Glass Containers Corporation, Fullerton, California

Glass Containers, Inc. (1933-1955)  Vernon, California 

Glass Containers Corporation (1956-c.1984)  Headquarters in Fullerton, California beginning in 1959

G/C    G C    G over C (several design variations of this mark exist, see pics below).

Glass Containers, Incorporated was established in 1933 at Vernon, California. A general line of utilitarian bottles and jars were made there.  GC later had 3 bottle-making locations in California, until 1968, when they purchased all (10) of the Knox Glass Company-owned  plants, resulting in a total of 13 glass manufacturing facilities.    These included plants at Vernon, CA; Antioch, California;  Palestine, Texas, and others.  (this info is taken from Bottle Makers and their Marks, Julian Toulouse, 1971).  Up until the late 1960s, the bottles produced by Glass Containers tended to be more heavily distributed in CA and the Western areas of the United States, although they may be found anywhere in the country.

Later "rounded letter" "G C" mark used by Glass Containers, Inc. Exact timeline of use uncertain. (Photo courtesy of Jason Carpenter)

Later “G C” mark used by Glass Containers Corp.  Exact timeline of use uncertain. (Photo courtesy of Jason Carpenter)

G C mark- angularG C mark - rounded (does this mark really exist on bottles?)


Glass Containers mark

There is uncertainty and confusion about the exact date ranges during which the GC mark variations were used.  The “angularly-arranged in a vertical formation” version of the mark (hand-drawn here, and shown in the bottle base picture submitted by Michael Aden, farther down on this page)  is stated as being first used on bottles in 1945 (according to Toulouse, BM&TM, page 220) but may date from as early as 1933.  That mark appears on the base of many California-region soda and other bottles from the 1940s and 1950s.

Arthur G.Peterson, in “400 Trademarks on Glass” (1968:49) indicates at least one variation of the GC trademark was used beginning in 1933, but he does not picture it.  He was possibly referring to the angular mark mentioned above, but at this time it is unclear what mark is meant.

The hand-drawn “rounded” version (as shown on right, dated by Toulouse as circa 1935-1940) may or may not exist; although it is similar to examples of the later mark shown, it is supposed to be somewhat more rounded and closely entwined, as illustrated in Julian Toulouse’s Bottle Makers and their Marks.   Please contact me if you have seen it in person on a glass container!


Another “G C” mark (which looks somewhat like a stylistic G or “6” placed above a lower-case “e”)  was definitely used by Glass Containers Corporation for some period of time subsequent to the “angularly arranged” mark, but the exact time range is uncertain.   One photo (courtesy of Jason Carpenter) shows the mark on the bottom of a 1979 clear ketchup bottle.  Another photo shows the mark (spray-painted with matte gray paint to help bring out the lettering which was faint) on a bottle base shard that is undated.

I’m also attaching a photo of that same “more recent” mark, here as seen on the heel of a green glass “stubby” style beer bottle.

Glass Containers Corporation beer bottle (pic courtesy of Steve Debigare)

Glass Containers Corporation beer bottle (pic courtesy of Steve Debigare)

GC mark on heel of green "stubby" type beer bottle.

GC mark on heel of emerald green “stubby” type beer bottle (photo courtesy of Steve Debigare)

I would appreciate it if anyone can put forth an accurate timeline on the exact years these mark variations were used.  I would especially like to hear from any former GC employees who can provide more clarifying information.


CGC Glass Containers Corporation mark

Container General Corporation mark (1983-1985)

NOTE: Another mark … an entwined “C G C” as it appears on the bottom of a bottle with a 1984 date code is pictured on this page…… and from information sent to me by Doug (of this is the mark used by Container General Corporation, a short-lived enterprise that was formed as a merger between Glass Containers Corporation and Chattanooga Glass Company based in Chattanooga, TN, in 1983. The Container General Corporation was then acquired by Diamond Bathurst in 1985. (See Diamond Glass Company, Royersford, PA page).

 NOTE:  Here is some information supplied to me via several emails, from Roger McLord, an employee of Glass Containers Corporation in the 1969-1977 period:

“Norton Simon Inc. acquired Glass Containers Corporation prior to my employment in 1969.   GCC then had the funds to merge/acquire Fairmount Glass, headquartered in Indianapolis, and Knox Glass, headquartered in Knox, PA.   (The three original Glass Containers, Inc. plants were located at: Vernon, California,   Antioch, California,  and Palestine, Texas.)

“Fairmount Glass had plants in Indianapolis, IN, Gas City IN, and Atlanta, GA.  Knox Glass had plants in Knox,  Oil City, Parker,  and Marienville, PA;  Baltimore, Maryland;  Jackson, MS  and Dayville, CT.  (Dayville was the largest plant owned by GCC).   This would bring the total number of GCC plants to 13 at the time of the acquisitions in 1968.  There were 13 glass manufacturing plants, as above, and six sales offices. There were two mold shops: one in Fullerton, CA and one in Knox, PA with additional engineers located in Indianapolis.  There were three distinct manufacturing administrations under the Vice President of Operations, reflected by the previous corporate structures. Eastern Area (Knox, PA) Central Area (Indianapolis) and Western Area, (Fullerton, CA).  After I left, I heard that GCC was bought by Containers Glass Corporation from Atlanta.”    Thank you Roger!

Mystery Bottle – Could this be a Glass Containers Corp. bottle??   –   Unidentified G. C. CO. mark

I’m posting this on my site in case any readers would have some info that sheds light on a particular bottle. (Pics are courtesy of Anthony Herren). This container appears to date from sometime in the 1920s-1950s era, is marked “G. C. CO” on the base, and indicates a design patent was issued: number 78426. This might have held a type of toiletry, lotion, hair oil, cologne, or other cosmetic? Maybe a liquid shoe polish, an insecticide, or a cleaning agent?? A search of the U.S. patent records show that this number (assumedly would be from 1929) has no apparent connection with any bottle or glass-related design. Perhaps the 5-digit number was incorrectly embossed, with one or two digits “off”?  What does “G.C.CO” stand for?  Perhaps G____ Cosmetic Company?   G_____ Chemical Company??  Suggestions are welcome!

Base of "mystery bottle". (Photo courtesy of Anthony Herren)

Base of “mystery bottle”. (Photo courtesy of Anthony Herren)

Profile of bottle. (Photo courtesy of Anthony Herren).

Profile of bottle. (Photo courtesy of Anthony Herren).

Sugar Shaker / Jar  (posted May 19, 2017):  Another bottle with the mark “G.C.Co.” on the base has been reported to me several times over the last 2 years (by Matt Nesbitt, Kim Pettiet, Joe, and Kimberly Glasser; please see their comments farther down on this page).

It has ten vertical flutes (panels). I recently came across an example of one, and have photographed it for this webpage.  It was dug with other bottles dating mostly from the 1930s-1940s era.  I have doubts the mark has anything to do with Glass Containers, Inc, but am posting it on this page anyway. The mold number “6” appears on this one, but other examples bear other single-digit mold numbers. The number “890” is evidently the style number assigned to that design by the factory.

As of today, this “G.C.Co” mark remains unidentified. Feedback is sought on identity of the user of the mark. It appears to be a container meant to be used as a shaker for salt, pepper or sugar.  (I found other instances of the same type of shaker listed in ebay auctions, usually fitted with a painted metal perforated lid).  I suspect the style of container might have also been sold retail already filled with prepared mustard or some other type of condiment.  See next two pics:

G.C.Co. bottle (probably mustard, could be reused as pepper shaker if fitted with a perforated lid)

G.C.Co. jar, 3 and 1/2 inches tall. Possibly held mustard, or sold as a sugar shaker, fitted with a perforated lid)

Base of G. C. Co. mustard jar.

Base of G. C. Co. shaker or mustard jar.











Los Angeles Brewing Company flask with horse & horseshoe design.

Here’s a rather unusual bottle, evidently a liquor flask, with pictures sent to me by Michael Aden.  It has the “angular” GC mark on the base, as discussed above, but information is lacking on exactly when it was made. Comments are invited!


"Angular" Glass Containers Corporation mark, used beginning circa 1933- 1960s? This example appears on the base of a clear decorative spirits bottle embossed with a horse head inside a horseshoe design, and the words "Los Angeles Brewing Company", perhaps a limited-edition bottle made during the 1930s or 1940s for a polo club? (Photo courtesy of Michael Aden)

“Angular” Glass Containers, Incorporated mark, used beginning circa 1933- 1960s? This example appears on the base of a clear decorative spirits bottle embossed with a horse head inside a horseshoe design, and the words “Los Angeles Brewing Company”, perhaps a limited-edition bottle made during the 1930s or 1940s for a polo club? (Photo courtesy of Michael Aden)

Spirits bottle with "Angular" Glass Containers, Inc. mark on base, as shown in accompanying pic. (Photo courtesy of Michael Aden).

“Los Angeles Brewing Company” spirits bottle with “Angular” Glass Containers, Inc. mark on base, as shown in accompanying pic.  If anyone has more info on the history of this bottle, please contact me. (Photo courtesy of Michael Aden).















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54 Responses to Glass Containers Corporation, Fullerton, California

  1. We also found the 10-panel fluted sugar or salt shaker jar with “C. C. CO” on our property in Grass Valley, CA while clearing our land. It’s identical to the one pictured in the “Sugar/Shaker Jar” post from May, 2017 except that it shows “2” and “890A” in addition to the logo.

    Another pharmacy bottle in the same area appear to be from the early 1900s made by Illinois Glass Company before it merged to Owens Illinois (just diamond inside the I). This leads us to think the glass may date from the same era, since we believe there was mining activity on our property sometime between 1900 and 1929.

    Great site, thank you for sharing your thorough research!

    • David says:

      Hi Karen,
      Thank you very much for your post! I would certainly like to know what the “G.C.Co” stands for, and maybe we will find out soon! BTW, the first letter is probably supposed to be a “G”, as there is a barely discernible, very short downward stroke on the lower right of the letter, differentiating it just slightly from the “C”.
      Take care,

  2. Bill Aldridge says:

    Hi Roger, l want to follow up on what happen to all the GCC employees. I was one during period 1970 – 1980. Do you know if anyone has any knowledge about them.
    Thanks for any help you can provide.

    • Roger McLord says:

      Hi Bill, Where did you work? I only know that my former boss, Maury Paul passed away in 1988. I always had the greatest respect for him and he was a wonderful person to work for. I began with GCC in Fullerton in May of 1969 and left in the fall of 1977. Your name seems familiar to me. What capacity did you work in?

    • Sam Harvey says:

      Well I’m alive and well and I worked for GCC from 1969 to 1982. I was plant manager of Palestine from 1973-1978, Vernon from 1978-1981. Antioch from 1981-1982. Katie Gore who was purchasing agent when I was in Vernon lives in AZ. Bob Shurbert VP Manufacturing died about 4 years ago in FL. Roger Levekulics (probably wrong spelling) who was plant manager at Hayward and Antioch was living in San Diego. Had some health problems. Don’t know about him. That about sums it up about what I know.

  3. Joseph wetherbee says:

    Did they make Coke bottles? I’m from Dayvile Ct and found they had a Glass Co here. But I cant find any info on them making Coke bottles.

  4. Parker says:

    I found a 3 tiered glass bottle that had the angular GC logo I posted photos of it here ( it has the numbers 3173 and the #6 at the bottom to the left of the logo there’s a S and to the right is a 5

    • David says:

      Hi Parker,
      I don’t know anything about the bottle, but it seems vaguely familiar as if I have seen a similar one at a flea market or somewhere. I am guessing the bottle might have contained olive oil or some type of condiment, but I can’t say for sure. It might date from the 1960s or 1970s?? Thanks for writing,

  5. Jason says:

    The bottle you showed with the pat. in it. There is a 4 above the s and 3 below the c. I’m glad I’ve figured out how to use this site better now, I have many to research.

  6. Planet Rider says:

    I found a 16-sided bottle that looks like it was used for ketchup in Edmonton, Alberta. It has the intertwined GC logo. To the left of these vertically entwined letters is a C and to the right is a 3. There are the numbers 3267 on the bottom (likely the mould number) as well as a number 8 below that (perhaps the month it was manufactured).

    • David says:

      I can’t comment with much certainty about your bottle, other than this: I am fairly sure the “8” would not indicate a month. Although many glass companies did mark their bottles with date codes, in most cases a number (or numbers) stands for the last one or two digits of the year. In no case were months indicated. Engraving a date code for the current month would have been considered unnecessary, time consuming, and inevitably more expensive.
      Best regards, David

      • Jay says:

        I found a bottle, with the GC on it similar to the last bottle in a diamond shape. It is a screw top bottle with multiple “4/5 Quart” around the bottom of the bottom. On the bottom side of the bottle, next to the GC is a 15 and below that is 4725. Any ideas? The bottle also resembles a wine bottle or a old whiskey bottle.

  7. Just found the bottom of a brown/amber bottle, with the angular GC marking, on my beach walk today. S to the left of the logo. Under logo is 1-WAY, under that 4801, under that 23. A portion of the bottom is missing…not surprising having tumbled in the ocean for many a year. Would this have been a beer bottle?

  8. Jonathan Cheever says:

    I have a 750 ml bottle with a metal screw top. GC on bottom (same as pictured example) also reads CWCI as well as a faint 1, 133 and a big angled 13 all on bottom. Please help me identify?

  9. Madeline Putney says:

    I found a mason jar with the angular logo on the bottom today, but the mason jar is round, and not squared. I believe I remember reading somewhere that all glass makers started using the squared design when America entered WWII because it was found to be the most efficient way to hold things. If that’s right, then the angular logo certainly pre-dates 1945 I think?

  10. Barbara Randall says:

    I have that angular glass marking on a whiskey bottle with the Federal law prohibits on collar, half pint on lower collar and D-2, 128-59, – on left side and angular GC marking on right side. According to everything I read the D-2 was the old Quaker whiskey distillery. Your page is the only page where I have been able to find that angular marking. I believe the 59 is the year.

    • David says:

      Hi Barbara,
      Thank you for your post, and I believe you are correct. I believe the “128” is a liquor bottle permit number assigned to Glass Containers, Inc (or Glass Containers Corporation), and “59′ is a date code for 1959.

  11. Sam Harvey says:

    The carboys were manufactured automatically on an Owens machine in Alton, Ill. It made 3 a minute and only used every other head because of the heavy pull on the furnace. It was still in operation in 1964 when I left the plant and went to Toledo. It is recognized by very heavy scarring in the glass on the bottom where the knife cut it off in the blank. I don’t remember the size but they were commonly use on water fountains. As far as I remember it was the only auto machine making them. Might be from that operation.

  12. Eddie G. says:

    Have a hand blown glass carboy abot 13 gal capacity. It has a mark of 1964 and GPD on the bottom with Gardena California. I cant find any history references to the manufacturer. Do you know who this ie?

    • David says:

      Eddie, according to this pdf file (from the GPD mark stands for “Glass Products Division” of the Arrowhead and Puritas Water Company of California. However, I don’t know what glass manufacturer actually MADE these carboys (large water bottles) that were distributed in CA and perhaps some of the other western states.
      Hope this helps a bit,

      • Robert Moore says:

        David, Thank you for the information. I have a similar bottle with a 1959 date. According to the person I purchased it from, this bottle was brought home from Millville (NJ) Glass Works by her Grandfather who stated that the bottles were made in the plant.

  13. rubberbutt says:

    Hi, we found a bottle on our property with the angular “GC” marking. It is very similar looking to a ketchup bottle (10 sides). The code on the left middle in 32, right middle is 48, and bottom is 6. based on what I’ve read online, it is a Glass Container Corp bottle, possibly made in 1948. 32 is the possible factory code and 6 is the possible mold code. Do I have that right? Is there any way to know what this bottle was originally used for? Thanks!

    • David says:

      I am not familiar with bottle mold codes used by GC. I would guess you MAY be correct about a 1948 date code, but I cannot confirm it.
      Anyway, the multi-faceted (“fluted”) ketchup bottles were made for many years by many glass companies. They often have 8, 10, 12 or 16 sides. Huge numbers of them were made especially in the 1910s-1980s — and even today (although most ketchup is now sold in plastic bottles). I assume they were also sometimes used for other condiments/sauces.
      Best regards,

  14. Matt nesbitt says:

    I may have just found a G.C.Co. jar in hopewell, va while digging metal detecting. On the bottom it has what looks like:
    G. C. Co.

    3-4 inches tall 10 sided screw top

    • Kim Pettiet says:

      I have what I believe is this same bottle, with a label. the label reads:
      Pepper Shaker Jar
      Savoy pat. off
      Pure Prepared Mustard
      Net Wt 5 oz
      Steele-Wedeles Company
      Distributors Chicago, ILL

      • David says:

        Thank you very much for the information. Please see the pics I posted today (May 19, 2017) within the main text on this page.
        Take care, David

    • David says:

      Hi Matt,
      Thanks for your post. I just found an example of that bottle, with exactly the same markings on the base except the mold number is a “6” instead of a “3”. Please check out my update to the page and the pics of the bottle.
      Best regards,

  15. Sam Harvey says:

    Roger missed on the plants GC had. I think the Marienville, PA plant is in error. I worked for the company from 1969-1982, I was plant manager of the Palestine, TX plant (which would make 13) from ’73-’78, Vernon 78-81 and Antioch 81-82. I left the company right before it was sold to Chattanoga Glass. Palestine was always a Knox plant. The 3rd plant for the original GC was Hayward, CA. Interesting articles, I spent 21 years in the glass industry starting with OI in Alton,, Ill their original plant and then Toldedo QC.

    • David says:

      Sam, thanks a lot for your information! I appreciate your submission. The more info we have, the better!

      • Roger says:

        Dayville, Baltimore, Indianapolis, Gas City, Atlanta, Knox, Oil City, Parker, Marienville,Jackson, Palestine, Vernon, Antioch. It’s been a few years, but this is what I remember. I will defer on the ownership before the merger,..I visited the Gilbert Street address a few years ago, and I go past Antioch fairly frequently. it has changed a lot. Some nostalgia. We may have met, David. I remember being very impressed by the plant and the people in Palestine 1976-77 Time flies..

        • Jonathan P. Alter says:

          I was an internal auditor at the Gilbert Street offices 1981-1983.Went to Vernon, Antioch, Hayward, Gas City , Atlanta, Dayville. It was a great place to work ! In 2006, we had a big reunion of sorts at the 80th birthday party for one of my all-time favorite people, Bonnie Cabral at the Gilbert Street offices . I enjoyed working for Tom Jennings and Paul Pretkus.

      • Roger says:

        Sorry, I mean Sam.

      • Roger says:

        Hello David: You have a very fine site and It’s a great advantage to have Sam Harvey, an actual Plant Manager as a resource. A big boost to your research! Thanks for all your work.

      • Lori Nielsen Hutchison says:

        My Father now 85 years old, worked in the mold shop at the Glass Containers in Hayward at the Hunts Canery for years. Also served as Committee Chairman, Local 66, AFGWU. He was a tool and dye man and made the molds for ketchup bottles, coke bottles etc.

  16. Joe says:

    I was down in Herculaneum, MO today doing some fishing along the river when I stumbled across a treasure trove of glass artifacts from a home that was bulldozed into the river in the early 1950s. I’ve identified several but this one has me stumped. It has a “G. C. Co.” embossed on the bottom with a number “4”. I swear this thing looks just like one of the shaker bottles at Pizza Hut with the parmesan cheese or Italian herb in them.

  17. Chase says:

    I have a old gc bottle I am trying to figure out.. Found it while diving looks like a 3 tier rocket with ridges on the tiers.. Date code is 9.

    • Christopher says:

      Chase- I found the same exact bottle while digging a pool in south Florida. Spent the last two days researching it ! Mine has markings 3192 with a 7 below that.

  18. Clance says:

    I have a bottle with GCCO. “3 18” and “des pat appld for”
    embossed top and bottom w/ screw cap. logo looks like an anchor and maybe an “H”
    w/rounded edges

    found in “bottle dump” for Santa Fe RR camp in Okla.

  19. Kenneth says:

    I found an exact match to your “mystery bottle” today when remodeling my house. I stumbled upon this page trying to figure out its origin.

  20. Paul says:

    There is a modern take on GCC. Glass Container Company commenced production in the mid 1990’s as a single furnace operation in Chisinau, Moldova. The business is still in operation & has expanded to include a 2nd firnace.

    • David says:

      Hi Paul,
      I have a couple questions for you. What is the mark used by this company? Is there ANY real connection between these two glass companies other than the similarity of business name? Any of the same people involved?
      Thank you, David

  21. I love all the information! really amazing, Thank you.

  22. Roger McLord says:

    The discrepancy between the 13 plants mentioned in the opening paragraph and the 10 plants in 1977 is accounted for by Parker, PA, Baltimore, MD and Jackson MS plants that were closed in the 1970s.

    • David says:

      Hello Roger,
      Thank you very much for the information! I appreciate your help with the accuracy of the information presented on this webpage!!

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