Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

Hazel Glass Company, Washington, PA (began 1887) and Atlas Glass Company, also of Washington, PA (began 1896) merged to form the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, Wheeling, WV, in 1902.

Hazel-Atlas eventually grew to become one of the largest glass manufacturing firms in the world, (probably second in the United States, behind Owens-Illinois Glass Company) with 14 glass plants operating simultaneously. Plants were located at Wheeling, WV;  Washington, PA;  Clarksburg, WV;  Zanesville, OH;  Grafton, WV;  Ada, OK;  Pomona, CA;  Blackwell, OK;  Lancaster, NY;  Oakland, CA;  Montgomery, AL; and Plainfield, IL.

Hazel Atlas – “Florentine No. 1” – Dinner Plate (c. 1932-1935)

In 1957, Hazel-Atlas became a division of the Continental Can Company.  The Hazel-Atlas mark continued to be used, at least on some percentage of their glass products, until approximately 1964, when Continental sold all of the glass plants (except the facility at Plainfield, Illinois) to Brockway Glass Company.  The Plainfield plant was later sold to A. H. Kerr Glass Company.   (In my own opinion, it is likely, or at least very possible, that the “H over A” mark continued to appear on some containers produced after 1964, since a very large number of molds were then in use, and it would have been a considerable endeavor just to make minor re-tooling changes on all of those molds to erase or replace the makers mark.)

Tremendous numbers of white milkglass liners (the miniature round glass plates or “saucers” that fit inside zinc screw-threaded lids made for Mason-style fruit jars) were produced, as well as canning jars (fruit jars) including the ATLAS jars for general household use; “packer ware” (generic containers for a multitude of common food products such as mayonnaise, spaghetti sauce, mustard, jams and jellies, coffee, peanut butter, applesauce, etc, as well as non-food items like cosmetics, salves, medicines, chemical liquids), as well as a wide variety of other containers for products of every description.

Hazel-Atlas mark on the base of a “rust” or orange-brown colored Platonite bowl.

Hazel-Atlas’ well-known makers’ mark consists of a large capital letter “H” with a smaller capital “A” positioned underneath the H, appearing somewhat like a small step-stool or bench situated underneath a table. NOTE: this mark is frequently misunderstood to be a trademark used by the Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, which is incorrect!!   I have noticed items listed for sale by dealers and sellers at antique malls, flea markets (and other venues such as ebay) with labels indicating Anchor Hocking.  Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation used an “Anchor logo superimposed over an H” or an “Anchor inside a rectangle”.

The “H over smaller A” mark is stated to have been used beginning in 1923, according to patent/trademark information published in “400 Trademarks on Glass” (1968) by Arthur G. Peterson, page 49.  The Hazel-Atlas mark sometimes varies slightly in exact appearance, especially on small bottles where there was little room to engrave the mark into the mold,  but in general it is quite easily recognizable on the majority of glass items.

The “H over a smaller A” is probably the second most-commonly seen manufacturer’s mark on glass containers found in typical bottle dumps / trash deposits of the early 1920s to the late 1950s or very early 1960s period, behind the ubiquitous Owens-Illinois mark (i.e. the Diamond and oval superimposed with an I in the center). Other marks often seen on container glassware found along with Hazel-Atlas products (especially from 1920s-era dumps) include the “I in a diamond” from Illinois Glass Company, the “O in a square” mark used by Owens Bottle Company and the “Capstan” mark used by Capstan Glass Company.

Codes on bases of H-A bottles:  Many of the Hazel-Atlas containers I have seen do not conform exactly to this chart, but this might be of some help in interpreting the markings on some of their products. This chart is probably from a trade publication of the 1950s:
Chart of Hazel-Atlas base codes on containers, courtesy of fruitjar.org.

Hazel Atlas produced huge quantities of “Depression glass” tableware in the 1920s, 1930s and ’40s, most commonly in the typical “Depression era” transparent glass colors of light green,  clear (“crystal”), pink  and yellow (actually a light yellow leaning toward yellow-amber).  Some patterns were also made in cobalt blue and, in a few cases, amethyst.  Most of the items in these pattern glass sets were not marked,  but are fairly well known and recognized by collectors who specialize in studying tableware patterns of that era.  The patterns made include  Aurora, Cloverleaf, Florentine No. 1 (Poppy No. 1), Florentine No. 2 (Poppy No. 2), Modernistic (Colonial Block), Ovide (New Century), Newport (Hairpin), Roxana, and Royal Lace.  Most of these were made during the early and mid 1930s.  (See What is Depression Glass?).

In 1936, Hazel-Atlas introduced a type of glass called Platonite, which looks very much like ordinary milk glass but has a more “translucent” or “almost-see-through” quality.  Platonite ware was surface-colored by a “fired-on” process, and many shades of color are seen in this type of ware, including  yellow, pink, pastel green, light and dark blue, aquamarine, chartreuse, salmon, rust, orange, red, brown, beige and others.   Ovide is probably the most commonly found pattern, and quite a number of colors are found in that pattern alone.  Ovide was produced in many of the Platonite colors, especially into the 1950s. The yellow Ovide creamer shown is marked with the “H over A” trademark on the base.

OVIDE creamer in lemon yellow platonite, circa 1950s

Phillips Milk of Magnesia Tablets bottle, made by Hazel-Atlas. “H over A” mark on base. This dates from sometime in the 1920s-1940s.


Mark on base of Pond’s white milkglass cold cream jar.

Hazel-Atlas also produced a wide line of “Swanky Swigs”, ACL (applied color label) decorated peanut butter and cold pack cheese packer ware containers (basically, would now be assumed by the average antique mall browser to have been intended as small “juice glasses” or beverage tumblers) .  A variety of designs were made.

For the definitive Hazel-Atlas Glass Company collectors site, try checking out this link: http://www.hazelatlasglass.com/ .

Please click here to return to the Glass Bottle Marks pages.

Click here to go to my Home Page. 

Check out my summary page on so-called “Beach Glass”.  Many old Hazel-Atlas bottle and jar bases may be found among beach glass. Sea Glass/ Beach Glass

Click here to see my page on Artificially Purpled Glass.

36 Responses to Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

  1. Amanda says:

    I have a light blue atlas strong shoulder mason jar with a zinc lid. It has bubbles in the glass. Are these worth anything?

    • David says:

      Of course, Amanda.
      All blue or aqua-colored fruit jars are collectible. You might try searching ebay over a period of time, and consulting the realized prices via the “Completed Auctions” search, for average current values.
      best regards,

  2. Daniel says:

    Hi David. I have a Atlas jar that is about 9″ tall and 4 1/2″ wide. It says Atlas and underneath Atlas it says Special Mason. On the bottom there is the usual H over the A and then to the right an x and underneath a 1. Iv’e searched around and haven’t found much info on this jar

    Thanks, Daniel

    • David says:

      Hi Daniel,
      Here is what info I could find: In the book “The Fruit Jar Works, Volume 2” (by Alice M. Creswick & Steven B. Creswick, published 1987), on page 9 she describes several jar variants marked “ATLAS / SPECIAL / MASON” on the front of the jar. The earlier versions are round, in aqua or light green and she dates them as circa 1904-1920s. The later version shown (which is what I assume you have) is in clear glass, has more of a square shape, and carries the “H A” mark on the bottom. She writes that the clear version jars date from circa 1935 to the 1960s. Hope this helps,

  3. Della says:

    I have a 8″ long amber glass bottle that is a one inch perfect square. My husband works for an excavating company and brings home vintage bottles all the time but this one has me stumped. It has the atlas symbol on the bottom with k-798 above it and the number 9 below. Also on, I guess the front of the bottle it has what looks like maybe a chess piece and says 4 IN 1.. Any info would be greatly appreciated. I’d love to know the history and the possible value.

  4. Deborah Marcus says:

    Hi David

    I found a light green quart Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason jar. It has side seams and no defining symbols. However, the glass has distinct bubbles within the jar and even in the ridges on the lip. While this might be a factory second, would it have any additional sale value? Thank you

    • David says:

      Hi Deborah,
      Older bottles and jars often have bubbles in them. I would guess that most (sometimes almost all) glass containers made before 1900-1910 have at least some bubbles in them. This is a result of hand-made methods as well as the fast-paced production where there was less stringent quality control. Often the glassworkers did not wait for all the bubbles in the molten glass batch to rise to the surface and pop before they started blowing bottles from the pot (or tank). As long as the manufacturer felt the product would still perform it’s intended use adequately, they permitted some amount of bubbles in the finished product. (Bubbles are sometimes seen in “upscale” tableware and EAPG of the period, but not nearly as commonly in that type of glassware). From a jar or bottle collector’s point of view, the more bubbles the better! Some glass bottles and insulators are so full of bubbles the effect is amazing. Bubbles may range from tiny “seed” bubbles (like champagne fizz) to medium-sized, to very large, misshapen, lozenge, teardrop or elongated pear-shaped bubbles. Often there is a mix of sizes.
      In general, to answer your question………. bubbles almost always add to the collector value of a container. If anything, they never detract from its value! Hope this helps,

      • Andrew M says:

        Hi David,

        I also have a similar Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason jar (only this one is clear) that I’m trying to date. It too has all kinds of bubbles throughout, however it has a seam around the neck just below the lip, and also vertical seams running down the body which indicate it was machine made. The signs seem to be a bit conflicting on this because the machine would indicate a later date, but bubbles indicate an earlier date. There’s also only a number “2” where the makers mark should be.

        Also is there a reason why these jars only say “Atlas” and not “Hazel-Atlas” on them? I would think that it would mean it was before the merger, but from what I’ve read they were made after.

      • Andrew M says:

        Hi David,

        My message seems to have vanished (hopefully I’m not writing a duplicate!) so here goes again:

        I also have an Atlas Strong Shoulder Mason jar (mine is clear) that I’m trying to date, but it’s really puzzling me. Like Deborah’s, it too has a lot of bubbles in it – however, it also has a horizontal seam around the neck just below the lip, as well as vertical seams running up and down the sides, indicating that it was machine-made and probably manufactured (I’m guessing) after 1910.

        Furthermore, the base of the jar where the maker’s mark should be, all I can find is the number “2.” I’m creating a catalog for my company (I work in archaeology) and have been cross-referencing maker’s marks with the Society of Historic Archaeology, however they don’t have anything for just the number 2.

        Also, just out of curiosity, do you know why these jars continued to only say “Atlas” on them after the merger with Hazel?


        • David says:

          Hi Andrew,
          Thanks for your posts! First of all, bubbles are common not only in handmade bottles, but also from the early days of ABM (automatic bottle machine) manufacture. Many machine-made bottles and jars from the c. 1904-circa 1920s era do contain some bubbles.
          BUT……. as time went on they gradually became less and less common as technology got better and better, and more of the “kinks” were worked out in producing containers relatively free of flaws and imperfections. (Even today, sometimes machine-made containers are produced containing bubbles, but in general the factory quality control is so strict that very, very few make it past inspection and onto the retail market).

          “ATLAS” was a well-known brand name used for many years, and although I don’t know exactly why Hazel-Atlas didn’t change the name on their jars, I would assume they felt the simple one-word brand name “ATLAS” already had such STRONG name recognition among the public that it would have been totally unnecessary and possibly ill-advised to make any change.

          Concerning the number “2” on the base, that is a mold number. Please check out my webpage about numbers on the base of containers. Mold numbers and other numbers appear on the bases or heels of countless glass containers of all types. You may even see mold numbers embossed on modern glass jars and bottles in your refrigerator or cupboard!
          I hope this will be of help! Take care,

  5. Hilda says:

    I found a glass bottle- “half pint” with a horse and a horseshoe engraved on the bottle. It has an “GC” symbol on the bottom. Also, it says: Los Angeles Brewing Co. on the bottom front part. How much is it worth?

    • David says:

      Hello Hilda, I am assuming your bottle is similar (if not identical) to a bottle shown on my webpage about Glass Containers Corporation of Fullerton, CA. Sorry, I do not know what the average collector value might be. The question “how much is it worth” cannot be answered in a definite way. Hundreds of thousands of identifiably ‘different’ bottles have been manufactured by hundreds of glass companies just over the last century alone. Contrary to what someone might tell you, there is no “exact”, “set” or “absolute” market value that can be assigned to any of them, such as is often (more or less) true in the coin or stamp collecting hobbies. Price guides published about collectible bottles are just GUIDES, and can only list a very, very tiny percentage of bottles known. Basically, the collectible antique/vintage bottle market is a function of supply and demand. Anyone who tells you a certain bottle is worth a definite, specific amount of money is either honestly misinformed or a liar. The best bet is to try searching for similar bottles on ebay and check actual completed auction prices, or list it yourself and see what it brings. Best regards, David

  6. kristen says:

    I found a small glass jar at an old dump site in sand city ca…on the bottom it has the markings 7354 then right under that is has the big H with the smaller A under it then under that has 0 33 does anyone know if this is an old bottle and what year or what kind of jar

    • David says:

      Hi Kristen, the “7354” would be an inventory/model/design number assigned to that particular style jar. I’m not sure on the interpretation of all the markings on many of their containers, so all I can pass along is that your jar dates from sometime between about 1923 (when Hazel-Atlas is supposed to have started actual use of their “H over A” trademark) and 1964. The “O” might be a plant code for the Oakland, California location, but I’m not positive about the “33”. Possibly a date code for 1933? Or maybe some other type of information. See this chart: http://www.fruitjar.org/PlantCodes/Hazel%20Atlas_files/image002.jpg
      Best regards,

  7. John says:

    I have a 7″ white glass dish with 2 red concentric rings on the border. The word PLATONITE is the only back mark. Can I assume it is Hazel Atlas and when was it made?

    • David says:

      John, no info on exact date. You might have better luck consulting an in-depth reference book on Hazel-Atlas, or a site devoted specifically to Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, or to depression-era glassware. Platonite ware was introduced in 1936.
      Best regards,

  8. Brenda says:

    I recently found a quart size and a pint size Atlas E-Z Seal glass canning jars and several different designed glass lids that fit them and a glass Ball quart size canning jar. I would like to find the proper lids for the two jars. Do you know what the lids for these jars would have looked like? Thanks!

    • David says:

      Brenda, I don’t collect the Atlas or Ball types with the “Lightning type” glass lids, so I am not really familiar concerning what the difference is, or if there is a major difference in the lids. Of course, the older ones are in aqua or bluish-green, the more recent lids are in clear glass (probably dating after the mid or late 1930s). I see many lids on jars which may not be the “original” lids for those brands, such as many such jars posted on ebay. All of the lids I see on both the “Atlas E-Z Seal” (made by Atlas Glass Co. and later Hazel-Atlas Glass Company) and on the “Ball Ideal” jars (made by Ball Bros Glass Co.) look to be very similar, with slight differences, and bear two raised “lugs” on top, surrounded by several concentric rings, usually 3 or four. The “lugs” might be vaguely compared, at a quick glance, to the appearance of a “wing”, a raised separated bar with points or “arrows” on both ends, or an airplane propeller. They are positioned on the top center of the lid just to keep the wire bail in place when the jar is sealed. Since I don’t know if there is a real difference in the lids made by Atlas and Ball (and I am assuming that replacement lids were sold separately retail, to use on any of these types of glass jars, which might have been made by other companies as well?), I would advise you try posting a query on the antique-bottles-net site, where many experienced antique jar collectors read posts there daily. Perhaps someone can shed more light on this question.
      Post a new thread here:


      I hope this will help,
      Best regards, David

  9. Lisa Hemrich says:

    I have 10 mugs with the red candy stripe pattern, but can’t find the Hazel-Atlas mark anywhere. Can anyone tell me if the coffee mugs were marked?

    • David says:

      Lisa, the majority of Hazel-Atlas tableware is unmarked. Although as time wore on, it seems that some of their later ware (such as that made in the 1950s– mugs, soup bowls, cups, sugar bowls, etc) are more likely to be marked on the base. I don’t know about the mugs you are speaking of. Perhaps a collector who is more conversant with the Hazel-Atlas lines of mugs and other tableware can chime in?

  10. Jack Tilley says:

    I have a small oblong ribbed dish of milk glass with a maker mark that I’m pretty sure is Hazel-Atlas. The dish measures 45/8″ long x 3″ wide at the widest x 1.5″ deep. Do you have any idea what this is? what it’s used for. I’d appreciate any help.

    • David says:

      Hello Jack,
      I am 99.9 percent sure you are describing a water dish that was sold and used as an accessory for pet bird cages (such as for canaries, lovebirds, parakeets, etc). They seem to have been especially popular in the early to mid 20th century and are usually made of white or off-white milkglass. Most of the ones I’ve seen are not marked, so consider yourself lucky that you can identify the maker!

  11. Ron says:

    I have a Hazel Atlas ribbed jar, with 5328 under the H A then a 3 below that. Any info would be appreciated, thank you.

    • David says:

      Ron, I’m sorry but Hazel-Atlas made thousands of different bottles, jars, flasks and jugs over more than four decades and I have no specific info on your jar. The “5328” would be a style number or “model number” assigned to that particular design.
      Best regards,

  12. I have a pint size canning jar with a Hazel-Atlas mark I am trying to date; standard lid, clear, square base, it has a raised grid pattern on all 4 sides except an oval of plain glass on one side (I am guessing for a label) I ran across this site in my search. Any ideas?

    • David says:

      Hello Wellnessclinician,
      These jars were produced (usually in clear glass) in pint and quart sizes in large quantities over a long time span in the early 20th century. I can’t find much solid information on them, but they seem to have been made by a number of glass companies, especially popular (in my estimation) during the 1920-1945 period. The pattern on the sides is called by various terms including “quilted”, “waffle”, “grid pattern”, “squares”, “criss-cross”, “tic tac toe” etc. I would like to know what the original manufacturers’ terms were for these jars, but I honestly don’t know. (If anyone knows, please contact me). Marks on the bottom of various examples show they were made by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, Hazel-Atlas, Knox Glass Company, Ball Brothers, Anchor Hocking, Capstan Glass Company, and other glass manufacturers operating during that time period. Some collectors lump them together with the so-called “Hoosier jars” or “Hoosier cabinet jars”, although the jars made as accessories to the Hoosier Cabinets are not really quite the same. (A search on Google Images will bring up pics of various types of jars called “Hoosier jars”). I assume they were made for both home canning AND were sold to food companies to use as their “packer jars” (sold in retail stores with the product inside).
      Your jar was made by Hazel-Atlas sometime in the 1920s-1940s, but cannot narrow down to a specific year date. Best regards,

  13. benjamin says:

    What does it mean when it has a h over an a and a 13 over that

    • David says:

      Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, made in mold number 13. No information on exact year of manufacture……..could have been made anytime after the mid-1920s up to 1964.

  14. Neva says:

    I found a jar that has this symbol but before it is “II” and it says “CAL CONS CO” on the bottom with “O-9052″ also. Do you have any idea what this bottle was for? About 5 1/4” in height and has an oval shape and is very thick glass.

  15. Jeanine Gawthrope says:

    I have the Shirley Temple pitcher and bowl. Do you know where I can get the mug and what it should cost?

    • David says:

      Jeanine, I’m not that knowledgeable about the Hazel-Atlas Shirley Temple items, but there have been tons of reproduction mugs, pitchers, etc appearing on the market over the last couple decades or so. I think your best bet would be searching lots of ebay auctions (and/or other online sales sites selling antique or vintage items), reading the sellers’ descriptions carefully, noting the slight differences in the appearance of the graphics. I can’t state a “fair” price for one of the mugs. The original glassware was a slightly lighter, subtler shade of cobalt blue called “ritz blue”, and the newer repros (most, if not all of them) are a darker, “stronger” or “harsher” cobalt blue color. The graphics on the repros are of poorer quality. If you haven’t been to this site yet, check out a brief article about the Shirley Temple repros here: http://www.spglass.com/caveat10.html
      Best regards, David

  16. Gail says:

    Can you tell me when the eggnog sets with Tom and Jerry in red letters were made? Thank you!