Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

Hazel Glass Company, Washington, PA (began 1887) and Atlas Glass Company, also of Washington, PA (began 1896) merged to form the Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, Wheeling, WV, in 1902.

Hazel-Atlas eventually grew to become one of the largest glass manufacturing firms in the world, (probably second in the United States, behind Owens-Illinois Glass Company) with 14 glass plants operating simultaneously. Plants were located at Wheeling, WV;  Washington, PA;  Clarksburg, WV;  Zanesville, OH;  Grafton, WV;  Ada, OK;  Pomona, CA;  Blackwell, OK;  Lancaster, NY;  Oakland, CA;  Montgomery, AL; and Plainfield, IL.

Hazel Atlas – “Florentine No. 1″ – Dinner Plate (c. 1932-1935)

In 1957, Hazel-Atlas became a division of the Continental Can Company.  The Hazel-Atlas mark continued to be used, at least on some percentage of their glass products, until approximately 1964, when Continental sold all of the glass plants (except the facility at Plainfield, Illinois) to Brockway Glass Company.  The Plainfield plant was later sold to A. H. Kerr Glass Company.   (In my own opinion, it is likely, or at least very possible, that the “H over A” mark continued to appear on some containers produced after 1964, since a very large number of molds were then in use, and it would have been a considerable endeavor just to make minor re-tooling changes on all of those molds to erase or replace the makers mark.)

Tremendous numbers of white milkglass liners (the miniature round glass plates or “saucers” that fit inside zinc screw-threaded lids made for Mason-style fruit jars) were produced, as well as canning jars (fruit jars) including the ATLAS jars for general household use, “packer ware” (generic containers for a multitude of common food products such as mayonnaise, spaghetti sauce, mustard, jams and jellies, peanut butter, applesauce, fruit juices,  jars for cosmetics, salves, medicines, chemical liquids), as well as a wide variety of other containers for products of every description.

Hazel-Atlas mark on the base of a “rust” or orange-brown colored Platonite bowl.

Hazel-Atlas’s well-known makers’ mark consists of a large capital letter “H” with a smaller capital “A” positioned underneath the H, appearing somewhat like a small step-stool or bench situated underneath a table. NOTE: this mark is frequently misunderstood to be a trademark used by the Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation, which is incorrect!!   I have noticed items listed for sale by dealers and sellers at antique malls, flea markets (and other venues such as ebay) with labels indicating Anchor Hocking.  Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation used an “Anchor logo superimposed over an H” or an “Anchor inside a rectangle”.

The Hazel-Atlas mark sometimes varies slightly in exact appearance, especially on small bottles where there was little room to engrave the mark into the mold,  but in general it is quite easily recognizable on the majority of glass items.

The “H over a smaller A” is probably the second most-commonly seen manufacturer’s mark on glass containers found in typical bottle dumps / trash deposits of the c. 1920-1960 period, behind the ubiquitous Owens-Illinois mark (i.e. the Diamond and oval superimposed with an I in the center). Other marks often seen on container glassware found along with Hazel-Atlas products (especially from 1920s-era dumps) include the “I in a diamond” from Illinois Glass Company, the “O in a square” mark used by Owens Bottle Company and the “Capstan” mark used by Capstan Glass Company.

Hazel Atlas produced huge quantities of “Depression glass” tableware in the 1920s, 1930s and ’40s, most commonly in the typical “Depression era” transparent glass colors of light green,  clear (“crystal”), pink  and yellow (actually a light yellow leaning toward yellow-amber).  Some patterns were also made in cobalt blue and, in a few cases, amethyst.  Most of the items in these pattern glass sets were not marked,  but are fairly well known and recognized by collectors who specialize in studying tableware patterns of that era.  The patterns made include  Aurora, Cloverleaf, Florentine No. 1 (Poppy No. 1), Florentine No. 2 (Poppy No. 2), Modernistic (Colonial Block), Ovide (New Century), Newport (Hairpin), Roxana, and Royal Lace.  Most of these were made during the early and mid 1930s.  (See What is Depression Glass?).

In 1936, Hazel-Atlas introduced a type of glass called Platonite, which looks very much like ordinary milk glass but has a more “translucent” or “almost-see-through” quality.  Platonite ware was surface-colored by a “fired-on” process, and many shades of color are seen in this type of ware, including  yellow, pink, pastel green, light and dark blue, aquamarine, chartreuse, salmon, rust, orange, red, brown, beige and others.   Ovide is probably the most commonly found pattern, and quite a number of colors are found in that pattern alone.  Ovide was produced in many of the Platonite colors, especially into the 1950s. The yellow Ovide creamer shown is marked with the “H over A” trademark on the base.

OVIDE creamer in lemon yellow platonite, circa 1950s

Phillips Milk of Magnesia Tablets bottle, made by Hazel-Atlas. “H over A” mark on base. This dates from sometime in the 1920s-1940s.

 

Mark on base of Pond’s white milkglass cold cream jar.

Hazel-Atlas also produced a wide line of “Swanky Swigs”, ACL (applied color label) decorated peanut butter and cold pack cheese packer ware containers (basically, would now be assumed by the average antique mall browser to have been intended as small “juice glasses” or beverage tumblers) .  A variety of designs were made.

For the definitive Hazel-Atlas Glass Company collectors site, try checking out this link: http://www.hazelatlasglass.com/ .

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Check out my summary page on so-called “Beach Glass”.  Many old Hazel-Atlas bottle and jar bases may be found among beach glass. Sea Glass/ Beach Glass

Click here to see my page on Artificially Purpled Glass.

13 Responses to Hazel-Atlas Glass Company (1902-1964)

  1. Ron says:

    I have a Hazel Atlas ribbed jar, with 5328 under the H A then a 3 below that. Any info would be appreciated, thank you.

    • David says:

      Ron, I’m sorry but Hazel-Atlas made thousands of different bottles, jars, flasks and jugs over more than four decades and I have no specific info on your jar. The “5328″ would be a style number or “model number” assigned to that particular design.
      Best regards,
      David

  2. I have a pint size canning jar with a Hazel-Atlas mark I am trying to date; standard lid, clear, square base, it has a raised grid pattern on all 4 sides except an oval of plain glass on one side (I am guessing for a label) I ran across this site in my search. Any ideas?

    • David says:

      Hello Wellnessclinician,
      These jars were produced (usually in clear glass) in pint and quart sizes in large quantities over a long time span in the early 20th century. I can’t find much solid information on them, but they seem to have been made by a number of glass companies, especially popular (in my estimation) during the 1920-1945 period. The pattern on the sides is called by various terms including “quilted”, “waffle”, “grid pattern”, “squares”, “criss-cross”, “tic tac toe” etc. I would like to know what the original manufacturers’ terms were for these jars, but I honestly don’t know. (If anyone knows, please contact me). Marks on the bottom of various examples show they were made by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, Hazel-Atlas, Knox Glass Company, Ball Brothers, Anchor Hocking, Capstan Glass Company, and other glass manufacturers operating during that time period. Some collectors lump them together with the so-called “Hoosier jars” or “Hoosier cabinet jars”, although the jars made as accessories to the Hoosier Cabinets are not really quite the same. (A search on Google Images will bring up pics of various types of jars called “Hoosier jars”). I assume they were made for both home canning AND were sold to food companies to use as their “packer jars” (sold in retail stores with the product inside).
      Your jar was made by Hazel-Atlas sometime in the 1920s-1940s, but cannot narrow down to a specific year date. Best regards,
      David

  3. benjamin says:

    What does it mean when it has a h over an a and a 13 over that

    • David says:

      Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, made in mold number 13. No information on exact year of manufacture……..could have been made anytime after the mid-1920s up to 1964.
      David

  4. Neva says:

    I found a jar that has this symbol but before it is “II” and it says “CAL CONS CO” on the bottom with “O-9052″ also. Do you have any idea what this bottle was for? About 5 1/4″ in height and has an oval shape and is very thick glass.

  5. Jeanine Gawthrope says:

    I have the Shirley Temple pitcher and bowl. Do you know where I can get the mug and what it should cost?

    • David says:

      Jeanine, I’m not that knowledgeable about the Hazel-Atlas Shirley Temple items, but there have been tons of reproduction mugs, pitchers, etc appearing on the market over the last couple decades or so. I think your best bet would be searching lots of ebay auctions (and/or other online sales sites selling antique or vintage items), reading the sellers’ descriptions carefully, noting the slight differences in the appearance of the graphics. I can’t state a “fair” price for one of the mugs. The original glassware was a slightly lighter, subtler shade of cobalt blue called “ritz blue”, and the newer repros (most, if not all of them) are a darker, “stronger” or “harsher” cobalt blue color. The graphics on the repros are of poorer quality. If you haven’t been to this site yet, check out a brief article about the Shirley Temple repros here: http://www.spglass.com/caveat10.html
      Best regards, David

  6. Gail says:

    Can you tell me when the eggnog sets with Tom and Jerry in red letters were made? Thank you!

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