Glass Bottle Marks: Glass Manufacturers’ Marks – Page 1

GLASS BOTTLE MARKS ~~~~ GLASS MANUFACTURERS’ MARKS ON BOTTLES & OTHER GLASSWARE ~  Page 1

 

                [ A – B ]          [ C – D ]        [ E – L ]        [ M – R ]        [ S – Z ]

       

Owens-Illinois Glass Company "Diamond / oval/ I" mark.

Owens-Illinois Glass Company “Diamond / oval/ I” mark, as seen on a green bottle base shard from 1952.

      Welcome!  I’m interested in the history of the glass industry in the United States, especially concerning the manufacturing of bottles, electrical insulators and tableware.   On these five pages I’ve attempted to compile a list of glass manufacturers’ marks found on (primarily) American bottles and jars. These glass bottle marks are sometimes called “punt marks”, especially within the bottle-making trade.  (Click here to check another collector’s site that lists a few Australian and English marks). Also included are a few marks, emblems and logos seen on other types of glassware including tableware and industrial glass items such as railroad lantern lenses. Entries on some of the more commonly encountered brand and company names (for instance, Bromo-Seltzer) seen embossed on bottles are also included, as I frequently get questions about them.

Note: the picture above left is that of the trademark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company from 1929 into the mid- and late 1950s.  This is a typical example, as seen on the bottom of an emerald green bottle with a date code of 1952.  It was made at their main glass plant (plant #7) located at Alton, Illinois.    I receive more inquiries about this mark than any other shown on the site, so I’m picturing it here at the beginning of the  five “Glass Bottle Marks” alphabetical listings pages.  It is listed as “Diamond and oval superimposed (entwined) with I in center” although oftentimes, especially on smaller bottles, the center “I” is poorly delineated or virtually illegible.

Note: For a very brief, basic discussion on the material “glass”, (without a lot of scientific “jargon”), please check out my new webpage here: What is glass?? . 

Also, please note: When searching these pages, it may be helpful to press the CTRL+F keys (Find) on your computer keyboard to scan more quickly for a specific glass factory name, city and/or state name, or initials contained within the text.

Attention: For a very informative, comprehensive site with lots of detailed discussion on various aspects of antique bottles, including their many types, colors, methods of manufacture, uses, and clues to dating them, I strongly encourage you to check out Bill Lindsey’s Historic Glass Bottle Identification and Information Website  (hosted by Sha.org).  His site is a MONUMENTAL “work in progress”, and has a wealth of great information posted!!

The majority of the marks listed here are found on older bottles, but commonly seen trademarks used by present-day glass manufacturing concerns in the United States are also included. This site primarily lists marks seen on bottles made in the United States, although I do have a number of marks listed from other countries as well. There are many, many glass manufacturing companies located around the world that have made untold billions of glass containers and other types of glassware, and my list shows only a small percentage of marks that might be encountered worldwide. 

Also, please realize that there are a number of marks I list here that could potentially stand for an unrelated company from another country. For instance, in the case of some marks such as “G inside a circle” or “S inside a circle”, very similar marks, in fact basically identical, were also used by totally unrelated companies outside the US.  So it would be good to take into account,  if possible, the provenance of a particular bottle you found, and whether the mark might actually pertain to an entirely unrelated concern based in another part of the world. 

The reference book “Bottle Makers and their Marks” by Julian Toulouse (1971) which this list is based on (discussed farther down on this page) contains an appendix listing of glass marks used by glass companies around the world, most of which are not listed here. Although the marks listed in his book were in use around the time the book was printed, it can still be very useful for finding worldwide marks, as some have not changed for decades.   

For a comprehensive list of present day (or very recently used) glass bottle manufacturers’ marks from around the world, you might also wish to check out the following link showing many of the more recent marks (properly called “punt marks” on their website) which are sometimes seen on bottles imported to the United States.  Click here to access a page on the Bucher Emhart Glass site with a link to a recently updated .pdf file illustrating many glass container marks used around the world: Bucher Emhart media center – punt marks database.

A website that I would heartily recommend, devoted to dairy-related antiques, is “dairyantiques.com” which I understand (as of 2017) is no longer “live” on the internet. However, using the “Wayback Machine” internet archive, please try viewing the site at the following link. I would encourage any milk bottle collectors to try searching their list of marks here:  Milk Bottle Marks .

Another webpage which I recommend, especially to collectors of tableware and art glass, illustrates many glassmakers’ marks frequently seen on carnival glassware and other upscale glass. Although some of these marks are listed on my site, some of them are not.  So be sure to check out  Carnival Glass Marks  !  

Another site with an extensive list of marks is here:  http://www.carnivalheaven.com/carnivalglass103/id76.htm .

Here is another site, this one specializing on information concerning shotglasses:  Marks seen on shotglasses .  Most, if not all, of the marks illustrated there are frequently seen on other types of glassware as well, which makes the page quite helpful to a broader spectrum of collecting fields.

ANTIQUE BEER & ALE BOTTLES

Researcher/historian  Tod Von Mechow has compiled a large quantity of in-depth information on antique beer bottles, including both pottery and glass bottles. I would encourage anyone interested in makers’ marks on beer bottles (and soda bottles) to check out his site….. he has a very extensive list with alot of great material on obscure glass and pottery companies here: http://www.sodasandbeers.com/SABBottleManufBeerSoda.htm


Usually embossed on the base, marks may also appear on the lower heel area on certain types of bottles, especially sodas. On earlier flasks, fruit jars, and soda bottles, and especially examples produced in the mid-nineteenth century period (1840s-1860s), the full factory name or initials may be embossed across the front.

This list primarily includes marks that represent the actual glass company that made the container. Many marks are encountered that indicate the company whose product was contained within it, or are trademarks (“brand names”) that give no indication of who actually made the glass, and those are (with quite a few exceptions) , not included in my list.  

From the standpoint of most collectors of antique bottles, the name and location of the company the bottle was made for, and the name of the product that was originally contained in the bottle (one or both of which may be embossed on the bottle) is often considered to be of more interest or importance than the glass factory where the bottle was actually manufactured.   However, this site is geared with more emphasis on the actual glassmakers themselves. Hopefully this database will be of some help to those who are attempting to assign an approximate date range to a particular bottle, assuming it carries an identifiable glass manufacturer’s mark. 

NOTE: If initial(s) embossed on the base of a bottle match a firm name (other than a glass factory) on the front, the basemark will more than likely not be a glass manufacturer’s mark and so may not be listed here. This is very frequently the case, especially with soda, mineral water, beer and other bottles of the 1880-1930 period, in which the initial(s) of the “end user” (such as the bottler, brewery, drug manufacturer, or other firm for which the bottle was made) appear embossed on the base.

Please keep in mind that some marks (esp. initials of early glass companies) may vary slightly in appearance and punctuation from one bottle to another. For instance, they sometimes occur with or without periods after each letter. These variations in punctuation were common and probably reflected the whim of the mold engraver, thus having little or no importance (i.e. for assigning date ranges) especially on marks of pre-1900 bottles. For the most part, I have not attempted to list fine distinctions for marks that are found both with and without periods.

Another source of confusion was the common practice of engraving the “G” (especially in the 1880-1920 period) to appear very close in similarity to a “C”, the only difference between the two being a small “tail” pointing in a downward or “southeasterly” direction on the lower right-hand side of the letter G. Thus, the mark “A.B.G.M.Co.” might be misconstrued to read “A.B.C.M.Co.” Also, the abbreviation “Co” (Company) sometimes may be found embossed with either an upper- or lower-case “O” on various bottles made by the same manufacturer.


Many bottles carry only a number (or numbers) on the base. These marks usually served as some type of mold identification, indicating a particular mold used by a glass factory. If a number of identical molds were produced for making a certain type of bottle, they would often be serially numbered (such as 1 to 12). Some numbers served as date codes, or as some other type of internal code used by the factory. In the great majority of cases, bottles with only numbers on the base are difficult, if not impossible, to attribute to a specific glass maker.  See my webpage here with more info on numbers seen on bottles.


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I will occasionally be adding more data to these pages as I uncover more accurate information. The info presented on this site is the most accurate I’ve been able to find at present, but any comments (pro or con), clarifications or corrections (preferably backed up with reliable source information) would be sincerely appreciated! Because of the volume of emails I receive, I may or may not respond to questions about marks not listed here. You are more than welcome to contact me, but please be aware that I’m not an appraisal service, and I may not respond to queries along the general lines of “what is this jar worth?” and “is this bottle worth the hassle of listing on ebay?”.   

Generally speaking,  I may not be able to answer questions concerning bottles with only mold or catalog numbers embossed on the base. (Please see my webpage on numbers on the bottom of bottles) THOUSANDS of bottles carry only a number on the base (or heel),  and this information (in most cases) does not help ID the source or age…………. nearly all glass factories used mold numbers on their containers at one time or another.  However, the general style, shape, manufacturing technique used, and glass color of a container can give strong clues to approximate age.

Much of the basic information here on  the “Marks” pages comes from research by Julian H. Toulouse published in his classic, indispensable and ground-breaking reference work Bottle Makers and their Marks (1971).  That 624-page book is the best reference work ever published on glass manufacturers’ marks on bottles, but it does contain quite a few errors which have been discovered over the last several decades since it’s publication.


Other sources of information I have used (including reference books, magazine articles, websites, and in some cases, email or voice communications) would include: Helen McKearin,  Rhea Mansfield Knittle,  Stephen Van Rennselaer,  Harry Hall White,  Alice Creswick,  Dick Roller, William S. Walbridge,  Cecil Munsey,  Roger Peters,  Gene Blasi,   Adeline Pepper,  Arthur G. Peterson,  Bob Stahr,  Fred Padgett,  Rex L. Wilson,  John O’Dell,  Bill Lockhart,  Jeffrey L. Giarde,  David Bethman,  Betty Zumwalt,  Jay W. Hawkins,  Peter R. Guetig,  Conrad Selle,  Tod Von Mechow, Don Dzuro,  Johnnie W. Fletcher,  Norman “Ted” Oppelt,  Dick Cole,  Harvey Teal,  Dean Six,  Tom Neff,  Albert Morin,  John P. Adams, Philip K. Huggins,  Jack K. Paquette,  Bill Lindsey,  Carol Serr, Mark Newton, and Lee Brewer, as well as many others.  (Eventually, I may add a page on this site with lists of books by some of the above-named persons which I found to be of most value.  In the meantime, you might try an internet search for more information on these names……there is a wealth of information out there, with many books in libraries and/or online pertaining to glass history, antique glass collecting, glass container manufacturing, and related fields).    

 This site also utilizes, to some degree, my own research and observations over several years of collecting & studying antique bottles, insulators and other glassware.  I hope this list will be of assistance to those interested in antique bottles and other glass containers made in the United States and the history behind the factories that manufactured them.  

I am striving to add more articles on this site relating to glass and glass collecting, both of a general nature, and addressing certain collecting “niches”, as time and energy permits!  I hope you will return often to this site!! THANK YOU!!


NOTICE: (this paragraph updated July 26, 2018). It has been increasingly more difficult to keep up with answering emails and posts concerning glass bottle markings and related information.  I receive emails virtually every day. In about 40 to 50 percent of the cases, after I answer a query by email, I do not receive the slightest reply or acknowledgement, not even a brief “thank you”. (I believe a lot of the replies are ending up in the recipients’ email “SPAM” or “TRASH” folders. If you send me a query please always check your spam or “junk mail” folders in case an email was not directed to your ” INBOX”! )

Because of this I am going to have to stop answering all but questions of the very widest interest to the collecting public. If it’s a question that is already answered somewhere on this site, then a *keyword search* will have to suffice (look along the top right-hand area of any page for the search box), and I may not reply with an individual answer. I apologize if you write to me via email, or post on one of these pages and do not get a personalized reply!

Often, I simply don’t know the answers to a lot of questions that are sent to me.  The wide world of glass and bottle collecting is a TREMENDOUS field and there are many, many unanswered questions still out there concerning bottle markings, bottle manufacturers’ histories, etc. 

I should mention that only a small percentage of comments received are actually published on this site, since if every one was answered and published, my site would soon be loaded down with thousands of comments that could cause the pages to load more slowly for those with slower or older computers. 

Thank you very much!    David


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       [ A – B ]          [ C – D ]          [ E – L ]         [ M – R ]           [ S – Z ]

        • A…………………The letter “A” is sometimes merely a mold letter (identifying a particular mold used by a glass factory). If it is an abbreviation for a glass factory, it could stand for one of several companies. One possibility: Agnew & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1854-1894+). See “A & CO.” mark. Another possibility would be Adams & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1861-1891). Originally Adams, Macklin & Company (1851-1861), they did manufacture at least one type of fruit jar circa 1866, lettered “Adams & Co./Manufacturers/Pittsburgh,Pa.” on the front. However, the great bulk of their glass production seems to have been pressed pattern glass and high-quality tableware and novelties, especially throughout the later years of their operation. In 1891, they joined the merger known as the United States Glass Company. Note: If the bottle is machine-made, the letter “A” would indicate a much more recent company, perhaps Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date). See “A.G.C. in state of Arkansas”.
        • A (stylized triangle with “A” as central motif)………….Arkansas Glass Container Corporation (Arkansas Glass), Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date).  I am not positive this mark has actually been used on containers. It has been displayed on their website. If you have up-to-date information on this mark, please contact me!

          American Can Company – Glass Division  logo (photo courtesy Krisse Hale)

        • A (stylized design – hard to describe – see photo at right)…………. American Can Company – Glass Division (1962-c.1967). Successor to American-Wheaton.  Bought out later by Midland (see Midland mark – stylized M, frequently seen on the bottom of stubby type beer bottles).
        • A & CO…………Adams & Company, Pittsburgh, PA (1861-1891) and/or  Agnew & Company, also of Pittsburgh (c.1854-1894+).   1) Adams & Company is considered as the most likely producer of several “Clasped Hands” figured flasks from the 1860s bearing this mark on the front,  as attributed by Jay Hawkins, researcher on early Pittsburgh glassmakers.  If so, they were produced in the early years of that company before they began to concentrate (primarily) on pattern glass tableware.   2) In reference to Agnew & Company, there was a series of glass companies in the Pittsburgh area in which the Agnew family was involved, beginning as early as 1842 with Chambers & Agnew. Later, approximately 1854, the firm became John Agnew & Company (1854-1870); then, John Agnew & Son (1871-1876) and later simply Agnew & Company (1876-1892+). The most recent incarnation seems to have been “The Agnew Company”, which was in operation in 1894 (a bottle catalog from this company exists, dated 1894) which may have continued on for some time afterwards. Jars that are marked “JOHN AGNEW & SON / PITTSBURG PA” presumably date from about 1871 to 1876, and those marked “AGNEW & CO / PITTSBURG PA” would date from c. 1876 into the early 1890s.  Also, please see “A”  and “Agnew & Co”. entries.
        • A in a circle………Armstrong Cork Company (Glass Division), Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Millville, New Jersey [former Whitall Tatum Co. plant] ; Dunkirk, Indiana [former Hart Glass Mnfg Co. plant]. Mark was used from 1938-1969 on bottles and insulators. If there is a line underneath the “circled A”, this indicates the bottle was produced at the Dunkirk plant.
        • A in a diamond…….Unknown
        • A , entwined with a bird emblem with wings outstretched; appears as if flying through the “A”.  The logo actually represents a crow (a play on the company name) with glass marbles clutched in it’s talons and beak, but may be mistaken for an eagle or other bird of prey…………………..Akro Agate Company, Akron, Ohio (1910-1914) and Clarksburg, West Virginia (1914-1951).  Maker of toy glass marbles as well as ashtrays, vases, children’s dishes and many other unusual novelty items. Akro Agate items are found in a wide variety of opaque and “slag” (marbled, multicolored) glass.

          A / L / 55 - Unknown marking on dark olive green bottle

          A / L / 55 – Unknown marking on dark olive green bottle (pic courtesy David Hubbard)

        • A  /  L  /  55 (Unknown manufacturer – see pic). This marking is on the base of a handblown “three-piece mold” dark olive green liquor bottle, with a label for W. Williams & Company, Aberdeen, Scotland, which was in business c.1897-1919. The bottle itself may be American, as the bottle was filled with whisky (in Chicago) that had been shipped over in casks from Scotland.  Either the “A” or the “L” could be the first initial of the unknown glassmaker.
        • A. Arbogast, Pitts…………..Alexander Arbogast / Arbogast & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  (c. 1860-c.1863).   Mark is pictured in Bottles on the Western Frontier by Rex L. Wilson (1981:113), seen on a cylinder whiskey. See “Arbogast & Co. Pitts Pa”.
        • A B (letters are not connected)………………uncertain, either American Bottle Company or Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company.  Please see AB (connected) page, “AB (connected) Co”,  and “A.B.CO” entries.

          "AB-Connected"mark - on base of beer bottle.

          “AB-Connected” mark – on base of beer bottle.

        • AB (letters connected, shown) ………………….. Please see this page where this mark is discussed in more detail.
        • AB (letters connected) Co…………….. uncertain: either American Bottle Company (1905-1929) or  Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company (1886-c.1926).   Also, please see this page, and “A.B.CO.”  mark.
        • A B & Co (as seen on the base of blackglass ale or wine bottles)……….. Unknown maker.  This mark has been seen on blackglass (very dark olive green or olive amber) bottles that appear to be from Great Britain, and probably date from sometime in the 1860-1900 time period. (There is no relation of this mark to the “A B CO” mark used by American Bottle Company). The letters are rather crudely and largely embossed, and arranged in a circular orientation on the bottom of the bottle. The bottles have been occasionally reported from such farflung places as Suriname and Cuba, and were evidently exported around the world from Great Britain in the mid / late nineteenth century. If you have info on other places these bottles have been found, please contact me.  These bottles are similar in general appearance to the blackglass “C W & CO” bottles which are likely from another unidentified bottle maker in Victorian-era England.
        • A.B.C……………..Atlantic Bottle Company, Brackenridge, Pennsylvania (c.1916-1930). First only a distributor (pre-1916), Atlantic was later an actual manufacturer of bottles. The Brackenridge plant was purchased by Owens-Illinois in 1930.
        • A.B.CO……………….. American Bottle Company (1905-1929). Chicago, Illinois (office – 1905-1916); Toledo, Ohio (office – 1916-1929).  Glass plants were located at Streator, Illinois;  Newark, Ohio;  Belleville, Illinois;  Massillon, Ohio  &  Wooster, Ohio.  The American Bottle Company was purchased by Owens Bottle Machine Company in 1916 (with some of the plants being closed soon afterwards) but the Streator and Newark plants continued to operate under the American Bottle Co. name until 1929, when they became part of the merger that resulted in Owens-Illinois Glass Company. (For Streator and Newark plant marks from 1916 to 1929, see “17N” and “16S” entries). Most, if not all, of the “AB”, “AB CO.” and “A.B.CO.” marked bottles are believed to date between 1905 and 1916. However, it is possible that some bottles with these markings might date between 1916 and 1929, but, if so, could only have been made at either the Streator or Newark plants.  See also “AB (letters connected)” page, here.
        • A.B.G.CO…………..Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company, see “A.B.G.M.CO.” Also, see the “AB (connected)” mark on this page.
        • A.B.G.C.ST.L……….Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company (Presumably produced at their St. Louis glass factory location post-1891). See next entry.
        • A.B.G.M.CO…………Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg. Company, plants at Belleville, Illinois (1886-c.1905) and St.Louis, MO (c.1891-c. 1926). The Belleville factory became part of American Bottle Company c.1905.  (See AB (connected) and A.B.CO. marks).   ABGMCO produced huge quantities of beer bottles for Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association, but also beer bottles for other brewers and bottlers, as well as other types of containers including soda bottles and wax sealer style fruit jars.  Without the original label intact, it would be difficult or impossible to be sure what brand of beer any particular bottle marked “A.B.G.M.CO.” originally contained.
        • A.B.G.M.CO. ST. L………….. Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Company, bottles made at their St. Louis plant location.  See above entry, and AB Connected mark.    
        • Acorn logo used by Bellaire Bottle Company, Bellaire, Ohio

          Acorn logo used by Bellaire Bottle Company, Bellaire, Ohio

          Acorn logo (shown, as seen on the base of a small medicine bottle)………Bellaire Bottle Company (Works), Bellaire, Ohio (1882-1922). Logo is occasionally seen on the base of handblown clear glass prescription/medicine bottles.  This logo possibly dates from the earlier years of the company, perhaps up to circa 1895.  (Thanks to David Bethman for emailing me with info on the source of this mysterious acorn mark!) He reports that the mark appears on a Bellaire Bottle Company letterhead shown in a reference book by Scott Tyson called “Glass Houses of the 1800s” (1971).  For an article with more extensive background material on Bellaire Bottle Company, check out this .pdf file by researcher Bill Lockhart et al:  https://sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/Bellaire.pdf

        • Adlam’s Patent (on base of jars)…….. Several different jars are known with such embossings as “ADLAM’S PATENT” or “PAT. GLASS PAIL / BOSTON MASS” on base.  They came with unusual metal screw lids;  some lids are marked “ADLAM PATENT PAIL”. Patents were issued to Samuel Adlam, Jr. of Boston.  These jars evidently date from the 1880s or 1890s. Currently, the glass manufacturer that made these jars is unknown / unidentified.
        • A. & D. H. C. ………Alexander & David H. Chambers, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1843-c.1889). This was one of the most prolific glass companies in Pittsburgh during the mid-to-late 1800s. Huge quantities of bottles, flasks, and fruit jars were made, as well as window glass. Many local, regional, and nationally distributed sodas, mineral waters, beers, bitters, tonics, and other types of products were packaged in bottles made by A&DHC. Most commonly, bottles with this mark seem to date from the 1870s and 1880s, but the mark was probably in use at least from around the start of the Civil War, perhaps a bit earlier.
        • Adams & Co…………. See “A” entry.

          AG - ARCYA Glass Corporation

          AG – ARCYA Glass Corporation

        • AG (stylized letters joined together as a circle, as shown)……………. Arcya Glass Corporation, Calamba, Laguna, Phillipines (1966-to date).  Exact timeline for this mark is uncertain.
        • AG (stylized letters forming an anchor)……..Anchor Glass Container Corporation. See “Anchor….” entry, farther down on this page.
        • A G C (letters are diagonally arranged, oriented from “Northwest” to “Southeast”)……….Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, AR (1948-to-date).

          Arkansas Glass Container

          Arkansas Glass Container Corporation- mark on base of “round”- a typical “generic” clear glass packer jar for mayo, jam, etc. This jar made circa 2009.

        • A G C (within outline of state of Arkansas) ………… Arkansas Glass Container Corporation, Jonesboro, Arkansas (1948-to date)
        • A. G. CO………………. Evidently used by at least three different glass companies including: Atlanta Glass Company, Atlanta, Georgia (1887-c.1892), Annapolis Glass Company, Annapolis, Maryland (1885-c.1887) and Alexandria Glass Company, Alexandria, Virginia (1905-1916). The mark appears on the base of certain liquor flasks, soda bottles and other types of containers. Also, on the face of certain fruit jars, the initials “A.G.CO.” might stand for the American Grocery Company. For much more in-depth analysis of this mark and several related marks, (detailing different types of bottles that carry this mark, and info on which companies are more likely candidates for attribution to a specific type of container), please check out “The A.G.Co Logo” (Bill Lockhart et al), a pdf file,  here: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/AGCo.pdf
        • Agnew & CO…………See “A & CO.”
        • Agnew & Son………..See “A & CO.”
        • A.G.W……………..in some cases, American Glass Works, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1905). This company, which was officially known as “American Glass Works, Limited” after 1880, MAY have produced some glass marked “A.G.W.” during the time period of 1866-1880, although I am not aware of any definitive proof that they did. American Glass Works reportedly manufactured mostly window glass prior to 1880. After 1880, the mark was most frequently “A.G.W.L.”, although various bottles that date after 1880 (such as certain hutchinson sodas, and aqua coffin or “shoofly” flasks) do carry “A.G.W.”(no L) so I tend to believe that both mark variants were used, at times, during the 1880-1905 period. (See next two entries).
        • A.G.W……………..American Glass Works, Richmond, Virginia (1908-1925) and Paden City, West Virginia (1918-c.1935). Bottles (especially crown-closure soda bottles) of the teens and 1920s from the VA and surrounding area with “A.G.W.” marked on the base are virtually certain to be products of this company (not to be confused with the earlier American Glass Works of Pittsburgh, an unrelated company). Machine-made bottles date after 1916 (Toulouse 1971:23). The Richmond plant burned in 1925 and was not rebuilt. This company also reportedly used an “A in a circle” mark on some bottles. In any case, that mark was primarily used by the Armstrong Cork Company from 1938 to 1969.
        • A.G.W.L……………American Glass Works, Limited, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1880-1905). Advertisements exist which show this company produced a large line of Hutchinson type soda bottles, as well as many other bottles including beers and mineral waters. The mark “A.G.W.L.” which appears on the heel of many Hutchinsons can be definitely attributed to this company. Please see the above two entries on “A.G.W.”

          AHK mark on base of emerald green Sprite soda bottle

          AHK mark on base of emerald green 1977 “No Deposit~No Refill” Sprite soda bottle

        • A H K………Alexander H. Kerr & Company, Altoona, Kansas (1909-1912); Sand Springs, Oklahoma (1912-19??); later plants at Huntington, West Virginia (1933-19??); Santa Ana, California (1943-19??) and several other locations. Business offices in Los Angeles after 1919. This trademark was used from c. 1944-1992 and is more commonly seen on the bottoms of commercial “packer ware”, i.e.  jars and bottles for pre-packaged products sold at retail, as opposed to fruit jars made by Kerr for home canning.  Also see Kerr Glass Manufacturing Corporation.
        • Albany Glass Works…………Albany Glass Works, Albany, New York. Two types of historical flasks with the bust of Washington on them, lettered with this company name, are believed to have been manufactured sometime in the 1820s. HOWEVER, the great majority of flasks which are found with this inscription are modern reproductions dating after the 1930s, with most having been produced up into the 1960s or 1970s or even later. If you have a flask with the marking “Albany Glass Works”, it is best to assume it is a repro until proven otherwise!

          American National Can Company

          American National Can Company

        • American  National Can Company (198?-2000) emblem. This particular mark was used from 1988 to 1995.  The mark (shown in pic) is hard to classify, so I’ve pictured it on this page. This was photographed on the base of a colorless non-returnable 16-ounce soda bottle with a 1991 date code. Please also see “triangular logo” (which might be construed as a highly abstract “sailboat” representation) on page five.
        • A.M.F.& CO……..Adelbert M. Foster & Company, Boston & Chicago (1873-1928). This company is connected with D.F.& Co.
        • AMPAK ………………….. mark seen on base of clear whiskey flask, apparently of very recent manufacture (c. 2000+).  Ampak, based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, maker/distributor of both glass and plastic containers.
        • AM. TEL. & TEL. CO. (On glass telephone insulators)…………… American Telephone & Telegraph Company (formed in 1885), now known as “A T & T Corporation”, a subsidiary of parent company A T & T, Inc..   Most of the insulators marked with these initials are “toll” (long distance) style units, classed as “CD 121” in the Consolidated Design numbering system used by collectors. They were made by several glass manufacturers, including Hemingray Glass Company,  Brookfield Glass Company, and others. They primarily date from the 1895 to 1915 period.
        • Anchor, or Anchor & chain (embossed design) on mouth-blown flasks……………….The pictorial representation of an anchor appears on many liquor flasks spanning (approximately) the 1830-1910 period, and many of these seem to be found in the general Baltimore, Maryland area. It is certain they were made by more than one glassmaker. Baltimore Glass Works certainly made some of them, and no doubt other glass companies in the Baltimore area also made them. The anchor can be placed either on the base, or on the front of the bottle. A variety of these would make an interesting collection in and of themselves.
        • Anchorglass (one word)…………..trademark used by Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation. Not sure on exact years used, but this name appears on paper or foil labels attached to tableware from the 1950s era.
        • Anchor/H……………………….Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation.
        • Anchor Hocking………………..see webpage here.
        • Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation "Anchor and H entwined" logo

          Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation “Anchor and H entwined” logo

          Anchor and letter “H” entwined logo (shown)……..Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio and other plant locations (1937-to date).   More info here. 

          Anchor inside a rectangle mark used by Anchor Hocking. This is the mark on the base of the Sundae glass shown on this page.

          Anchor inside a rectangle – another mark used by Anchor Hocking.

        • Anchor within a rectangle   (shown)………Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, Lancaster, Ohio & other locations. (1937-to date).  This mark used since about 1968.   See Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation page.

          Anchor Glass Container Corporation

          Anchor Glass Container Corporation – (logo of letters AG in the form of an anchor – this mark is seen on containers)

        • Anchor logo (pictured: stylized angular “AG” letters, forming an anchor)……………..Anchor Glass Container Corporation, Tampa, Florida [head office], plants at Salem, NJ; Connellsville, PA; Winchester, IN; Shakopee, MN; Henryetta, OK; Jacksonville, FL; Elmira, NY; Warner-Robins, GA and Lawrenceburg, IN (1983-to date).   (Anchor Glass Container Corporation was “spun off” from Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation in 1983).   AGCC has produced vast quantities of bottles and jars…………..liquor bottles,  food containers, etc.    For more info on Anchor Hocking Glass marks, click here. 
        • Angel above crown logo……….Kerr Glass Manufacturing Company, Portland, Oregon and other locations. Logo used on base of jelly jars and other glass items. Sometimes it is hard to be sure what the “angel” graphic is supposed to represent.
        • A & P ……………Uncertain. Reported on the base of a sauce bottle (a Worcestershire Sauce “lookalike” brand) dating circa 1880s. In this case the mark is probably that of the food product maker or distributor, and not that of the glass maker.
        • Arbogast & Co. Pitts. PA…………………Arbogast & Company (Alexander Arbogast), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c. 1860-c.1863). See “A. Arbogast” entry. Obscure manufacturer that specialized in blackglass bottles. More detailed information on this operation (and many others) can be found in Glasshouses and Glass Manufacturers in the Pittsburgh Region 1795-1910 (2009) by Jay W. Hawkins.
        • Arcoroc…………………………Brand name used by Arc International, France, for their commercial-grade glassware. See ARCOROC glass page. 
        • Ardagh Group (see U symbol, shown on page 5).

          Anchor Glass Container Corporation - New Mark

          Anchor Glass Container Corporation – New Mark

        • Arrow (pointing downward)……………………………………………Anchor Glass Container Corporation (1983-to date). Although this mark appears to be another version of a “stylized anchor logo”, I would also characterize it as a “downward pointing arrow”. The mark might be loosely compared to a “horizontally widened” plumb bob logo.  This is the most recent mark used by Anchor Glass Container on their glass bottles, and typically appears on the lower heel area of the container.  I have seen it on bottles since at least 2017, but I don’t know exactly when it was phased in on bottle molds. (Perhaps 2014??). If you have information on when this mark was instituted, please advise. My inquiry to AGCC received no response.  Anchor Glass Container Corporation is based in Tampa, FL (business headquarters) with 6 glass bottle manufacturing plants (as of 2019) located at:  Shakopee, Minnesota; Lawrenceburg, Indiana; Elmira, New York; Henryetta, Oklahoma; Warner Robins, Georgia and Jacksonville, Florida. Two support locations (mold fabrication, equipment repair, etc) at Zanesville, Ohio and Streator, Illinois, were closed in 2018.  For more info on this company and related companies, please see the “Anchor” marks, shown above, and my page on Anchor Hocking Glass Company. 
        • Atlas (on fruit jar)……….Atlas Glass Company, Washington, Pennsylvania (1896-1902), and the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, Wheeling, West Virginia and other plant locations. (1902-1964)
        • Atlas / H-A /  Mason…………………..Hazel-Atlas Glass Company.
        • Atterbury/Atterbury’s Patent June 30, 1863…………….(on fruit jars) Atterbury & Company  (J.S. & T. B. Atterbury).
        • Avon…………………………Please see my webpage on AVON BOTTLES here.  A brief discussion of Avon bottles including the glass figural bottles (such as the cars, etc) is presented there.
        • A W inside an oval…………………………..American-Wheaton Glass Corporation, Terre Haute, Indiana (mark used approx. 1959-1962). Short-lived merger/reorganization. Later became American Can Company, Glass products division (1962-1967), and then Midland Glass Company in 1968. Midland was based in Cliffwood, New Jersey but also operated plants at Shakopee, MN as well as the Terre Haute facility.
        • A. & W. ………………probably Agnews & Wilcox, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1869).
        • B (as seen on glass electrical insulators, NOT bottles)………… Brookfield Glass Company, Brooklyn, NY and Old Bridge, NJ.  A single letter “B” appears on many “beehive style” glass telegraph insulators, positioned immediately below the wire groove that encircles the insulator.  The letter is often very faint, and easily overlooked. There may or may not be a letter or number on the top of the insulator, but on these particular examples, there are no other markings on the “skirt” of the insulator other than a lone “B”. On these insulators, the “B” positively identifies the insulator to be a product of the Brookfield Glass Company (Bushfield Glass Works), and most of these beehive style insulators date from the c. 1900-1920 period.  Please see my page on the Brookfield Glass Company for more background information.
        • B (on certain handblown bottles, c.1910 or earlier)…………Uncertain. In some cases, perhaps Buck Glass Company. See next several entries. The letter “B”, in some cases, might be just a mold identifier letter, with no indication of the glassmaker.
        • B (with 2 serifs)…………….sometimes Brockway Glass Company, Brockway, Pennsylvania (1907-1988). See “B in a circle“.
        • B (with 2 serifs)……often the Chas. Boldt Company, (also at times known as Chas Boldt Glass Company or Chas Boldt Glass Manufacturing Company), Cincinnati, Ohio and Huntington, West Virginia, at least on many of their early liquor bottles and other ware made in the circa 1900-1919 period. NOTE : Manufacturer attributions of bottles with a “B” on the base are very confusing and (in my opinion) not completely certain. More information on the Chas. Boldt marks can be found here .
        • B (without serifs)………….in some cases, perhaps Buck Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland (c.1909-1961). Buck Glass was sold to Knox Glass, Inc. in 1961.
        • Ball Glass Container CorpB in cursive script (shown)………Ball Glass Container Corporation, subsidiary of Ball Corporation. This mark used on some containers 1994-1995. See Ball Bros Glass Company.

          B in a circle - Brockway Glass Company mark.

          B in a circle – Brockway Glass Company mark.

        • B in a circle (shown)…………….Brockway Machine Bottle Company (1907-1933) which became Brockway Glass Company (1933-1988), Brockway, Pennsylvania. This mark used from circa 1925 to 1988.  See B in a circle page.

          B in a diamond (on base of aqua pickle bottle) - Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York

          B in a diamond (on base of aqua pickle bottle) – Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York

        • B within a diamond (on the base of bottles) …………………. Binghamton Glass Company, Binghamton, New York (1880-1957). This company produced handmade bottles from it’s beginning up to approximately 1930, thereafter continuing to sell glassware as a wholesale distributor (glass made by other concerns), including a line of “Diamond I” prescription ware made by Illinois Glass Company of Alton, IL.  The last mention of this company was in the 1957 Binghamton city directory. The great majority of bottles produced by Binghamton do not carry a glassmakers’ ID mark.  Many of the Kilmer Swamp Root bottles were made by Binghamton.  Known bottles with the “B in a diamond” mark on the bottom include square Horseradish bottles (would be generally termed “square pickle bottles” by the average collector) that are pictured in local Binghamton Glass Co. newspaper ads from the early 1900s and were evidently made in considerable numbers for several years,  and a rectangular medicine-type bottle which was found with a paper label for Harris Extract Company of Binghamton, circa 1906, and can safely be attributed to this glassworks.  Much more detailed information can be found in a new reference work by Maurice R. Hitt, entitled A History of the Binghamton Glass Company (published in 2011) .  Thanks Maurice for this information! (Please see next entry).
        • B within a diamond (on upscale colored ornamental and novelty glassware such as small “hen on nest” salt dishes, not utilitarian bottles)………………… Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass, Inc, Cambridge, Ohio (1978-to date).

          B in a triangle (photo courtesy Deb Lane)

          B in a triangle, as it appears on base of frosted light green rabbit dish made by Guernsey Glass Company (photo courtesy Deb Lane)

        • B within a heart (on recent packer jar)…………….unidentified.
        • B inside a triangle…….. Guernsey Glass Company, Cambridge, Ohio (1967-c.1988?)  Small hand-made operation, specializing in toothpick holders, open salts and other novelties in unusual colors.   Only a small percentage of their product may have been marked with this logo.  The “B in a triangle” stands for Harold Bennett, proprietor of the glass firm. Reportedly, the molds used were eventually sold to several other glass companies, including Mosser and Wilkerson.

          "BALL" logo, as seen on a BALL PERFECT MASON jar from the period c. 1910-1923. The exact cursive style changed slightly several times over the years.

          “BALL” logo, as seen on a BALL PERFECT MASON jar from the period c. 1910-1923. The exact cursive style of the lettering changed slightly several times over the years.

        • Ball……………………Ball Brothers Glass  Manufacturing Company/Ball Brothers Company (Ball Corporation after 1969), Muncie, Indiana and other locations (1888-1998) . Please see Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company  page for a brief summary of this company.
        • Ball Bro’s Glass Mf’G Co. Buffalo…………Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company, Buffalo, NY (marking seen on glass fruit jar lids made c. 1885-1888).  See Ball webpage for summary of this company.
        • Ball Perfect Mason…………….see this page with a brief summary of this popular jar, as well as Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company page.
        • Baltimore Glass Works………………..Baltimore Glass Works, Baltimore, Maryland (c.1800-1905, which includes a succession of firms). Various flasks and bottles are marked with the full factory name, and the majority of these probably date between 1830 and 1870. Also, see B.B. & Co.
        • B.& A.C.CO…………Baker & Adamson Chemical Company (1881-1913). Producer of acids and other chemicals. Although not the mark of a glass factory, this may be mistaken for one. Seen on the base of chemical and acid jars and bottles, most of which probably date from the early period — 1881 to 1900. B&A was bought by General Chemical in 1900, and in 1913 General became a division of Allied Chemical & Dye Corporation, later Allied Chemical Corp. ACC merged into Allied-Signal and that company is now part of Honeywell, Inc.
        • BANNER ……….. trademark used by Obear-Nestor Glass Company, East St. Louis, Illinois (1894-1978 for one of their lines of druggist bottles. Confirmed on the base of a clear rectangular pharmaceutical/prescription bottle. According to Arthur G. Peterson’s “400 Trademarks on Glass” this was used beginning in 1899. No word on ending date.
        • “Belt Buckle” logo (oval shape with line through center) ……….Western Glass Manufacturing Company, Valverde (Denver), Colorado (c.1900-1909).
        • B B……………..Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry under “B B G CO”.
        • BB48…………….Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry under “B B G CO”. NOTE: Milk bottles bearing the mark “BB48” were also made by Owens-Illinois Glass Company for many years after Berney-Bond was no longer in existence. In cases such as this, the Owens-Illinois mark (diamond superimposed with O and I) will also be seen on the base. Most of the bottles carrying both of these marks were made at the former Berney-Bond glass plant at Clarion, PA, which became O-I plant number 17. I am not sure how late the BB48 mark was retained on Owens-Illinois milk bottles made at this plant, but have seen a bottle with a 1947 date code.
        • B B CO……………Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930), see entry below. Another possibility: the mark on some bottles might stand for the Bellaire Bottle Company, Bellaire, Ohio (c.1885-1921+); or the Bell Bottle Company, Fairmount, Indiana (1910-1914)
        • B. B. & Co. …………Baker Bros. & Company (proprietors of the Baltimore Glass Works), Baltimore, Maryland (1852-1905). Mark seen on the base of Baltimore-area aqua blob beer bottles from the c. 1880-1895 period. (Thanks to Greg Franklin for supplying info on this mark!)
        • B B G CO………….Berney-Bond Glass Company (1905-1930). A merger of the Bond Glass and Berney Glass companies, plants were located in Bradford, Hazel Hurst, Smethport, Clarion, and Knox, all in the state of Pennsylvania; the Winslow Glass Co. plant at Columbus, Ohio was purchased in 1927. Berney-Bond was bought by Owens-Illinois in 1930. Most of these plants were closed down in later years, until by the early 1970s only the Clarion plant (Owens-Illinois plant #17) was still making bottles.
        • BBGMCO (monogram on jars)……..Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company, Buffalo, New York (used on fruit jars c.1886-1888 before move to Muncie, IN.) See “Ball”.
        • B-C …………Bartlett-Collins Glass Company, Sapulpa, Oklahoma (1914-1929); Bartlett-Collins Company (1929-2008). B-C mark (the letters enclosed in conjoined circles) was used on tumblers after 1921, but I do not know how long after that the mark was used. Manufacturer of a wide line of tableware over the years, Barlett-Collins was later a subsidiary of the Lancaster Colony Corporation (owner of Indiana Glass Company after 1957).  Bartlett-Collins produced  items such as jars, mugs, canisters and votive candle holders under the brand name “Indiana Glass”.  The Bartlett-Collins plant was eventually purchased by Anchor Hocking Company, and shortly thereafter closed down (as of June 2008).  Items made there during the Lancaster Colony Corporation years, in general, do not carry an embossed maker’s mark. A sister plant operated by Lancaster, located at Dunkirk, Indiana (the original “Indiana Glass Company” factory) ceased production of glass in 2002. See “Indiana Glass” and “LCC” marks. For much more detailed info on Bartlett-Collins and the history of the Premium Glass Company and other organizations involved in the earlier history of the plant, see this article written by Bill Lockhart et al: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/BartlettCollins.pdf 
        • Bee………………Image of a BEE (insect) with the letters “H” in left wing, “I” on body and “G” on right wing………………………John B. Higbee Glass Company, Bridgeville, Pennsylvania (1907-1918). See on pressed glass tableware and novelties, most commonly in clear glass.  NOTE: this mark, or a very similar mark,  has also been embossed on reproductions made by other glass companies in later years, although in those cases the “Bee” is said to have no letters visible.  I would strongly recommend more in-depth research on Higbee and the glass they made before attributing a particular item to that glass factory.
        • BF……………….Ball-Foster Corporation (mark used 1995-2000). In 2000 became Saint-Gobain Containers, with the SG mark being instituted. See Ball Bros Glass Company.
        • B & Co [o is underlined], below a triangle…………….. Unknown. Triangle has number “500” embossed within, on the example reported, but perhaps a different number appears on other containers? Hand-blown, odd lip jar, off-clear glass w/perhaps faint grey-amethyst tint. Perhaps European origin? (Reported by Sam Lawson).
        • B.F.G.CO………….Beaver Flint Glass Company, Toronto, Ontario , Canada (c.1897-1948). NOTE: This marking is also found on glass telegraph insulators made by the Beaver Falls Glass Company, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (1869-1879). The mark was also very likely used on bottles, as this same set of initials are seen on certain soda/mineral water bottles of the period.
        • B.G.CO……………this mark was used by a number of different companies, and there is still uncertainty on absolute attribution in many cases. On earlier blob-top “export style” beer bottles and soda bottles, usually Belleville Glass Company, Belleville, Illinois (1882-1886). The Belleville factory was purchased by Adolphus Busch Glass Manufacturing Co. in 1886, and presumably the B G CO mark was discontinued soon after, being replaced by A.B.G.CO.  or   A.B.G.M.CO.     The “B.G.CO.” mark was also used by Burlington Glass Works, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (1875-1909) on the face of their “Burlington” fruit jars.  A Moxie soda bottle variant with a crown lip carries the B.G.CO. mark, and in that case would have been made by an unidentified factory some time after 1892 (the year the “crown” style lip was introduced).  “B.G.CO.” is also reported on the heel of a light green crown lip Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association beer bottle that appears to date from the 1910s or 1920s.  The maker is uncertain.  On some milk bottles, B. G. CO. was apparently used by Buck Glass Company, Baltimore, Maryland. (Buck normally used just a “B”).   If you have information that could shed light on the BGCO marks, please contact me.

          Ball-Incon Glass Packaging (mark used 1987-1994)

          Ball-Incon Glass Packaging Corp. (mark used 1987-1994)

        • BI (or “I B”, a stylized logo/monogram consisting of “B” with lower-case dotted letter “I” incorporated within the letter “B”)………Ball-InCon Glass Packaging Corporation (mark used 1987-1994). Ball-Incon was formed as a merger of the glass plants owned by Ball Corporation, combined with the Indianhead Container Corp which consisted of glass plants at Laurens, SC; Port Allegany, PA; Madera, CA and other locations. See Ball Bros Glass Company.  
    Phoenix Packaging logo #1 (1980-2014)

    Phoenix Packaging – Logo #1 (1980-2014)

    Phoenix Packaging - Logo #2 (1980-2014)

    Phoenix Packaging – Logo #2 (1980-2014)

    Phoenix Packaging - Logo #3 (2014-to date)

    Phoenix Packaging – Logo #3 (2014-to date)

        • Bird in flight logo or emblem  (shown, right)……………….. three logos were used by Phoenix Packaging, based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (1980- to date).   A reader of this page,  Dawn High, who was trying to find the user of one of these “bird logos” as it appeared on the base of an olive oil bottle/cruet, introduced me to this (formerly unidentified) mark. Now, thanks to Joel B. Miller, more info can now be published revealing the user of these marks!  Two “older” logos (both with a more “horizontal” look) were used from approximately 1980 to 2014.  Their third bird logo (with a somewhat more “vertically oriented” design) is currently in use, introduced on new molds in 2014.  Phoenix Packaging contracts with many customers around the world to have special glass container designs produced to their specifications. Many different glass bottles and jars have been made, as well as packaging in other mediums such as ceramic, plastic, wood, metal, etc.  Several dozen glass manufacturers have been involved at some time over the last few decades, including well-known glass container firms such as O-I and Verallia. (Thanks very much to Joel B. Miller for info and photos of those logos shown here).
        • BiXby……………..S.M.Bixby & Company, New York, New York. (1862-19?). For a brief summary of this company, click here.
        • Blenko Handcraft (usually seen on paper or foil labels) ………………………….. Blenko Glass Company (began 1893, later, at Milton, West Virginia since 1921). Maker of beautiful hand-made blown glass in a wide range of bright colors; the most popular item ever produced would be their widely-recognized “Water Bottle” with a very characteristic shape. This bottle has been made in many, many colors since 1938.  A wide variety of handmade items are produced, some of them from handcarved wooden molds as well as iron molds. Very few Blenko glass articles were marked (in the glass itself), but here is a page with more info. http://blenkoarchive.org/blenko_signatures_labels.htm .  The official Blenko Glass Company website is here: http://www.blenko.com
        • B. L. Fahnstock Fortune & Co. Pitts. Pa. ……………..Fahnstock, Fortune & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1873). Mark seen on the base of wax sealer and “Kline stopper” type fruit jars. This company was evidently sold to Evans, Sell & Company in 1873. See “F. A. & Co” and “E. S. & CO.” marks.
        • Blue Ribbon………..Standard Glass Company, Marion, Indiana (c. 1907-1933). Trademark is found base-embossed on their line of clear (“flint”) rectangular pharmaceutical/prescription bottles. This trademark was first used in 1908, according to information published in Arthur G. Peterson’s 400 Trademarks on Glass(1968). Standard Glass Company was bought by Foster-Forbes Glass Company in 1933.
        • B.& M.S.Co……….Bottler’s & Manufacturer’s Supply Company, Long Island City, NY (c.1897-1920). Seen on heel of New York City-area blob beer bottles.

          B O C mark on amber beer bottle

          Unidentified B O C mark on base of amber handmade beer bottle

        • B O C……………..Unknown (Seen on base of yellow amber quart blob beer bottle, c. 1885, shown here in pic).  Although it has been proposed by some researchers that this mark is merely a mold-cutting error for “D.O.C.” (see that entry), I am doubtful and believe that this does stand for an obscure, short-lived  glass company (or some type of bottling or brewing firm?) with those corresponding initials. The embossed lettering is very strong and bold on this bottle.
        • BODE……………..Bode Extract Company, Chicago, Illinois (Gustav Augustus Bode, proprietor). Mark seen on the heel of a few hutch soda bottles. Bode evidently manufactured bottles from c. 1890 to 1892, but thereafter concentrated on the production of extracts. He passed away in 1900. Thanks to Joel Ferguson for sending me this info!
        • Boldt………………. Chas Boldt Glass Company, Cincinnati, OH and Huntington, WV (1900-1926). For much more detailed info on the various marks used by this company, see this webpage: https://sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/CharlesBoldt.pdf 
        • Bottle within an oval (embossed design/emblem showing a bottle inside an oval, seen on the base of a green “Ten Pin” or bowling pin style soda bottle)…………..unknown, presumably the mark of an unidentified glass bottle manufacturer, probably British.  Please see this webpage: Bottle within an oval mark.
        • Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass, Cambridge, Ohio . (B in a diamond mark on upscale glassware indicates that company.)
        • Boyd’s Genuine Porcelain Lined Cap (or ‘Genuine Boyd Cap for Mason Jars’, other variations)………. marking seen on white milkglass inserts (discs or lids) used with zinc lids on “Mason” type fruit jars. Please see this page for more information.
        • B. P. & B………Bakewell, Page & Bakewell, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1824-1836)
        • B.P.CO……………Brunswick Pharmacal Company, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Seen on small cobalt medicinal bottles, dating perhaps from about 1895-1930. Bottles are also marked with a “back-to-back PP” inside a circle. Actual glass manufacturer is unknown, but Maryland Glass Corporation, Baltimore, MD (a prolific maker of cobalt blue bottles after 1907) could be one possibility. The “B.P.CO.” marking bears no relationship to the next entry.
        • B.P.& Co………Beck, Phillips & Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (c.1866-1886+). Seen on the base of wax sealer fruit jars. Some similar jars are also found lettered “Beck, Phillips & Co. Pitts.Pa” in a circle on the base. McKearin (1941:611) indicates this company changed it’s name to “Phillips & Company” in 1874, and was still operating in 1886. The actual ending date was not given. So presumably the jars found with either of these marks would date between about 1866 and 1874.
        • Brockway………….Brockway Glass Company, Brockway, Pennsylvania (1907-1988). See “B in a circle” page. Most bottles I have seen with the cursive “Brockway” marking, usually embossed on the base, appear to date from the 1950s-1970s period, although I don’t know the exact period of use of this mark.
        • Brody (E.O.Brody)………………… E.O. Brody Company, Cleveland, Ohio (1958-to date).  This is NOT a glass company, but a jobber/distributor of products made especially for the florist industry. See more info here.
        • Bromo-Seltzer / Emerson Drug  Co. / Baltimore, MD. (usually embossed across the face of the bottle)………………………. Bromo-Seltzer was an extremely popular drug, in the form of a powder, introduced circa 1891. For more information, please see the Bromo Seltzer page.
        • Brookfield………….(On glass insulators), Brookfield Glass Company, with factories at Brooklyn, NY and Old Bridge, NJ. For more information, see Bushwick Glass Works (Brookfield Glass Company) page.
        • Brookfield……………(On milk bottles).  See this page on the Brookfield “Baby Face” milk bottles.
        • Brooklyn Glass Bottle Works………………..Brooklyn Glass Bottle Works, Brooklyn, New York. Time period when this plant was in operation is uncertain. From the type and general style of bottle which carries the mark (early cylinder whiskey), it looks like the company was probably in operation during the 1860s or 1870s.
        • B & S …………….unknown.  Seen on base of pickle or “chow chow” bottle, possibly British. A possibility would be Thomas Barron & Sons, an obscure bottle maker operating circa early 1890s.

          BTK monogram (photo courtesy of Eric Hulten)

          BTK monogram (photo courtesy of Eric Hulten)

        • BTK monogram (shown)……………….. unknown mark (order of the letters are in question, so could be meant as BKT  or TBK).  This mark appears on the base of a handmade crown-top style soda or mineral water bottle in rather dark teal/aquamarine glass, found when diving off the coast of Guam. This bottle might be from somewhere in Europe or Asia; probably not of US manufacture.
        • Burgin & Sons…………………………Philadelphia Glass Works, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. See “Philada Glass Works”.
        • Burnett’s Cocoaine…………………..This was actually a hair dressing made with Coconut Oil, promoted as a product guaranteed to give the hair a more luxurious, healthy appearance.  Contrary to what some collectors might assume upon finding a bottle with this embossing, the product did not contain cocaine (unlike some of the products being sold in the mid and late 1800s that did indeed contain that ingredient). First sold in 1856 by Joseph Burnett of Southborough, Massachusetts, it was a popular product for many years and was still available into the early 20th century. Several variations of the bottles exist. The glassmaker is uncertain, but it is probable that one or more bottle companies located within or near the Boston area manufactured these bottles. For more information on the Burnett products and ephemera, and photos of many of the bottle variants that are known, see this page at http://www.southboroughhistory.org/History/Burnett%20Company/Medical/History_of_Burnett_%20Med_%20Prod.htm .
        • Bushwick Glass Works………….Bushwick Glass Works, Brooklyn, New York (1864-c.1906). More commonly known under the name Brookfield Glass Company. Prolific maker of glass electrical insulators, they also made considerable quantities of bottles and jars, the great majority of which were not marked with the company name. See my webpage with more info here: Brookfield Glass Company .
        • B superimposed over W (or W superimposed over B)……… Uncertain. See “W superimposed over B” entry on page 5 (S-Z marks).

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171 Responses to Glass Bottle Marks: Glass Manufacturers’ Marks – Page 1

  1. myles yaksich says:

    Hi David, I have a satin glass in orange swirl jack-in-pulpit glass vase with a unique manufacturers mark, I see a castle, my sister sees a dog. I am very interested in finding out who made the piece for my records. I can send you a photo if that would help.

    Thank you,

    Myles

    • David says:

      Hi Myles, Thank you for the photo. [Readers, after doing more research we found that this mark is supposed to be a castle, and it was used by Gibraltar Crystal, of Gibraltar (1995-2019) ] . Myles sent me a photo of the base mark which I have inserted under my new “Castle” entry on page two of the glass marks listings.
      Take care, David

  2. Victoria says:

    A crystal bottle with a ballerina type look at the spout it’s crystal and has diapered pattern at the top. On the base is an etched 7. Its smooth on the base but a indented round piece which is smooth also in middle of the base.
    The bottle has a vertical lines around the base

  3. sarah levy says:

    Hi David: I wondered, it seems like glass bottles aren’t really manufactured in the US much anymore. Do you know why? Is that not the case and I just haven’t done enough research? Thanks much!

    • David says:

      Hi Sarah,
      I’m certainly not an expert on this question, so keep in mind these are just my own thoughts. There are still millions of glass bottles being made here in the US every year, BUT the actual number of glass container companies has shrunk to only a handful, and most of those are HUGE multi-billion dollar corporations. There used to be over a hundred glass container companies operating during the late 1800s in the U.S, counting large companies (such as Whitall-Tatum) and small to medium sized companies such as Kentucky Glass Works Company of Louisville. The number kept shrinking through the early and mid-1900s.
      The same general thing seems to have happened in many types of businesses over the last many decades. For instance, telephone companies…….. There were hundreds of small telephone companies in the early 1900s, now there are only a handful that control most of the market, as consolidation kept happening. There used to be GOBS of railroad companies, now just a handful controlling most railroad lines. Same with many other businesses.
      Most containers you might find on supermarket store shelves currently (that were made here in the US) would be those made by Owens-Illinois (O-I), Anchor Glass Packaging, and Ardagh Group. (See their respective marks in the alphabetical listings if you don’t know them already). All of those corporations have glass manufacturing factories scattered around the country.
      You might try checking out this site: The Glass Packaging Institute at: http://gpi.org/glass-resource-locator , however, I am not sure if all of the information there is current and correct.
      Hope this helps a bit!
      David

  4. Elizabeth Hillard says:

    Square with a B inside.

    • David says:

      Elizabeth, I don’t know of any “B inside a square” mark on any type of glass. Can you please elaborate on what type of glassware this mark is on? Thank you and best regards,
      David

  5. Shaun says:

    I found what appears to be a whiskey bottle, square base, 750ml, glass and cork stopper with a tugboat and the numbers 2673. Found on the Arkansas River in Colorado? I don’t know what it really is. Please help

  6. Linda Pennington says:

    Star with a N in on it S K & co around edge

  7. jeanie ortman-pahl says:

    Fascinating!! Thank you for all of your knowledge and time!! I have a bottle marked Richards wine 10E42 with what looks like a vase on the bottom of the bottle. Three sides of the bottle are embossed with a diamond print. One side is just plain glass. The number 6 is in the front lower corner. Do you know when this bottle was manufactured and by whom? It’s very pretty. Thank you so much for your time!! Best regards, jeanie

    • David says:

      Hi Jeanie,
      From your description I think the mark on the bottom is probably a “Keystone” logo, used by the Knox Glass Company group of factories. I can’t say exactly how old the bottle is, but I would guess it dates from the 1950s, 1960s or 1970s.

      David

  8. Madonna White says:

    I have a clear glass mug, 12 oz with three zeros and a D on the bottom, any idea?

  9. Anthony says:

    I have light aqua Mason’s patent Nov 30 1858. The no numbers on the bottom there’s just a round circle. I found it in a really old root cellar in the woods

    • David says:

      Anthony, from your description I think you have one of the later versions of the “Masons Patent Nov 30th 1858” jars, made by Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company. They were semi-automatically machine-made and often bore a faint ‘circle’ mark, about the size of a nickel or quarter, on the bottom. The “lip” around the top of the jar is smooth, not “ground” is on the older handmade types. I believe most of those date from around 1895 to 1912.
      ~David

  10. deavbarreto says:

    Hi! I just wanted to thank you for your hard work and dedication with this website. I’m writing a paper on a particular glass bottle right now and came upon your page. I think your work is so wonderful, and am so happy to see your evident passion for the information you share on your page.

    All the best,
    Dea (college student who thinks your site is fantastic)

  11. Heather B says:

    OK I need help with some wine goblets that I have had forever. I believe I purchased them from a garage sale. Anyway, they are clear and cobalt blue with a gold trim. They have a unique stamp on them and it says made in Mexico. I can not seem to find any info on these

    • Tina Boyce says:

      Hi there, this is a very fascinating page, thank you for sharing all of your knowledge 🙂 I had many tall fir trees out the back and recently had them took down. Amongst them a bottle was found with a substance in it, maybe a quarter full! It is brown and wide rounded with a cork at the top and circle handles, on the base it says AL 29 L 8 U G B. Have you any idea what this could be? I’ve brought it in and cleaned it up anyway 🙂

      • David says:

        Hi Tina,
        I am not familiar with the coding system used on the UGB bottles. I can only say with certainty that since the bottle is marked U G B, it was made by United Glass Bottle Manufacturers, Limited, a conglomerate of several glass factories located in Great Britain / United Kingdom.
        Thanks and best regards, David

  12. Tery says:

    Wow! This site is amazing! So much knowledge! I had no idea how interesting this could be to learn. Thanks for sharing your knowledge David!!!!!!!!

  13. Kim Marshall says:

    I am struggling to date older canning jars. I have a few odd ones that do not appear on websites. These include a 2 quart with just the word GEM on front and MADE IN CANADA RECYCLABLE with a C in a triangle with rounded corners, JEWEL JAR MADE IN CANADA on front inverted triangle with C inside and 1 on bottom, Canadian, in cursive, JEWEL on front with regular triangle with C in centre and TRADEMARK REC’D with 8 beneath it on bottom. I also have a few Improved “Gems” all wrote in cursive with TRADEMARK REC’D on the front and a diamond with D in centre and 3 underneath on bottom. These jars have bubbles in glass. Can you suggest where I mayblocate more info on these jars?

    • David says:

      Hi Kim,
      As you know, those are all jars made in Canada. I am not personally familiar with them. The “RED BOOK” price guide used by “serious” fruit jar collectors lists several varieties of those jars, with minor variations in wording. The “D in a Diamond” was used by Dominion Glass Company. The “C in a triangle” was and is used by Consumers Glass Company. I don’t know how long and how late those “JEWEL” jars were made, or if they are still being made in a modern incarnation. You might try asking on Facebook fruit jar collectors groups (there are at least two groups, possibly more, on Facebook), and on the http://antique-bottles.net discussion site, where they have a forum for jar collectors. You might also try doing some “saved searches” on ebay, with pertinent keywords, and over time you may be able to view a variety of auctions of jars from Canada, perhaps some of them being similar to the ones you have.
      Hope this helps,
      David

  14. Dennis Bagby says:

    I have a bottle that is very old. It says C.B. Co. Norfolk and there’s a big star on the face of the bottle. I assume it’s from Norfolk va. It was dug up in va beach va. Any help is appreciated

    • David says:

      Dennis, I don’t know anything about your bottle but I would guess it is a soda bottle(?) The “B.CO.”might stand for “BOTTLING COMPANY” with the “C” being the initial for the name of the company. A look through early city directories might identify the company in question. If you wish, you can email me a photo of the bottle to my email address, which is listed on the lower right hand corner of any page on this site.
      Best regards,
      David

  15. Douglas says:

    I recently bought a Arrowhead Los Angeles 5 gallon water bottle that is covered with over 500 little arrowheads – very cool looking . My problem is the makers mark on the bottom . It is a F inside of a shield with a 23 — the shield is like the one that Monarch & Latchford glass Companies used. I believe that the 23 refers to the year 1923 – which is before these other Mark’s started. The only F inside of a shield I could find is Federal Glass Company– it started in 1932 and the shield is different.
    Any help with this makers mark would be greatly appreciated.
    Thank you

  16. Walter says:

    Just found a amber whisky bottle with these marks on the bottom 68with a f in a octagon , D561
    And a 43 at the end. Is the 43 the year of the bottle? It is a pint bottle found by a railroad, it has federal law forbids sail or re_ use of this bottle. Any info would be great. Love old bottles with histories.

    • David says:

      Hi Walter,
      I assume you meant an “F in a hexagon” which was the glass manufacturer’s mark used by Fairmount Glass Company (please see my brief article on this site about that company). The “43” is a date code for 1943, and the “68” in this particular case is a “liquor bottle permit number” which was assigned to the Fairmount Glass Company. You can find a list of permit numbers used by various glass companies by typing in “Liquor Bottle Permit Numbers” into the google search engine. The D-561 is a distiller identification number.

      Best regards,
      David

  17. Susan says:

    Hi-Your site is amazing and extensive, however, I am not able to find a mark on an antique glass I have. It has a bee with 3 wings and the letters H, I, G in each of the wings. Any infirmation would be appreciated. Thank you! Susan

    • David says:

      Hi Susan,
      That would be J.B.Higbee Glass Company (John B. Higbee Glass Company). I have added an entry for the mark on “page one” of the alphabetical marks listings.
      Best regards,
      David

  18. Bill Reese says:

    I have apparently found an old Hiram Walker 4oz amber machine-made comfort flask with threaded cap and seal. As the house where it was found in the ground was built in 1940, it’s from that time or later. On the bottom, it has crown emblem with a Trade W mark in the middle. It’s very similar to http://www.bottlebooks.com/questions/aug2006/bottle_2.jpg just with blank panels under the crown emblem and a different neck. Also very much like this: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/60798663690248475/?lp=true although the screw cap and neck are different and there are no words about federal law. Would it most likely have contained Canadian Club whiskey?

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  20. Gabe says:

    I found a full quart whisky bottle that has belsinger&co distillers Savannah ga USA on it with a 4 leaf clover on it and clover whisky est 1874 in it and cannot find it on any sites

  21. When did embossing the bottle bottoms first become common, approximately? Thanks!

    • David says:

      Hi David,
      It is my understanding that the first “generally recognized” embossed glass maker identification marking on the BOTTOM of bottles is “H. RICKETTS & CO. GLASS WORKS” that appeared on black glass liquor bottles circa 1821-1822. That mark was used until the mid-1850s. However, I would say that base markings did not become really common until the late 1870s – early 1880s. And, some types of bottles are more likely to bear embossed markings on the base, such as beer, whiskey and soda bottles.
      ~David

  22. Susan Banarsdal says:

    I love this site. I am looking up a bottle with the marking Ha on the bottom but you page 3 ( letters E to L) ends at G. Page four picks up with Letter M. Any way I can browse bottles from the H list? Thanks in advance.

    • David says:

      Hello Susan, I just discovered I had a problem with that page (the text and photos from G through L had “vaporized”, and I don’t know why) so I had to go back to another cached version of the page (from several weeks ago) and the page is now restored. Hopefully everything will be OK now. Thanks alot for letting me know!! If you (or any other readers, for that matter) notice ANYTHING that doesn’t look right about these webpages, please let me know in case there is a bug or glitch of some sort.
      David

  23. Aj says:

    Hello
    Thank you for all the great information!
    Just thought you should know the link to dairyantiques.com is no longer valid – apparently, the site no longer exists.

    • David says:

      Hello Aj,
      Thank you very much for the good words about this site, and the advisory! I have edited the text and inserted a link to an archived version of the dairyantiques.com site from 2015, using the “Wayback Machine” internet archive which has saved over 300 billion webpages over the past few years. Hopefully it will work OK. If it fails to load, the Wayback Machine site can be searched for other dates the site was saved, as far back as 2011.
      Take care, David

  24. Derek Sidaway 82 Cromer Road Mundesley Norfolk NR11 8DD England says:

    Dear Sir
    Just found on Mundesley beach Norfolk what appears to be a bottom of green glass bottle with the mark of a boar’s head and A8800 or AB800.
    Can anyone please identify it?

    • David says:

      Derek,
      It’s probably the base portion of one of the many variants of the GORDON’S GIN bottle. They were made over many years, and the graphic on the base is supposed to be a boar, although in some cases it is hard to tell what it really looks like!
      Hope this helps,
      David

  25. ANTHONY ALVAREZ says:

    Hi, I found a clear glass bottle with an embossed ship scene on it in Cape Cod MA an was looking for info on it as I searched for hours and for hours and found none. the only marks on it are D230 M2541 12-6 and an upside down triangle with what looks like a W with a dot under it which I’m guessing is the makers mark. I didn’t see it on your site at all either. Thank you in advance for anything you know.

    • David says:

      Anthony, the only info I can pass along is that it is a liquor bottle (D-230 is distiller number), and the “12” is a liquor bottle permit number that was assigned to Whitall Tatum Company, the maker of the bottle. The “6” would be a date code, likely for 1926 or 1936. Their trademark is actually supposed to have a larger W over a smaller T inside an inverted triangle, but on some bottles it is very hard to decipher. Please check out my page on Whitall Tatum.
      best regards,
      David

  26. Pamela Tomer says:

    Hi there, I was given a purple bottle with the markings of W.T CO. on the bottom which I now know is Whitall Tatum. But them under that is the number 1669, the letter A and the letters U.S.A. I’m thinking that the “A” indicates the mold used but I can’t find anything about the number. I also read that many glass bottles get irradiated to get the purple color and this bottle is very dark purple. I would appreciate any help you can give me with this, thanks in advance!!

    • David says:

      Hi Pamela,
      The “1669” is a mold or design number assigned to that bottle style. And, yes, your bottle has been “nuked”. Nearly all Whitall Tatum Company bottles (generally from circa 1870s through 1910s) that are “clear” in color will turn some shade of amethyst or dark purple after undergoing radiation because the glass formula included manganese as a decolorizer. There are many purple glass bottles showing up on ebay and other internet sites, as well as local flea markets and antique malls around the United States. If you come across any flea market booth that has a number of bottles, jars, and/or insulators, all or most in shades of purple, you can be sure they have been irradiated by artificial means, and the color has been changed from the original. Sellers are hoping that the average person knows nothing about them, and will plunk down high dollars for “purty” purple glass. If you haven’t already, please check out my webpage on purpled and altered glass.
      Best regards, David

      • Pamela Tomer says:

        Hi David, thank you so much for your quick response! Quick question, should
        I assume that once these bottles are nuked that they lose any value they may have, if they have any value at all?
        Thanks,
        Pamela

        • David says:

          Pamela, you may get a range of answers to that question, but I consider them to have about the same value as they did when clear. In a good majority of cases, the types of bottles and jars that are most often chosen for “nuking” tend to be rather common and of low value to begin with. For instance, many unembossed clear bottles (no markings whatsoever) of the 1890s-1910s era are irradiated because the nukers know the glass dates from the time period when manganese was used for decoloration, and the glass will turn purple. So they will in some cases have a higher “Perceived value” to casual glass collectors, interior decorators, etc, who don’t know or care how the glass color was achieved. “Value” is subjective, and definitely in the “eye of the beholder”. Serious experienced bottle collectors may scorn paying a price above the clear counterpart. Others may be happy to pay more for irradiated glass. It is a question/problem with no easy answers.
          David

  27. schiff64 says:

    Digging in the backyard in Sonoma County, we found a 6″ tall, triangular glass bottle with a salt shaker top. The top still works! It has OWENS stamped on 2 sides of the bottle, nothing on the third side or the bottom. Any idea the date of this?
    Thank you! Amy

  28. Ray c says:

    Hi David,I just found 2 flask bottles.one with the cork still in it. One has B on left side and a 2 on the right side of the bottom. The other has a 3 on right side. Both say half pint above full measure on the heel. Any idea on maker or date?

  29. Richard Shank says:

    I have a whiskey bottle shaped just like a light bulb. It says 5000 Lamp WHISKEY and it’s made of glass and it has a hog stamped on the bottom

  30. SUE FISHER says:

    I am having a difficult time identifying a bottle I have. Its in the shape of a soda bottle. Heavy, unique design with a circle in front that says Bob-lo, with the words trademark reg underneath. 8 1/2 ounces and the bottom of the bottle has a star with an S in it and the letters: DCBC. Any information would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

  31. Marge Lauer says:

    I have a small green glass jar/bottle, much like a vintage Vick’s jar, however it is green and it has a pharmaceutical scale stamped on the bottom. It appears, from the other symbols, to be an Owens-Illinois bottle since it has the diamond and a number to the left and right. Any idea what it held originally?

  32. Allison Hoy says:

    Hi, i live in Elizabeth East in South Australia & was visiting my brother in Morgan S.A. On his property we found a heap of buried bottles. We have 2 clear glass bottles in 2 different sizes. The smaller 1 has embossed on the front “The J R WATKINS Co” with “MADE IN AUSTRALIA” underneath it. On the base is “MG888” & a symbol that could be the Australian Glass Manufactures symbol. The larger bottle has the same on the front with “G889” & a “M” & the Australuan Glass.Makers symbol . Im assuming the bottles were made in Melbourne VICTORIA. Were the bottles made in Australia for long? R they of any worth? I have only seen 1 amber coloured J R WATKINS bottle on the internet with “MADE IN AUSTRALIA” written on it, no clear glass ones & Australia isnt really mentioned on your website

    • David says:

      Hi Allison,
      I am sure the Watkins company has distributed their products throughout the world, and your bottle proves they had glass bottles made specifically for them in Australia, but unfortunately I have no info on that bottle or when it was made. Perhaps someone from Australia who collects these types of bottles might have more background information for us. Thank you for writing!
      David

  33. Kelly says:

    I have a bottle that reminds me of a perfume bottle. It has rings I guess you could call them around the entire thing besides a circle near the top(maybe where a label goes). It has no identifying marks except for a 5 6 on the bottom(the part that would touch the thing it’s sitting on)

  34. Ravyn Still says:

    Begging for help here, found a small glass bottle in a wash at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona. I can make out 1/2 oz., the number to the left looks like 47 and the one to the right is 61. USA is stamped at the bottom. The center mark is a circle with something in the center, I can’t tell if it’s an arrow or an A or something else. Any ideas? Pictures here: http://feathasthekitten.tumblr.com/post/153885806535/pictures-taken-in-an-attempt-to-identify-when-and

    • David says:

      Ravyn,
      Your bottle appears to be a pill bottle of some sort (perhaps it held aspirin or a similar headache remedy) and it was made by Armstrong Cork Company’s glass container division in 1961. The “61” is a date code.
      Best regards, David

  35. Robin says:

    I found a cobalt blue bottle bottom, washed up on the beach. What remains is rectangular in shape, approx 2.5″ wide, by approx 1.5″. There is a 3 in the middle of the bottom. Along the top end there are a few letters that are quite worn down that could say PAT? Followed by June 30.
    Along the bottom is Made In USA.
    Any help with the ID of this bottle would be appreciated. Thanks for your time.

  36. Denise says:

    I found an old ?Soda bottle on Wingaersheek
    Beach in Gloucester with Blatchford Bros Gloucester
    Mass embossed on side B and overlying ? L logo- bottom is gone do no other marks. Does anyone have more info

  37. tara says:

    Hi there, I found a clear glass pint bottle on a hike in Los Angeles. One side says “federal law forbids sale or reuse of this bottle”, the other side say “one pint” the bottom says “R 341”, under that is “90 a logo (what I believe is the Owens Illinois logo) and then 4”. The sides are embossed with an almost diamond/zig zag pattern. Any ideas? Thank you!

    • David says:

      Tara,
      I don’t have much info other than (because of the “Federal Law..” phrase) it is a liquor bottle. The “90” may be a liquor bottle permit number assigned to Owens-Illinois Glass Company, and the “4” is a date code for either 1934, 1944 or 1954, but I can’t say which year it would be.
      David

  38. silloo says:

    A green bottle that is plain w/ no markings on the bottle, but has RCNUK on the bottom of it. The color is that of a rich extra olive oil green. Appreciate any information on it. Thank you.

    • David says:

      Silloo, I suspect the word is not RCNUK; are you positive on the spelling? In any case, if this is a British bottle, I am not familiar with it.
      Best regards,
      David

  39. Josie says:

    Hi, I just wanted to say THANK YOU! This site has been a blessing in my life. There was an elderly couple in my town that collected bottles all their lifes, they both passed away a few years ago. The son decided that their entire shed filled with approx. 100 +boxes of their bottle collection needed to go to the dump! We saved about 80+ boxes from going to the trash (they had already taken a few loads). I am currently in the process of washing each and every bottle (pack rat heaven). So far I have found so many wonderful treasures! Your site has been an amazing tool to help me determine age of these beauties. I have insulators, medicine bottles, flasks, tins, soda bottles, clear, brown, cobalt, purple, & green bottles, pyrex, & so much neat stuff. Its been quite a journey. I have learned so much going through this site. Thanks

  40. Matt Erickson says:

    Hi David. Recently I purchased a set with two square glass flasks. One of them had a hole in the bottom but the other one was intact. I found a small mark at the bottom of the flask that was still intact. I was wondering if you had ever seen this mark before? Here are some pictures http://imgur.com/a/pWxNC

    • David says:

      Matt, the mark appears to be an “I inside an O”. Although that looks similar to a mark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, something about it doesn’t look quite “right”. The bottle appears to be a type used mostly for cologne, aftershave, hair oil or some other type of cosmetic or personal care product. If it wasn’t made by Owens-Illinois (and I have my doubts it was) it would be a foreign (non-USA) bottle.
      David

  41. Kelly Hoffner says:

    Hello,
    I have recently found a vintage small oval milk glass Pond’s jar (cold cream, I am assuming.) I am having trouble finding out what decade it is from. The only information I can find is on Etsy & Ebay (obviously not reliable)…multiple people selling the same jar, claiming it is anywhere from the 20’s to the 50’s.

    It is missing the lid (from the research I have done, I believe it was a greenish-colored metal lid), but it has “Pond’s” & the number 30 stamped on the bottom.

    Any clue when it is from?

    And do you know which company manufactured the jar? (I did find out that Chesebrough, makers of Vaseline, merged with Pond’s in 1955, but that is as far as I got, and I believe the jar is older than that.)

    I haven’t had a chance to upload a photo yet, so here is a link to the exact jar I am referring to: http://www.terapeak.com/worth/small-ponds-jar-metal-lid-cold-cream-vintage-milk-glass-empty-beauty-treatment/162065391934/

    Thank you! And great work on the site, there is so much information here!

    • David says:

      Kelly,
      In all honesty, it may be very difficult (if not impossible) to pin down a specific year for your jar. Pond’s Cold cream was first sold about 1904, and huge quantities of the jars (of slightly varying shape over the years) were made. I have found similar jars from more than one dumpsite, apparently dating from the 1920s up into the 1950s judging from other bottles in the same area that could be more precisely dated. No Pond’s cold cream containers carry date codes (as far as I know) so this makes it very difficult to date them. There might be possible ways to narrow the date range, such as by studying vintage advertisements and comparing the slight changes in the shapes of jars (if they are shown). But, your particular jar looks like a type that is found in contexts over a wide range of years so I really can’t give you any info other than “it might date anywhere from the 1920s into the 1950s”. Other cold cream manufacturers sold their product in similarly-shaped jars.
      I believe Hazel-Atlas Glass Company made some of them……….they were known to have made a lot of white milkglass containers of all types over a long period of time. Sorry I don’t have any other info for you.
      David

      • Kelly Hoffner says:

        Thank you for your timely response! I actually have done just what you said already – investigated & compared vintage advertisements. There is a great site with a database for many brands:

        http://www.vintageadbrowser.com

        From what I can tell, my jar is most likely from the 40’s, but as you stated, all of the jars throughout the decades have only slight variances in shape, and with it missing the lid & label, it’s hard to pin down. Plus, there are not many pictures surfacing of the bottom of the jars, so it’s been impossible to compare imprinted numbers.

        And you are correct, Hazel-Atlas manufactured the jar:

        http://www.wvncc.edu/alumni/hazel-atlas-glass-history/105

        I am working on finding old catalogues to snoop through and see if I can’t nail down a decade for the jar. (I am hopeful, I have already found a cool Owen-Illinois catalog from the 20’s that helped to identify a lot of my bottles!)

        Thank you again! I will be using this site regularly, as my husband has a knack for finding old bottles. =)

  42. Dalton says:

    I have a pepsicola bottle that has the swirl but no color lettering. On the bottom it says “B-57” “145-B-10-10” in the center it has a “2” and a maker stamp that I can’t find. It looks like a jar shape with the letter “j” in it. So I’m guessing it’s from 1957 but I’d like to know where it was made. Thanks. Wish I could post a pic to show the makers mark.

    • David says:

      Dalton, check out my entry for “J in a keystone”. For more information on the Knox Glass companies (which used the “Keystone” mark with various letters inside) do a google search with KNOX GLASS. And I assume the bottle was made in 1957.
      Best regards,
      David

  43. Kara Crist says:

    I have a perfume glass bottle with a R in a circle. Can you tell me what manufacture this is??

    • David says:

      Kara, the “R in a circle” was used by Rockware Glass, a large glass container manufacturer based in the UK. I don’t have info on the EXACT years the mark was used, but Julian Toulouse (in Bottle Makers and their Marks, 1971) states on page 434 it was used “1930 to date”. For more info, check this webpage:
      http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/Rockware_Glass
      ~David

      I don’t know.
      ~David

  44. Shawn says:

    I found a half pint brown bottle with federal law prohibits sale or reuse of this bottle embossed around the top and D-I 56-51 in the center on the bottom. Can anyone tell me about it?

    • David says:

      Hi shawn,
      Your liquor bottle was made in 1951 by Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Many liquor bottles (especially of the 1940s-1970s or later) have a set of two numbers which follow this plan: The first number is a Liquor bottle permit number assigned to a particular glass company. In this case the “56” is a permit number assigned to Owens-Illinois. The second number is “51” which is a year date code for 1951, the year the bottle was manufactured. Here is a link to a list of liquor bottle permit numbers, and although the “56” is not listed (for the exact year the list was published) it is certainly a permit number assigned to Owens-Illinois since both “55” and “57” was assigned to them. https://sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/LiquorBottlePermits.pdf
      “D-1” is a distiller number. Most liquor bottles have “D-numbers” on the base which identified a particular distiller. For more info on the “Federal law Forbids……” phrase, see my webpage concerning that marking.
      ALSO……..I should add that the majority of bottles that are NON-LIQUOR do not follow this numbering configuration. If you have plenty of free time you might check out my pages on Owens-Illinois (and other glass companies such as Brockway, Thatcher, Illinois Glass, Anchor-Hocking, Hazel-Atlas and Ball) on this site.
      Hope this helps,
      David

  45. Jean Williams says:

    I have a green bottle that is 5.5cm tall. It is marked on the bottom as follows: center of the bottle has a scale. Above the scale is a “10.” Below the scale is a “3” ‘Owens-Illinois mark’ “1.” I believe the is the location and 1. is the year. Can you tell me anything about the scale and 10.?

    • David says:

      Jean,
      McKesson & Robbins used a weighing “scales” trademark which is seen embossed on the bottom of a lot of medical/chemical-related bottles and jars for their products. Many are made of emerald green glass, and manufactured by Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
      ~David

  46. Val says:

    Hello i have a vintage glass bottle that is completly plain with no writings on it but the bottom of the bottle it has the number 249 and below the number it appears to be a letter S. Can anybody give me some information? 249
    s

  47. Hi all,

    Anyone familiar with this logo:
    https://www.dropbox.com/s/5im78ei37wdrrxh/Capture.JPG?dl=0

    It’s supposed to be Swedish, probably. I’ve seen whiskey glasses bearing this logo.

    Thanks in advance.

  48. Dan McGrew says:

    S
    GCBCo
    Does any one recognize this?

  49. Larissa says:

    Hi Hilary, did you ever find out who is the maker of your bottle with the two deer logo? I have two glass pitchers with the same logo, and I am also wondering. Can’t find any information anywhere online! Thanks!

    • Diana says:

      I just found an old creamer with this mark and can’t find any info anywhere either! Would love to know more about it!

      • Diana says:

        wow, someone on one of my dish pages posted this – http://www.ebay.com/itm/Vintage-Cerve-Italy-Water-Juice-Handled-Serving-Pitcher-48oz-Glass-Hallmark-/151184683653 and yes it looks exactly like my little creamer tho I don’t have a ‘ Made in Italy ” on my mark.

        • David says:

          Hi Diana,
          I think you have helped solve the mystery of the “two deer facing” mark!! Apparently this mark is used by Cerve, based in Parma, Italy. It seems that Cerve S.p.A. is a wholesaler/retailer of decorated glassware of various types—they decorate glass which (I think) is actually made by other un-named glass companies in Italy. They were founded in 1953. On their website, they state the company name “Cerve” is from the words “CERamica-VEtro’ (Ceramics/Glass) although as time passed they came to concentrate more on glass rather than ceramics. I’m guessing they have an arrangement of some sort with glass companies to produce products with the deer logo as their official or unofficial trademark. Coincidentally (or not) the word for “deer” in Italian is “CERVO” and the word “CERVE” means “hinds” i.e., female red deer (plural).
          Best regards,
          David

  50. Glenn says:

    a very interesting sight and was 1st visit keep up the great work, glenn

  51. Julie says:

    I found a bottle with a big ‘PL’ on the bottom and what looks like a pitchfork underneath it. To the right on the bottom is a small ‘P’ with a circle around it.
    The metal lid says ‘Cocomalt’ and on the side of the glass jar it says ‘Physician’s Sample’. It’s a very light green jar, but not Vaseline glass.
    I looked through your site but could not find anything about it. It is a very nice piece and would like to know more about it.

    • David says:

      Julie,
      I’m not sure about the PL and pitchfork mark (seems like I’ve seen it before, but I have no info) but the “P inside a circle” stands for Pierce Glass Company.
      ~David

  52. Dave says:

    I have foung in the chelan washington area a bottle, 8oz its a lyric with an A17 in the diamond on the bottom, on the side is WILD ROOT with what looks like wheat stalks

  53. Brian says:

    http://imgur.com/fnY1dfa i would be very appreciative if you could tell me what kind of glass this is. please help!

    • David says:

      Brian, I’m not familiar with the mark, but it appears to be an etched “Crown” mark possibly used by a European company on finer “high end” glassware. Perhaps a reader will recognize it and identify the maker.
      ~David

  54. Jeff says:

    Anybody know what company embossed their bottles with the word “Best” on the bottom found a small bottle along with some bottles from the 1870’s was curious what it was cannot find any details

  55. Lloyd McWilliams says:

    As of this year, Anchor Glass was sold to an investment firm. It is no longer owned by Ardagh. The current symbol for anchor glass looks like a chevron with a dot in the center between the ends. I can send you a picture if you like. I am an employee.

    • David says:

      Hi Lloyd, thanks for your information. Yes, I would like to see a pic of the mark, and (with your permission) perhaps I can post it to my site. Any and all information is greatly appreciated!
      ~David

  56. Jeannine Dohnalik says:

    Looking for the manufacturer of a candy dish. Has G with looks like a lamp post running through the middle.

  57. Tamara Garza says:

    You also don’t have Longhorn Glass listed.. It is Anheuser-Busch-Inbev glass plant in Houston Texas…

  58. Tamara Garza says:

    in this ever changing world this info on this site needs update.. Saint Gobain Corporation a Glass manufacture needs added .. Saint-Gobain experienced significant success in the early 20th century. In 1918 the company expanded its manufacturing to bottles, jars, tableware and domestic glassware… But then was bought out by Ardagh in January 2013.. Now only 3 of the Anchor Plant you have listed under Anchor are with Ardagh now.. The rest are back to AGCC.. Tampa Headquarters is AGCC.. Ardagh’s North American Headquarters in in Muncie, IN (formally the Saint Gogain headquarters)..

  59. Gary Nelson says:

    I have a small peacock blue open salt. On the bottom is the letter ‘B’ inside a Diamond. Outside the diamond are 4 lines. Probably fairly modern, but I would like to know who made this glass salt.

    • David says:

      Gary, please see my page on Boyd Glass. (Link is in list of articles, situated along right-hand side of any page on this site).
      Best regards,
      David

  60. Kelly dunlap says:

    I have a brown glass bottle that is embossed with an anchor and rope. The stamp on the bottom appears to be a capital I inside a diamond and oval. Also stamped are the numbers D11 and 56-42. Any info on this bottle?

    • David says:

      Kelly, the email address you supplied was incorrect, as I tried to write you directly and got a “mailer daemon”. In any case, please check out my webpage on Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Your
      bottle is a liquor bottle that held whiskey or some other type of alcoholic beverage (as indicated by the diamond/I/oval marking).

      The date code is either 56, or 42, (1956 or 1942) but not sure which on
      this type of bottle. (Usually, such as on typical soda bottles made by
      Owens-Illinois, the date code is on the RIGHT hand side of the glass-maker’s
      mark. But in this case, and as frequently seen on some other liquor bottles, it is
      uncertain. The “D-11” is believed to refer to distillery information. Any Owens-Illinois bottle with a
      “D-number” such as D-2 or D-11 or D-26, is a liquor bottle.
      Best regards, David

  61. Julia Patrick says:

    On page one of Glass Manufacturer Marks, There is a picture of the bottom of a green glass bottle with a diamond. Who manufactured this bottle? Thank you.

    • David says:

      Hi Julia, That’s one of the Owens-Illinois Glass Company marks, used generally from 1929 to the mid and late 1950s. See may webpage with more examples of that and other O-I marks.
      ~David

  62. Everett Lafner Jr says:

    I have a large glass Basket with handlers mark on the bottom which looks like a daisy (6 petals) surrounded by a serrated like flower..similar to Fenton Glass handler Dave Vincent..I cant find the mark anywhere..help??!!??

  63. Dianna says:

    the mark of a crown…

  64. Dianna Hensley says:

    mark of a crown with a T in the middle of the crown

  65. David says:

    Hello Ken,
    Your bottle with the “H over an A” logo on the base is a product of Hazel-Atlas Glass Company. Please see my webpage on that company. Hazel-Atlas made tons of containers of every description and size over a period of many years (plus their “depression glass” from the 1920s and 1930s, and other tableware made throughout the 1940s, 50s and into the ’60s). The “B G K 5862” may be a code number or inventory designation for that particular style or design bottle.

    The other bottle was most likely made by Obear-Nestor Glass Company of East Saint Louis, Illinois. They made many types of bottles also, in tremendous numbers. I’m not familiar with that particular bottle, but they likely produced thousands of individually different container variants over their long history. Please see my entry for the “N” and “N in a square” marks. Hope this helps,
    David

  66. Terry Queen says:

    I found a clear glass bottle with the name W T RAWLEIGH CO with a mark o inside a square on the bottom of the bottle Freeport Ill. It still had the cork in the bottle. Just curious Terry

    • David says:

      Hi Terry, Please check out my individual pages on Rawleigh, and on Owens Bottle Company (look along right-hand side of any page for article titles and links). Large numbers of the Rawleigh bottles were made over many years. Hope this helps a bit.
      Take care,
      David

  67. Mary Ann Bautista says:

    I have a small glass fingernail polish with brush / has a wooden design cap with a g on top what do you think I have. Marianne

    • David says:

      Hi Mary Ann,
      If there aren’t any marks in the glass itself, I can’t speculate on who made it, or what the “G” stands for. Perhaps a reader will recognize what brand or company this represents. Best regards,
      ~David

  68. wynola helms says:

    Federal law forbids sale or re-use of this bottle on a clear 7 inch
    Bottle. Half pint. D-768 67 (symbol) 40. Had a scre
    Type lid. . 3 1/2″ wide. 1 1/2″ thick. Is this a whiskey bottle

    • David says:

      Yes. Any of the flat flasks with a “D-number” on the bottom contained some type of liquor such as whiskey, gin, vermouth, bourbon, vodka, etc. The “symbol” you mention might be the Owens-Illinois logo? (See my page on Owens-Illinois Glass Company showing alot of those marks).
      David

  69. Dawn Lindeman says:

    I found a small clear glass bottle w/cork. It is marked w/ 31v. It looks like it has another 3 on top of the other 3. Please help me identify this bottle.

  70. Jen S. says:

    Have you heard of any Cunningham & Ihmsen bottles being marked with “C & I” in an arc on the base of the bottle rather than a straight horizontal line? I found an aqua bottle base (probably export beer, based on size and similar bottles in the area) with this mark and can’t find anything else even close to this.

    • David says:

      Hi Jen, I’m assuming you have a handmade bottle with applied/tooled lip. If so, it is certainly a product of Cunningham & Ihmsen of Pittsburgh. I’m not aware of any other glassmaker that used such a mark.
      David

  71. rookie says:

    Hello – I recently picked up a blue Ball mason jar at a barn sale, and at the neck, it says “wire side” and beside that is a backwards number 4. Does anyone know if this is a mistake, or if it is fairly common. I’ve not seen it before. I also found a blue ball mason jar glass lid that has the script Ball on it. I’ve not seen that on a lid before. Any thoughts? Thank you!

    • David says:

      I would say they are both fairly common. The “wire side” type jar is one of the so-called “lightning closure” type jars. The mold number is occasionally seen embossed backwards. Backwards embossing is seen rather often, especially on older glass insulators and bottles. Although this is considered to be an “error”, I doubt if the company was all that greatly concerned about it. The mold engraver engraved the number correctly into the inside of the iron mold, so it appears backwards on the finished product. (To have a number or letter appear correctly on the surface of a glass item, the mold engraver has to carve it backwards into the mold. Sometimes, perhaps when they were in a big hurry or under time constraints, they forgot this). David

  72. ronald boykan says:

    hi, i have a decanter, it was advertised as baccarat, but doesn’t have any baccarat markings on it that i know of…there are 2 small jagged lines on the stopper and the bottom of the decanter. any idea of its maker? thanks, ron

    • David says:

      Hi Ronald,
      I don’t have enough knowledge or familiarity with Baccarat glass to offer you an opinion. In any case, most Baccarat glass (made before 1936) is not marked. Earlier pieces may have had a paper sticker/label which is no longer present. I will guess you have already seen this article online, but for others I will post the link here:
      Authenticating Baccarat Glass . Thanks for writing.
      David

  73. JJflynn-Gorman says:

    I’m recently interested in soda bottles after finding an amber coke bottle and selling it for 99.99-was just a number I came up with cause I’d never heard of a amber one.It was a very nice gentle man who paid for it and was very excited.Since then I’ve hunted down several old soda bottles pulling them up out of the places were you would think you could find them.It’s been great.Now dating bottles is tough do to the equipment used at different times in the industrial nature of America at those times,and pat.D.My problem is should I agree with the pat.D on the crown cap design of 1892-or go with a seam that ends 3/4 of the way up?Was this new Coco-Cola bottle from Indianapolis at a time of change seam ends short but has a crown cap design-so is it 1870-80 0r 1892-1910.Since I like selling them cause my ability hunt them is great I really like to know for sure.

    • David says:

      Hello JJflynn,
      First of all, let me assure you that it can be VERY difficult, if not impossible, to date a particular soda bottle to a specific year. In your case, we can be sure that if it has the “crown style” mouth, it dates sometime after 1892. That means it could date 5, 10, 20, 30 or even more years AFTER 1892.

      If your bottle has seams that “fade out” or appear “wiped”, and do not reach the very top of the bottle, it shows it to be a hand-made bottle. Handblown bottles were continued to be made into the 1920s and even later in some cases. Some glass factories switched over to machine production much sooner than others, often depending on their financial situation.

      Be careful about accepting everything “point-blank” you read on the internet. There are sites with lots of false, or just partially true, or outright misleading information on them. For instance, the exact length of vertical mold seams on antique bottles (speaking in general, not just soda bottles). The length of a mold seam before it fades out, the position on the bottle (such as shoulder versus neck), or the percentage (such as 3/4 of the way up) CANNOT be relied on to indicate year of production.

      I’m not sure I understand what you are saying about the bottle’s origin. Is it marked with the Indianapolis city name?
      The most important piece of evidence you can find is a makers’ mark. If there is NO glass manufacturer’s mark present (if there is one, it may be very faint, along the lower heel area), then we have to go on to other characteristics, such as the mold seams, and lip type. In your case, I believe (but am not sure) that the early amber straight-sided crown-top Coke bottles date from the general time period of about 1900 to 1920. You may try searching the internet for Coca Cola bottles sites with more specific info on the earlier “straight-sides” bottles.

      Can you email me a photo of the bottle, and of the markings (if possible) to the email address given at the very bottom of any page on this site.
      Thanks alot, David
      (NOTE): a reply/ more text on this thread is posted in the comments section of “Page 3” of the Glass Bottle Marks pages here: Glass Bottle Marks – Page 3″>

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  75. Myles Schubert says:

    I found a bottle at a local river recently and can not identify it. The writing on the sides says Highland Bottling Company, Quality Our Motto, Balto, MD. The bottom of the bottle reads SJ&S. I have never heard of this mark. The bottom sides of the bottle read 236 B 4, 7 Oz fluid Rec. Has anybody heard of this mark or the Highland Bottling Company?

    • David says:

      Hi Myles,
      I don’t know anything about the bottle, but am posting your query here. Hopefully someone may have more info for you. I am guessing that the “S J & S” are initials for the actual business firm (such as the last names of three co-proprietors) that owned/operated the Highland Bottling Company. I don’t think it stands for a glass company name, although I could be wrong.
      Best regards,
      David

    • eva says:

      … and Sons ? just an idea

  76. Luke says:

    What glass bottle mark is that on the very first picture at the top of the page?? I just found a bottle outside my house with the same mark and would love to know the origin!

    • David says:

      Hi Luke,
      I am assuming you mean the “L in a square”? Details on “page two” here: Glass Bottle Marks–2. Also, on the right is the base of a bottle made by Fairmount Glass Company (F in a hexagon).
      ~David

      • Luke says:

        Nope I am talking about the top of page 1 a-e there is a mark on green glass that looks like a 0 with a ring around it.

        • David says:

          Luke, I thought you meant one of the 3 random rotating “header” photos that appear at the very top of every page on this site. OK, now I know what you mean. The mark was used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, and for some more info and a number of different pictures of that mark, please check out this page: Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
          Hope this helps~
          Thanks! David

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  78. eileen jones says:

    i have a rectangular green glass container w a wooden lid marked waterline.wondering what it is and what it is worth. paid $15 at a tag sale recently no on bottom kxg7

  79. Hilary says:

    Hi all I have a glass jar with coloured flowers on it, and a brown wooden twist top, It has a stamp of two deers facing each other, and a number has anyone seen this stamp, or know which country it was made in and year ?.

    • David says:

      Hilary, I’m posting your query, so perhaps someone landing on this site might have more info. I don’t know anything about it. It seems I have heard about a logo with 2 deer facing each other, but have no info on this mark.
      David

      • Gary says:

        any luck Hilary I have the same problem trying to identify the maker’s mark, either 2 stags facing each other, 2 deer, 2 reindeer, 2 bucks.

        Gary

      • David says:

        Update: Hilary, the maker of the “two deer” mark has been identified. Sorry this addon comment is late! Please check out the mark shown in the “D” listings under “Deer”. Info discovered by “Diana” and posted on November 10, 2015 has shown us who it is…… Cerva S.p.A., in Parma, Italy (1953 to date). Not sure if the mark itself was used during that entire time period, or if is currently in use.
        David

  80. I found a green glass 10 ounce bottle about 7and three quarter inches tall. The top half of the bottle is rough glass, like pock marks. The top is inscribed with 10 FL OZ. Beneath this is NO DEPOSIT. On the otherside of the top is written 10 FL OZ. with NO RETURN written below. On the bottom it has a C NOT TO BE REFILLED 67 in a semi circle. Beneath the words TO BE I see 2 small vertical lines with 2 small horizontal lines to the right of them. Near the 67 I see II : The only other mark I see appears to be a very small letter in a circle. I think the bottle must have had a label, thus no engraving on the bottle to identify the product. Can you help? Thanks

    • David says:

      Carol, I am assuming it is a soda bottle. The “67” is probably a date code for 1967. The “very small letter in a circle” is probably the glass manufacturers’ mark. For instance, if it is a C in a circle, that would be Chattanooga Glass Company, if it is an “I in a circle” (or oval), that would be Owens-Illinois Glass Company. Yes, it would have had a paper label on the side. Sounds typical of “No Deposit / No Return” marked bottles (soda and beer) which were very prevalent during the 1960s and 1970s.
      David

      • Tiffany says:

        I do not have a question but I would just like to say thank you for all the info you have compiled for everyone and the time it has taken and does take you to gather all the information and answer everyone’s questions! Your work is truly appreciated and is a great guide when trying to learn about glass bottles, makers marks, dating, and the processes used over the years to produce these bottles!

        Thank You again
        Tiffany H

        • David says:

          Hi Tiffany,
          I really appreciate your kind words about the site! Thank you very much, and I hope you continue to check back in often!
          Take care, David

          • Barbara says:

            I have a 18” light blue mason jar. Assume it is about 5 gallon. Are these rare or just a “replica” of the mason jars? Has American eagle and Star on it.

            • David says:

              Hi Barbara,
              It is my understanding (although I am NOT 100% positive about this) that there were originally large pickle jars of similar style made in the late 1800s or early 1900s. But the great majority of those found today are replicas, or “fantasy” jars, made and used as decoration or conversation pieces. Sometimes they are filled with coins or other objects. I think many of them were made in about 1976, the bicentennial year of the United States.
              Best regards, David

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