Wax Sealer Fruit Jars – List of Primary Markings

List of known “Wax Sealer” Style Fruit Jars   —  Primary Markings

The following is a summary of primary markings embossed on glass wax sealer type fruit jars (most of them made in the United States).  The majority of these jars date from the 1850s into the early 1900s. Their height of popularity was probably the 1870s and 1880s. Wax sealer jars were used in large quantities for preserving foods during that time period, and this style of fruit jar was somewhat of a competitor to the “Mason’s Patent Nov 30th 1858” style of screw lid jars.

Many of the (attributed) glass companies listed on this page can also be found on the Glass Bottle Marks pages, under their respective mark entries, with more information (if known) on their dates of operation.

Wax Sealer - marked F H on base.

Wax Sealer fruit jar – made by Frederick Heitz, St. Louis. “F H” on base.

The wax sealer jars were made with a circular “grooved ring” around the top, into which liquid sealing wax was poured, with a tin lid in place. This method of preserving was fraught with problems, and as time went on, the Mason-style jars eventually won out in popularity. Similar wax seal-type jars were made of pottery and stoneware, but this list only covers those types made of glass.

CREDIT: The list of embossed markings  below has been extracted, with permission, from the invaluable reference book “THE FRUIT JAR WORKS , Volume 1” compiled by Alice Creswick which was published in 1995 by Douglas M. Leybourne, Jr.  

Doug is the publisher of the “REDBOOK” price guide series for antique and collectible fruit jars. The latest edition of the Redbook can be purchased at the  Redbookjars.com website.  

A few of the glassmaker attributions included below reflect information found since TFJW was published.  

Note: Recent editions of the Redbook includes many fruit jar listings that were not covered in the original TFJW books, so there may be other wax sealers in the latest Redbook that are not shown in the list below. 

There are minor variations in the exact appearance of different wax sealers. The most common size holds about one quart, and second in commonness would be the half-gallon size jars.  Other sizes are known, but are much less commonly seen.

The exact profile (angle of shoulder, height, exact dimensions of the groove channel) can vary somewhat between examples made by different companies.

Wax sealer groove ring lip

Wax sealer jar – typical groove ringed top

 

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PRIMARY MARKING – (USUALLY ON BASE, SOMETIMES ON THE FACE OF THE JAR) ,  and attributed glass manufacturer:

A  ……………..     Unknown (may be mold letter).

A.B.G.M.CO. ………….  Adolphus Busch Glass Mnfg Co, St. Louis, MO.

John Agnew & Son…………………………………………John Agnew & Son, Pittsburgh, PA.

John Agnew & Son, Pittsburgh PA ……………… John Agnew & Son, Pittsburgh, PA.

A.G.W.L. PITTS. PA. …………….. American Glass Works, Limited,  Pittsburgh, PA.

A.H.T.CO. PHILADA USA   ……………………… Uncertain.

Air Tight Fruit Jar…………………………Ravenna Glass Works, Ravenna, OH.

B ……………….. May be mold letter; manufacturer unknown.

Ball  Standard ……………….  Ball Bros Glass Company,  Muncie, IN.

B. P. & Co. …………………… Beck, Philips & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

C …………………….. Uncertain (might be a mold letter).  In some cases, may possibly stand for Cunningham & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

C. CO.  2 MILW…………………….  Chase Valley Glass Company, Milwaukee, WI.

C D E (stylized vertical arrangement of letters, on base) ………….. Unknown.

A. & D. H. Chambers / Union Fruit Jar / Pittsburgh, PA ……………..Alexander & David H Chambers, Pittsburgh, PA.

Compton & Batchelder, Cleveland, O. ……………….. Unknown.

Cunningham & Co. (or, Cunningham’s & Co.)  Pittsburgh PA ……………………Cunningham’s & Company, Pittsburgh PA.

C & I ……………………….. Cunningham’s and Ihmsen, Pittsburgh, PA.

Cunningham’s & Ihmsen, Pittsburgh, Pa Patd 1868 ………….Same as above.

Cunningham’s & Company, LIM ………………….Cunningham’s & Company Limited, Pittsburgh, PA.

Cutting & Co. / San Francisco ………………… Uncertain, but possibly Pacific Glass Works, San Francisco  (1862-1876).  It is also possible this jar was made during the earlier, short-lived operation of Baker & Cutting, a small glassworks in San Francisco in business circa 1859-1860.  Francis Cutting was one of the partners in Baker & Cutting, and also had some involvement in the formation of the Pacific Glass Works.

D (fancy gothic script) …………. Unknown.

D (fancy script, not as detailed as gothic) ……………..Unknown.

D ……………… Unknown (might be mold letter) .

D (and a triangle embossed on base) ………….Unknown.

Dictator (Wm McCully & Co.  embossed on base) ………………….Wm McCully & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Dictator // Patented D. I. Holcomb / Dec. 14TH 1869 ………… (Wm. McCully & Co. embossed on base)……………………. Same as above.

Dillon Glass Co.  Fairmount, IND. (base) ………………………Dillon Glass Company, Fairmount, Indiana.

Dillon G. Co. Fairmount, IND. (base) …………………..Same as above.

D with “J” inside  (base) …………………….. Unknown.

D.O.C. …………………… Dominic O. Cunningham Glass Company, Pittsburgh , PA.

D. S. G. Co …………….. DeSteiger Glass Company, LaSalle, Illinois.

E 1 (also E 2; E 5 jars known) ………………………. possibly Edward H. Everett Glass Company (Newark Star Glass Works), Newark, Ohio.

Eclipse, The (on front of jar) ……………Possibly made by LaBelle Glass Company, Bridgeport, OH.

Economy Sealer Pat’d Sept 15 1885 ……………… Prob. LaBelle Glass Company, Bridgeport, OH (1872-1888)

E.H.E. Co …………………………..Edward H. Everett (Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH).

E.H.E. Co (S. K. & Co. / star on base)……………………..Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH. (Shields, King & Company proprietors at that time).

F.A. & CO. ………………  Fahnstock, Albree & Company, Pittsburgh PA.

Fahnstock, Albree & Co. Pitts PA ………………. Same as above.

F. B. Co …………………. Findlay Bottle Company, Findlay, OH.

F.C.G.CO……………………..  Falls City Glass Company, Louisville, KY.

F.H. (on base) …………………….Frederick Heitz Glass Works, St. Louis, MO (1883-1896).

F. H. G. W. ……………………..Same as above.

C.L.Flaccus / Pittsburgh ………………………… C.L. Flaccus Glass Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Wm. Frank & Sons Pitts. ………………….. William Frank & Sons, Pittsburgh, PA.

G Co.  / X 1 ……………………  Unknown.

H (offset to one side of base…may be H & R variant …………………… possibly Greenfield Fruit & Bottle Company, Greenfield, IN.

H & R (stands for Hollweg & Reese) ………………….Greenfield Fruit & Bottle Company, Greenfield, IN.

H & L …………….Uncertain, possibly Hartell & Letchworth, Philadelphia,  PA.

C. K. HALLE & CO. No. 121 Water St – Cleveland O…………….  Glassmaker unknown (Halle in business c. 1866-1870).

I (on front) // Letter “C” (on base)………………..  Unknown.

I G Co ……………………..Illinois Glass Company, Alton, Illinois.

C. Ihmsen & Son Pittsburgh, PA. …………………C. Ihmsen & Son, Pittsburgh, PA.

Mnf’d by Indpls. Glass Works, Indianapolis, IND…………………. Indianapolis Glass Works, Indianapolis, IN.

K (on base) …………….. Probably  Kearns & CO / Kearns,Herdman & Gorsuch, Zanesville, OH.

K.H. & G. Z. O. ………………………. Kearns, Herdman & Gorsuch, Zanesville, Ohio.

KY.G.W. ………………………..Kentucky Glass Works Company, Louisville, KY.

KY.G.W.CO. ………………………….Kentucky Glass Works Company, Louisville, KY.

L. G. Co. ……………………… Probably Lindell Glass Company,  St. Louis, MO.

Lindell Glass Co. (base) ………………………….. Lindell Glass Company, St. Louis, MO.

L & W (cursive, on front) ………………. Lorenz and Wightman, Pittsburgh, PA.

Mastodon (front) T.A.Evans Pittsburgh,PA (base) ………………….. Thomas A. Evans / Mastodon Works, Pittsburgh, PA.

M C Co (may be a “G”…… If not, possibly W. McCully & Company,   Pittsburgh, PA). See M G CO.

S. McKee & Co. Pitts. PA. …………….S.(Samuel) McKee & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

S. McKee & Co. ………………S.(Samuel) McKee & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

M.F.G.Co. …………………. probably Marion Flint Glass Company, Marion, IN.

M. F. J. CO. …………………….. Marion Fruit Jar & Bottle Company, Marion, IN.

M.G.CO. ………………………Mississippi Glass CO and/or Missouri Glass Co, both St. Louis, MO.

M. J. Co ……………….Unknown.

MOSS B (on base)…………………. Unknown.

M & L // Mueller & Lindsay/Birmingham Glass Co Pitts PA ………………….Birmingham Flint Glass Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Mutual Glass Co. PITT. …………………Mutual Glass Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

N (within star, on base) ……………………Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH.

N (next to star, on base) ……………………Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH.

NO. 1 (on front) ………………. perhaps Union Flint Glass Works, Pittsburgh, PA.

O (on base) ………………..Unknown.

OGCo (monogram on base) …………………….probably Olean Glass Company, Olean, New York.

No. 2 Ohio / Made by Ohio Fruit Jar Company…………………. Ohio Fruit Jar Company (may be distributor, not glass company), Upper Sandusky, OH.

Patent Applied For / S. K. & Co./ N within a star………………… Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH (Shields,King & CO).

Patent SEPT. 18. 1860 ……………..Hemingray Glass Company, Covington, KY.

The Penn // Beck Phillips & CO. Pitts, PA…………. Beck, Phillips & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

The Pet // Beck Phillips & CO. Pitts, PA. …………..Beck, Phillips & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Pioneer (0n base, with either ‘1’ or ‘2’ mold number) ……………..possibly Pioneer Glass Works, Birmingham, AL (c.1888-1889).

Port (on base) ………………..Port Glass Company, Muncie, IN.

Potter & Bodine’s Air-Tight Fruit Jar Philada ………………. Potter & Bodine (Bridgeton Glass Works, Bridgeton, NJ) (pontil scarred).

Putnam Glass Works, Zanesville, O. …………………..Putnam Flint Glass Works, Zanesville, Ohio (1852-1871).

Rau’s Improved Groove Ring Jar – Pat applied for ……………………..Fairmount Glass Company, Fairmount, IN.

Reynold’s Steen & CO. (around shoulder)……………………. Unknown.

R G W 1857 (incised on base, not embossed) ……………..possibly Ravenna Glass Works, Ravenna, OH.

S ………………….. Unknown (could be mold letter).

San Francisco Glass Works ………………………..San Francisco Glass Works, San Francisco, CA (1865-1876).

M. Seller & CO. / Portland, O. …………………………Possibly San Francisco & Pacific Glass Works, SF, CA (1876-c.1901).

S.G.CO. …………………..probably Southern Glass Company/Works, Louisville, KY (1877-c.1885).

S.G.W. LOU. KY. …………….Southern Glass Works, Louisville, KY (1877-c.1885).

S.K. & CO. (on base, star in center) ………………….Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH. Shield, King & CO were owners at that time.

J. P. Smith Son & CO, Pittsburgh ………………..J.P. Smith Son & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

SOU G W ……………………Southern Glass Works, Louisville, KY (1877-c.1885).

Standard // Indianapolis Glass Works IND. (on base) …………………Indianapolis Glass Works, Indianapolis, IN (1869-1877).

Standard // W. McC & Co. ………………….William McCully & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Standard // Wm. McCully & Co …………………….William McCully & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Standard // W. McCully & Co. …………………………William McCully & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Standard // W. Mc C ………………………..William McCully & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Star (large star emblem on base)…………… Uncertain – Alice Creswick states possibly Sydenham Glass Works, Wallaceburg, Ontario.

Star Glass Co. / New Albany, Ind. …………………Star Glass Company, New Albany, IN (1869-c.1880).

Stevens Tin Top / Patd July 27, 1875 ……………………….Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, OH.

A. Stone & Co. Philada  [A. Stone was jobber, not glass manufacturer]…………………… Cunninghams & CO, Cunningham & Ihmsen, Pittsburgh.

Tempered / Mo. G. Co. ……………………….Missouri Glass Company, St. Louis, MO.

U. G. Co. ………………………..Union Glass Company, Philadelphia, PA.

Union (on front) // L & C (on base) ……………………………. James B. Lyon & Co., Union Flint Glass Works, Pittsburgh, PA.

Union NO 1 ………………..Union Flint Glass Works, Pittsburgh, PA , or Beaver Falls Glass Company, Beaver Falls, PA.

Union No 3 // Beaver Falls Glass Co / Beaver Falls Pa…………………… Beaver Falls Glass Co, Beaver Falls, PA.

U S / Patented May 12 1863 ………………………..E. Wormser Glass Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

W (on front, cursive script)  ……………..some jars were formerly “L & W”, and the L was removed from the mold………………..probably Thomas Wightman & Co, Pittsburgh, PA.

W (on base)………………………………….Uncertain, possibly Thomas Wightman & Co.

W & Co. (base)……………………………..probably Thomas Wightman & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

W. & Co. Pittsburgh (on base)………………………. Thomas Wightman & Company, Pittsburgh, PA.

Western Pride / Patented June 22, 1875 ……………………Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, Ohio.

Weyman’s Copenhagen Trademark Snuff ……………..Unknown.

W. G. & Co. ………………………Unknown.

W. G. Co. ……………………..Uncertain, possibly Wisconsin Glass Company, Milwaukee.

W. W. V. A. S. F. & Co. (in circle around base) ………………………possibly Frank Glass Co, Wellsburg, WV.

2, 3, 4 or other number (small, plain embossing) ………..Uncertain, probably any of a number of glass companies.

2, 3, 4, etc (Very large, bold, ornate number) …………………….Hemingray Glass Company, Covington, KY.

2 Large X’s ………………………Unknown maker.

Design something like Tic-Tac-Toe ……………………Unknown maker.

Two parallel lines, rather widely separated on base. ………………….Unknown.

Square with six dots within it…………………….. Unknown.

Very large “X” or “+ sign, lines extending to edge of base …………………Unknown.

Diamond mark ……………………Unknown.

3 dots ……………………..Unknown.

Five dots – arranged like on a domino……………… Unknown.

Triangle………………………. Unknown.

I – I …………………………..Unknown.

Double-lined cross (something like Maltese cross) …………….Unknown.

Unmarked (found in many different shades of color) …………………….Unknown.

Skull and crossbones on front ……………………Unknown (one jar reported).

Unmarked (Hinge-mold type seam across base) ……………..Unknown.

Unmarked (Iron pontil mark on base, “fatter” jar) ……………….. Unknown.

Unmarked (Slightly recessed square panel on front) ………………..Unknown.

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