Glass Containers, Inc. (1933-1955) Vernon, California
Glass Containers Corporation (1956-c.1984) Headquarters in Fullerton, California beginning in 1959
G/C G C G over C (several design variations of this mark exist, see pics below).
Glass Containers, Incorporated was established in 1933 at Vernon, California. A general line of utilitarian bottles and jars were made there. GC later had 3 bottle-making locations in California, until 1968, when they purchased all (10) of the Knox Glass Company-owned plants, resulting in a total of 13 glass manufacturing facilities. These included plants at Vernon, CA; Antioch, California; Palestine, Texas, and others. (this info is taken from Bottle Makers and their Marks, Julian Toulouse, 1971). Up until the late 1960s, the bottles produced by Glass Containers tended to be more heavily distributed in CA and the Western areas of the United States, although they may be found anywhere in the country.
There is uncertainty and confusion about the exact date ranges during which the GC mark variations were used. The “angularly-arranged in a vertical formation” version of the mark (hand-drawn here, and shown in the bottle base picture submitted by Michael Aden, farther down on this page) is stated as being first used on bottles in 1945 (according to Toulouse, BM&TM, page 220) but may date from as early as 1933. That mark appears on the base of many California-region soda and other bottles from the 1940s and 1950s.
Arthur G.Peterson, in “400 Trademarks on Glass” (1968:49) indicates at least one variation of the GC trademark was used beginning in 1933, but he does not picture it. He was possibly referring to the angular mark mentioned above, but at this time it is unclear what mark is meant.
The hand-drawn “rounded” version (as shown on right, dated by Toulouse as circa 1935-1940) may or may not exist; although it is similar to examples of the later mark shown, it is supposed to be somewhat more rounded and closely entwined, as illustrated in Julian Toulouse’s Bottle Makers and their Marks. Please contact me if you have seen it in person on a glass container!
Another “G C” mark (which looks somewhat like a stylistic G or “6” placed above a lower-case “e”) was definitely used by Glass Containers Corporation for some period of time subsequent to the “angularly arranged” mark, but the exact time range is uncertain. One photo (courtesy of Jason Carpenter) shows the mark on the bottom of a 1979 clear ketchup bottle. Another photo shows the mark (spray-painted with matte gray paint to help bring out the lettering which was faint) on a bottle base shard that is undated.
I’m also attaching a photo of that same “more recent” mark, here as seen on the heel of a green glass “stubby” style beer bottle.
I would appreciate it if anyone can put forth an accurate timeline on the exact years these mark variations were used. I would especially like to hear from any former GC employees who can provide more clarifying information.
NOTE: Another mark … an entwined “C G C” as it appears on the bottom of a bottle with a 1984 date code is pictured on this page…… and from information sent to me by Doug (of dairyantiques.com) this is the mark used by Container General Corporation, a short-lived enterprise that was formed as a merger between Glass Containers Corporation and Chattanooga Glass Company based in Chattanooga, TN, in 1983. The Container General Corporation was then acquired by Diamond Bathurst in 1985. (See Diamond Glass Company, Royersford, PA page).
NOTE: Here is some information supplied to me via several emails, from Roger McLord, an employee of Glass Containers Corporation in the 1969-1977 period:
“Norton Simon Inc. acquired Glass Containers Corporation prior to my employment in 1969. GCC then had the funds to merge/acquire Fairmount Glass, headquartered in Indianapolis, and Knox Glass, headquartered in Knox, PA. (The three original Glass Containers, Inc. plants were located at: Vernon, California, Antioch, California, and Palestine, Texas.)
“Fairmount Glass had plants in Indianapolis, IN, Gas City IN, and Atlanta, GA. Knox Glass had plants in Knox, Oil City, Parker, and Marienville, PA; Baltimore, Maryland; Jackson, MS and Dayville, CT. (Dayville was the largest plant owned by GCC). This would bring the total number of GCC plants to 13 at the time of the acquisitions in 1968. There were 13 glass manufacturing plants, as above, and six sales offices. There were two mold shops: one in Fullerton, CA and one in Knox, PA with additional engineers located in Indianapolis. There were three distinct manufacturing administrations under the Vice President of Operations, reflected by the previous corporate structures. Eastern Area (Knox, PA) Central Area (Indianapolis) and Western Area, (Fullerton, CA). After I left, I heard that GCC was bought by Containers Glass Corporation from Atlanta.” Thank you Roger!
Mystery Bottle – Could this be a Glass Containers Corp. bottle?? – Unidentified G. C. CO. mark
I’m posting this on my site in case any readers would have some info that sheds light on a particular bottle. (Pics are courtesy of Anthony Herren). This container appears to date from sometime in the 1920s-1950s era, is marked “G. C. CO” on the base, and indicates a design patent was issued: number 78426. This might have held a type of toiletry, lotion, hair oil, cologne, or other cosmetic? Maybe a liquid shoe polish, an insecticide, or a cleaning agent?? A search of the U.S. patent records show that this number (assumedly would be from 1929) has no apparent connection with any bottle or glass-related design. Perhaps the 5-digit number was incorrectly embossed, with one or two digits “off”? What does “G.C.CO” stand for? Perhaps G____ Cosmetic Company? G_____ Chemical Company?? Suggestions are welcome!
Update (posted May 19, 2017): Another bottle with the mark “G.C.Co. ” on the base has been reported to me several times over the last 2 years (by Matt Nesbitt, Kim Pettiet, Joe, and Kimberly Glasser; please see their comments farther down on this page). I just came across an example of one, and have photographed it for this webpage. It was dug with other bottles mostly from the 1930s-1940s era. I have doubts the mark has anything to do with Glass Containers, Inc, but am posting it on this page anyway. As of today, the mark remains unidentified. Feedback is sought on identity of the user of the mark. It appears to be a container meant to be used as a salt, pepper or sugar shaker. (I found other instances of the same type of shaker listed in ebay auctions). See next two pics:
Los Angeles Brewing Company flask with horse & horseshoe design.
Here’s a rather unusual bottle, evidently a liquor flask, with pictures sent to me by Michael Aden. It has the “angular” GC mark on the base, as discussed above, but information is lacking on exactly when it was made. Comments are invited!
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