass Works”.
  • Burnett’s Cocoaine…………………..This was actually a hair dressing made with Coconut Oil, promoted as a product guaranteed to give the hair a more luxurious, healthy appearance.  Contrary to what some collectors might assume upon finding a bottle with this embossing, the product did not contain cocaine (unlike some of the products being sold in the mid and late 1800s that did indeed contain that ingredient). First sold in 1856 by Joseph Burnett of Southborough, Massachusetts, it was a popular product for many years and was still available into the early 20th century. Several variations of the bottles exist. The glassmaker is uncertain, but it is probable that one or more bottle companies located within or near the Boston area manufactured these bottles. For more information on the Burnett products and ephemera, and photos of many of the bottle variants that are known, see this page at http://www.southboroughhistory.org/History/Burnett%20Company/Medical/History_of_Burnett_%20Med_%20Prod.htm .
  • Bushwick Glass Works………….Bushwick Glass Works, Brooklyn, New York (1864-c.1906). More commonly known under the name Brookfield Glass Company. Prolific maker of glass electrical insulators, they also made considerable quantities of bottles and jars, the great majority of which were not marked with the company name. See my webpage with more info here: Brookfield Glass Company .

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53 Responses to Glass Bottle Marks: Glass Manufacturers’ Marks

  1. Jeannine Dohnalik says:

    Looking for the manufacturer of a candy dish. Has G with looks like a lamp post running through the middle.

  2. Tamara Garza says:

    You also don’t have Longhorn Glass listed.. It is Anheuser-Busch-Inbev glass plant in Houston Texas…

  3. Tamara Garza says:

    in this ever changing world this info on this site needs update.. Saint Gobain Corporation a Glass manufacture needs added .. Saint-Gobain experienced significant success in the early 20th century. In 1918 the company expanded its manufacturing to bottles, jars, tableware and domestic glassware… But then was bought out by Ardagh in January 2013.. Now only 3 of the Anchor Plant you have listed under Anchor are with Ardagh now.. The rest are back to AGCC.. Tampa Headquarters is AGCC.. Ardagh’s North American Headquarters in in Muncie, IN (formally the Saint Gogain headquarters)..

    • Tamara Garza says:

      The AGCC Connellsville, PA location closed Nov. 5th 2004

    • David says:

      Hi Tanara,
      Thanks for the update. I will admit I am confused, but hopefully anyone searching for more information on the latest mergers and acquisitions that are rampant among the glassmaking corporate empires of the present day will be able to do some more in-depth searching online. I have edited my Anchor Hocking page slightly (concerning the six Anchor Glass Container Corporation plants being sold to KPS).
      Best regards, David

  4. Gary Nelson says:

    I have a small peacock blue open salt. On the bottom is the letter ‘B’ inside a Diamond. Outside the diamond are 4 lines. Probably fairly modern, but I would like to know who made this glass salt.

    • David says:

      Gary, please see my page on Boyd Glass. (Link is in list of articles, situated along right-hand side of any page on this site).
      Best regards,
      David

  5. Kelly dunlap says:

    I have a brown glass bottle that is embossed with an anchor and rope. The stamp on the bottom appears to be a capital I inside a diamond and oval. Also stamped are the numbers D11 and 56-42. Any info on this bottle?

    • David says:

      Kelly, the email address you supplied was incorrect, as I tried to write you directly and got a “mailer daemon”. In any case, please check out my webpage on Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Your
      bottle is a liquor bottle that held whiskey or some other type of alcoholic beverage (as indicated by the diamond/I/oval marking).

      The date code is either 56, or 42, (1956 or 1942) but not sure which on
      this type of bottle. (Usually, such as on typical soda bottles made by
      Owens-Illinois, the date code is on the RIGHT hand side of the glass-maker’s
      mark. But in this case, and as frequently seen on some other liquor bottles, it is
      uncertain. The “D-11″ is believed to refer to distillery information. Any Owens-Illinois bottle with a
      “D-number” such as D-2 or D-11 or D-26, is a liquor bottle.
      Best regards, David

  6. Julia Patrick says:

    On page one of Glass Manufacturer Marks, There is a picture of the bottom of a green glass bottle with a diamond. Who manufactured this bottle? Thank you.

    • David says:

      Hi Julia, That’s one of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company marks, used generally from 1929 to the mid and late 1950s. See may webpage with more examples of that and other O-I marks.
      ~David

  7. Everett Lafner Jr says:

    I have a large glass Basket with handlers mark on the bottom which looks like a daisy (6 petals) surrounded by a serrated like flower..similar to Fenton Glass handler Dave Vincent..I cant find the mark anywhere..help??!!??

  8. Dianna says:

    the mark of a crown…

  9. Dianna Hensley says:

    mark of a crown with a T in the middle of the crown

  10. David says:

    Hello Ken,
    Your bottle with the “H over an A” logo on the base is a product of Hazel-Atlas Glass Company. Please see my webpage on that company. Hazel-Atlas made tons of containers of every description and size over a period of many years (plus their “depression glass” from the 1920s and 1930s, and other tableware made throughout the 1940s, 50s and into the ’60s). The “B G K 5862″ may be a code number or inventory designation for that particular style or design bottle.

    The other bottle was most likely made by Obear-Nestor Glass Company of East Saint Louis, Illinois. They made many types of bottles also, in tremendous numbers. I’m not familiar with that particular bottle, but they likely produced thousands of individually different container variants over their long history. Please see my entry for the “N” and “N in a square” marks. Hope this helps,
    David

  11. Terry Queen says:

    I found a clear glass bottle with the name W T RAWLEIGH CO with a mark o inside a square on the bottom of the bottle Freeport Ill. It still had the cork in the bottle. Just curious Terry

    • David says:

      Hi Terry, Please check out my individual pages on Rawleigh, and on Owens Bottle Company (look along right-hand side of any page for article titles and links). Large numbers of the Rawleigh bottles were made over many years. Hope this helps a bit.
      Take care,
      David

  12. Mary Ann Bautista says:

    I have a small glass fingernail polish with brush / has a wooden design cap with a g on top what do you think I have. Marianne

    • David says:

      Hi Mary Ann,
      If there aren’t any marks in the glass itself, I can’t speculate on who made it, or what the “G” stands for. Perhaps a reader will recognize what brand or company this represents. Best regards,
      ~David

  13. wynola helms says:

    Federal law forbids sale or re-use of this bottle on a clear 7 inch
    Bottle. Half pint. D-768 67 (symbol) 40. Had a scre
    Type lid. . 3 1/2″ wide. 1 1/2″ thick. Is this a whiskey bottle

    • David says:

      Yes. Any of the flat flasks with a “D-number” on the bottom contained some type of liquor such as whiskey, gin, vermouth, bourbon, vodka, etc. The “symbol” you mention might be the Owens-Illinois logo? (See my page on Owens-Illinois Glass Company showing alot of those marks).
      David

  14. Dawn Lindeman says:

    I found a small clear glass bottle w/cork. It is marked w/ 31v. It looks like it has another 3 on top of the other 3. Please help me identify this bottle.

  15. Jen S. says:

    Have you heard of any Cunningham & Ihmsen bottles being marked with “C & I” in an arc on the base of the bottle rather than a straight horizontal line? I found an aqua bottle base (probably export beer, based on size and similar bottles in the area) with this mark and can’t find anything else even close to this.

    • David says:

      Hi Jen, I’m assuming you have a handmade bottle with applied/tooled lip. If so, it is certainly a product of Cunningham & Ihmsen of Pittsburgh. I’m not aware of any other glassmaker that used such a mark.
      David

  16. rookie says:

    Hello – I recently picked up a blue Ball mason jar at a barn sale, and at the neck, it says “wire side” and beside that is a backwards number 4. Does anyone know if this is a mistake, or if it is fairly common. I’ve not seen it before. I also found a blue ball mason jar glass lid that has the script Ball on it. I’ve not seen that on a lid before. Any thoughts? Thank you!

    • David says:

      I would say they are both fairly common. The “wire side” type jar is one of the so-called “lightning closure” type jars. The mold number is occasionally seen embossed backwards. Backwards embossing is seen rather often, especially on older glass insulators and bottles. Although this is considered to be an “error”, I doubt if the company was all that greatly concerned about it. The mold engraver engraved the number correctly into the inside of the iron mold, so it appears backwards on the finished product. (To have a number or letter appear correctly on the surface of a glass item, the mold engraver has to carve it backwards into the mold. Sometimes, perhaps when they were in a big hurry or under time constraints, they forgot this). David

  17. ronald boykan says:

    hi, i have a decanter, it was advertised as baccarat, but doesn’t have any baccarat markings on it that i know of…there are 2 small jagged lines on the stopper and the bottom of the decanter. any idea of its maker? thanks, ron

    • David says:

      Hi Ronald,
      I don’t have enough knowledge or familiarity with Baccarat glass to offer you an opinion. In any case, most Baccarat glass (made before 1936) is not marked. Earlier pieces may have had a paper sticker/label which is no longer present. I will guess you have already seen this article online, but for others I will post the link here:
      Authenticating Baccarat Glass . Thanks for writing.
      David

  18. JJflynn-Gorman says:

    I’m recently interested in soda bottles after finding an amber coke bottle and selling it for 99.99-was just a number I came up with cause I’d never heard of a amber one.It was a very nice gentle man who paid for it and was very excited.Since then I’ve hunted down several old soda bottles pulling them up out of the places were you would think you could find them.It’s been great.Now dating bottles is tough do to the equipment used at different times in the industrial nature of America at those times,and pat.D.My problem is should I agree with the pat.D on the crown cap design of 1892-or go with a seam that ends 3/4 of the way up?Was this new Coco-Cola bottle from Indianapolis at a time of change seam ends short but has a crown cap design-so is it 1870-80 0r 1892-1910.Since I like selling them cause my ability hunt them is great I really like to know for sure.

    • David says:

      Hello JJflynn,
      First of all, let me assure you that it can be VERY difficult, if not impossible, to date a particular soda bottle to a specific year. In your case, we can be sure that if it has the “crown style” mouth, it dates sometime after 1892. That means it could date 5, 10, 20, 30 or even more years AFTER 1892.

      If your bottle has seams that “fade out” or appear “wiped”, and do not reach the very top of the bottle, it shows it to be a hand-made bottle. Handblown bottles were continued to be made into the 1920s and even later in some cases. Some glass factories switched over to machine production much sooner than others, often depending on their financial situation.

      Be careful about accepting everything “point-blank” you read on the internet. There are sites with lots of false, or just partially true, or outright misleading information on them. For instance, the exact length of vertical mold seams on antique bottles (speaking in general, not just soda bottles). The length of a mold seam before it fades out, the position on the bottle (such as shoulder versus neck), or the percentage (such as 3/4 of the way up) CANNOT be relied on to indicate year of production.

      I’m not sure I understand what you are saying about the bottle’s origin. Is it marked with the Indianapolis city name?
      The most important piece of evidence you can find is a makers’ mark. If there is NO glass manufacturer’s mark present (if there is one, it may be very faint, along the lower heel area), then we have to go on to other characteristics, such as the mold seams, and lip type. In your case, I believe (but am not sure) that the early amber straight-sided crown-top Coke bottles date from the general time period of about 1900 to 1920. You may try searching the internet for Coca Cola bottles sites with more specific info on the earlier “straight-sides” bottles.

      Can you email me a photo of the bottle, and of the markings (if possible) to the email address given at the very bottom of any page on this site.
      Thanks alot, David
      (NOTE): a reply/ more text on this thread is posted in the comments section of “Page 3″ of the Glass Bottle Marks pages here: Glass Bottle Marks – Page 3″>

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  20. Myles Schubert says:

    I found a bottle at a local river recently and can not identify it. The writing on the sides says Highland Bottling Company, Quality Our Motto, Balto, MD. The bottom of the bottle reads SJ&S. I have never heard of this mark. The bottom sides of the bottle read 236 B 4, 7 Oz fluid Rec. Has anybody heard of this mark or the Highland Bottling Company?

    • David says:

      Hi Myles,
      I don’t know anything about the bottle, but am posting your query here. Hopefully someone may have more info for you. I am guessing that the “S J & S” are initials for the actual business firm (such as the last names of three co-proprietors) that owned/operated the Highland Bottling Company. I don’t think it stands for a glass company name, although I could be wrong.
      Best regards,
      David

  21. Luke says:

    What glass bottle mark is that on the very first picture at the top of the page?? I just found a bottle outside my house with the same mark and would love to know the origin!

    • David says:

      Hi Luke,
      I am assuming you mean the “L in a square”? Details on “page two” here: Glass Bottle Marks–2. Also, on the right is the base of a bottle made by Fairmount Glass Company (F in a hexagon).
      ~David

      • Luke says:

        Nope I am talking about the top of page 1 a-e there is a mark on green glass that looks like a 0 with a ring around it.

        • David says:

          Luke, I thought you meant one of the 3 random rotating “header” photos that appear at the very top of every page on this site. OK, now I know what you mean. The mark was used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, and for some more info and a number of different pictures of that mark, please check out this page: Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
          Hope this helps~
          Thanks! David

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  23. eileen jones says:

    i have a rectangular green glass container w a wooden lid marked waterline.wondering what it is and what it is worth. paid $15 at a tag sale recently no on bottom kxg7

  24. Hilary says:

    Hi all I have a glass jar with coloured flowers on it, and a brown wooden twist top, It has a stamp of two deers facing each other, and a number has anyone seen this stamp, or know which country it was made in and year ?.

    • David says:

      Hilary, I’m posting your query, so perhaps someone landing on this site might have more info. I don’t know anything about it. It seems I have heard about a logo with 2 deer facing each other, but have no info on this mark.
      David

  25. I found a green glass 10 ounce bottle about 7and three quarter inches tall. The top half of the bottle is rough glass, like pock marks. The top is inscribed with 10 FL OZ. Beneath this is NO DEPOSIT. On the otherside of the top is written 10 FL OZ. with NO RETURN written below. On the bottom it has a C NOT TO BE REFILLED 67 in a semi circle. Beneath the words TO BE I see 2 small vertical lines with 2 small horizontal lines to the right of them. Near the 67 I see II : The only other mark I see appears to be a very small letter in a circle. I think the bottle must have had a label, thus no engraving on the bottle to identify the product. Can you help? Thanks

    • David says:

      Carol, I am assuming it is a soda bottle. The “67” is probably a date code for 1967. The “very small letter in a circle” is probably the glass manufacturers’ mark. For instance, if it is a C in a circle, that would be Chattanooga Glass Company, if it is an “I in a circle” (or oval), that would be Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Yes, it would have had a paper label on the side. Sounds typical of “No Deposit / No Return” marked bottles (soda and beer) which were very prevalent during the 1960s and 1970s.
      David

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