Glass Bottle Marks – 5


Note to readers: for introductory and explanatory comments and discussion concerning this GLASS MANUFACTURERS MARKS section of the website, please click on the “A-B” link below which points to “Page One” of five alphabetically-arranged pages. Thank you very much!!


          [ A – B ]          [ C – D ]        [ E – L ]        [ M – R ]       [ S – Z ]

    • S (Capital “S”, in graceful cursive script, looks similar to a treble clef symbol as used in written music)………….. seen on the base of tableware: L. E. Smith Glass Company, Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (1907-to date).
    • S (on the base of bottles) ………………….In some cases this mark was used by Lyndeboro Glass Company, South Lyndeborough, New Hampshire (1866-1888). The “S” is seen on the bottom of some hand-blown ‘strapside’ liquor flasks (usually in amber or blue-aqua)  and certain other bottles which are found in the eastern states. (Thanks to Mark Newton for this info). If the “S’ is on a clear bottle, or on a machine-made bottle, that would indicate another maker. Note: as with the great majority of cases involving soda bottles of the late 19th and early twentieth century, if the bottle base has just a large letter, such as S (or any letter, or initials comprised of 2 or more letters) and this corresponds to the initials of the bottling company name embossed on the side, that would serve as a self-explanatory meaning, and nearly always is not indicating the glass manufacturer.  Many such bottles with an initial on the base were purposely made with no glass manufacturer identification.
    • 16S (or with other 2-digit number between 16 and 29)……….in most cases indicates production by the American Bottle Company, at their Streator, Illinois plant location. Mark is seen mostly on the lower heel area on soda and beer bottles. The number usually precedes the letter, but in some cases the order may be reversed. These marks were used by ABCO at least during the 1916-1923 period, and evidence from bottle collectors indicate these date code markings may have been used as early as 1905 (when American Bottle Company was incorporated), all the way up to at least 1929 in some cases. Owens Bottle Company, which purchased the six glass plants of the American Bottle Company in 1916, continued the operation of only two of those ABCO plants (their Newark, OH & Streator, IL locations) under the American Bottle Company name until 1929, and used this type of marking on many of their bottles. See “AB”, “A.B.CO.” and “17N” marks.
    • BSN VidralaS (Logo vaguely resembling a “flattened” backward “S”, shown)……………………. BSN Vidrala, Spain. Seen on the heel of manzanilla olive jars and other food containers imported to the US.
    • S in a circle……………….Swindell Bros, Baltimore, Maryland (1869-1959). Reportedly used on machine-made bottles after c. 1920, per Toulouse. A similar mark was also used by Sterling Glass Company, Lapel, Indiana (1914-1950). Hand-blown bottles were produced from 1914 to 1918, at which time semi-automatic production was introduced. Sterling operated as the “Sterling Division” of the Warfield Company of Chicago from about 1940 until 1950. Also, see next 2 entries.
    • S in a circle………………… Sneath Glass Company, Tiffin, Ohio (1892-1894)  and Hartford City, Indiana (1894-1952).  This mark is seen on certain types of glassware including canister jars.  Sneath operated for a short time in Tiffin but a new plant was built and started glass production in September of 1894.  Sneath made a wide variety of types of glassware, including kerosene lamp globes, semaphore signal globes and glass “Hoosier cabinet” jars such as spice jars, coffee and tea jars, salt and pepper sets, etc. The “Hoosier cabinet” jars were especially popular in the 1920s and 1930s. For a much more comprehensive article on Sneath, see the Wikipedia article here:
    • S in a circle connecting 4 small raised dots, resembling planets arranged in an orbit………Uncertain. Seen on the base of a handblown light aqua blob beer, c.1890-1920. This mark may be just an “S in a circle” and the raised dots could be merely the effect of four air vent holes positioned in the engraved circle portion of the mold. See above entry.

      "S in a diamond" on base of 1920s era Orange Crush soda bottle, Southern Glass Company, Vernon, CA. (photo courtesy Tom K.)

      “S in a diamond” on base of 1920s-era Orange Crush soda bottle, Southern Glass Company, Vernon, CA. (photo courtesy Tom K.)

    • S in a diamond (horizontally oriented)………….. On machine-made bottles,  Southern Glass Company, Vernon, California (c.1916-1931).  BUT, on mouth-blown (handmade) bottles at least in some instances, possibly Swindell Bros, Baltimore, Maryland (1869-1959).  HOWEVER, from the collection of papers held at the Winterthur Library pertaining to the career of Chas. Yockel and his glass mold manufacturing firm, there is a letter proving that the Chicago Glass Manufacturing Co., of Chicago, IL, ordered bottle molds with an “S inside a diamond” on November 17, 1887.  Thus, perhaps all, if not most, hand-blown bottles with this mark were products of that company?? Perhaps time will tell.  Please also see the next entry.
    • S in a diamond (the diamond is vertically oriented). As seen on the base of ornately-designed white milk glass dresser tray or nearly flat “trinket dish”, which appears to be from the 1880-1910 time period…………….. Unknown.  I am sure this mark has no relation at all to the similar marks seen on bottles. It might stand for the glass manufacturer, or possibly for a distributor/jobber/wholesaler?
    • S in a keystone…………Seaboard Glass Bottle Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1943-1947)
    • S in an octagon………..Sotancro, Embalagem de Vidro, S.A., Lisbon (Lisboa), Portugal . Seen on the base of a miniature green liquor bottle, imported to the USA.
    • S in an oval………..See “G in an oval”. Gallo Glass Co. mark may be mistaken for an odd-looking “S”.
    • S in a shield………..Unknown.
    • S in a square……….Unknown.
    • S in a star…………(usually) Southern Glass Company, Vernon, California (c.1916-1931) if on a machine-made bottle found in the western US. There are also handmade flasks known that appear to be of pre-1900 manufacture, and in such cases, I strongly doubt that Southern is the factory source. Those flasks probably were made much earlier (c.1885-1910) in an as-yet unidentified Eastern U.S. glasshouse.
    • S.A.B.CO……………American Bottle Company, Streator, Illinois plant (1905-1916). Mark was probably used only for a brief time. Not often encountered, usually the mark is “A.B.CO”. See also “16S” mark.
    • Sailboat………….triangular logo vaguely resembling a sailboat with sails unfurled……look farther down this page for the “Triangular Logo” entry: a mark used by American National Can Company.
    • Samco………………. several varieties of “Mason” style fruit jars are known with the Samco brand name, including the Samco Genuine Mason, the Samco Super Jar, and the Samco Super Mason. In The Fruit Jar Works, Volume 2 (Alice Creswick, 1987) she credits these jars to date from circa 1930 to 1940.  A trademark for the name “Samco” was issued on November 1, 1931 to the Samuel Mallinger Company of Pittsburgh, PA. The company claimed actual use since August 1, 1931. According to Creswick,  the Knox Glass Bottle Company, Inc, of Marienville, PA was the primary manufacturer of these jars, but other possible makers included Glenshaw Glass Company, Glenshaw, PA.  and the Ball Bros Glass Company, Muncie, IN.  (The “Samco Genuine Mason” jars are virtually identical to “Knox Genuine Mason” jars with the word “Samco” [inside the circle] substituted for “Knox”).  Some of the Samco jars came with a metal screw band with milkglass insert marked SAMCO.

    • San Francisco Glass Works ……………………… San Francisco Glass Works, San Francisco, California (c.1865-1876). Full name is seen spelled out on the front of some “squat” soda bottles, circa mid-1870s.  Originally started by Carlton Newman, and known as San Francisco Flint Glass Works, but after a serious fire in 1868 the works were rebuilt and the name was changed to San Francisco Glass Works. Operated until 1876 when this company merged with Pacific Glass Works to form San Francisco & Pacific Glass Works.  A photograph from the 1870s (courtesy of Alexander Kerr) is shown on page 289 of “The Fruit Jar Works” by Alice Creswick (1995), and the photo shows a large display of wares made by this company including fruit jars, wine bottles, beer, ale, whiskey, soda bottles, pickle jars, medicine bottles, and many demijohns and carboys with & without wicker coverings.  Most of these bottles probably were not marked, or marked with the user instead of the glass maker.
    • Saturn…………………….Occasionally the “diamond/o/i” mark used by Owens-Illinois Glass Company has been compared to a vague representation of the planet Saturn,  or as a cat’s eye. Please check the Owens-Illinois  summary page for some pics that show variations of this commonly seen mark.
    • S B , along with 1888 patent………………….Swindell Bros, Baltimore, MD (1869-1959).
    • SB within a diamond……..Uncertain, but perhaps Swindell Bros.
    • S.B.& G.CO………….Streator Bottle & Glass Company, Streator, Illinois (1881-1905).  The Streator plant eventually became part of the American Bottle Company, then later Owens Bottle Company, and finally part of the Owens Illinois Glass Company (Plant #9).  “S.B.& G.CO.” is one of the most commonly seen marks on handblown beer bottles from the late 1800s and early 1900s.  It is also seen on other bottles of the period, including pickle bottles, soda bottles and other containers.
    • S BROS……………..Possibly Swindell Bros, Baltimore, Maryland (1869-1959).

      S.B.M. mark on the base of a light amethyst (sun-colored) cylindrical liquor bottle. (Photo courtesy E. Rex)

      S.B.M. mark on the base of a light amethyst (sun-colored) cylindrical liquor bottle. (Photo courtesy E. Rex)

    • S.B.M. …………..unknown/unidentified. Reported on the base of both a flask and a cylindrical “fifth” liquor bottle with “brandy” style lip, both in very light amethyst. Appears to date from the 1890-1920 period. This mark might stand for either a distiller or a glass maker.
    • S.B.W………………Saltsburg Bottle Works Company, Saltsburg, Pennsylvania (c.1890-1900). Manufacturer of druggist ware.
    • S.B.W.CO……………Saltsburg Bottle Works Company, Saltsburg, PA (c.1890-1900)
    • Scales (embossed image showing a pair of weighing scales)…………. Trademark used by McKesson & Robbins, a pharmaceutical / drug company.  Originally Olcott & McKesson of New York City, founded in 1833.  Business name was changed to McKesson & Robbins in 1853.  Other name changes/mergers over the years, currently (2017) known as McKesson Corporation. Many bottles and jars with this design on the bottom seem to be products of Owens-Illinois Glass Company.  Often seen in bright emerald green or “Seven-Up green” glass.  I don’t have a timeline when this mark was used on containers, but most of the examples I’ve come across seem to be from the 1930s-1960s era.
    • S & D ………………….in most cases, those initials stand for Sharp & Dohme, Baltimore,  a pharmaceutical company founded in 1860 that merged with Merck in 1953.  The exact period of use of those letters, as embossed on the bases of various medicine bottles, is unclear – possibly during the 1900-1930 era?  Also, collector Steve Hale reports a handmade blob-top beverage bottle, evidently made for soda or beer, marked S & D / 112″ on the base. That bottle may have no connection whatsoever with Sharp & Dohme.  If any collectors have info that could shed more light on this mark, please let me know!
    • S-F.G.CO……………Sheldon-Foster Glass Company, Chicago, Illinois (1895-1913)
    • S.F.& P.G.W……..San Francisco and Pacific Glass Works (1876-c.1901)

      SG mark - Saint-Gobain Containers / Verallia North America

      SG mark on “heel” of 16-oz packer jar- made by Saint-Gobain Containers / Verallia North America (now owned by Ardagh Group)

    • SG (on modern glass containers)…………………….Saint-Gobain Containers, Muncie, IN [head office], known (2010-2014) as Verallia North America, (mark dates 2000-to mid/late  2010s).  Many typical modern glass jars and bottles found on grocery store shelves here in the United States, such as for jelly, jam, applesauce, etc, bear this mark, usually on the heel of the container, sometimes the base.  Verallia North America was bought by Ardagh Group in 2014.  For a little more info, see the “U” mark used by Ardagh Group, pictured farther down on this page, and the individual webpages  SG mark, and Ball Bros Glass Company. 

      SGCO monogram - Swayzee Glass Company (Photo courtesy Jean Boyer)

      SGCO monogram – Swayzee Glass Company (Photo courtesy Jean Boyer)

    • SGCo (entwined letters in a monogram) …………… Swayzee Glass Company, Swayzee, Indiana (1894-1906).  This “S G Co” monogram is seen embossed on “Mason’s Patent Nov 30 1858” type fruit jars. The jar variant usually found is listed as jar #1974 in the “Red Book” price guide used by fruit jar collectors. The letters comprising the monogram may be difficult to identify and are often misunderstood by collectors. This marking was incorrectly attributed to Safe Glass Company, Bowling Green, Ohio; Redkey, Indiana; later, Upland, Indiana., by Julian Toulouse. Since the publication of his books (late 1960s, early 1970s), wooden packing cases have been found with the monogram identifying it beyond doubt to have actually been used by Swayzee.
    • S.G.CO ………………………. Several glass factories used this mark (at least four, probably more) . One fairly strong probable user of the mark was Scranton Glass Company, Scranton, Pennsylvania (1881-c.1895) as there are a number of known types of bottles with embossings of local Scranton businesses which carry S.G.CO. , usually on the reverse heel. No proof that Scranton was involved, but perhaps time will tell.  Nevertheless, here are listed four companies that I am certain actually did use this mark, at least on some items they produced:
    • ***Seattle Glass Company, Renton, Washington (1905-1907), known for producing amber beer bottles. These are primarily found in the northwestern US.
    • *** Severn Glass Company, Annapolis, Maryland (c.1897-1901). Appears on certain bottles (usually flasks or beer bottles in amber or aqua) found in the Baltimore, Maryland and surrounding area. The mark appears on the heel or the base, and in some cases is accompanied by an anchor. Information uncovered by researcher Tod Von Mechow indicate that ths little-known firm is virtually certain to have been the user of S.G.CO. on these bottles. Several dozen different beer bottle variants from Baltimore and surrounding area are known with this mark.
    • ***Southern Glass Company/Works, Louisville, Kentucky (1877-c.1885) Frequently seen on the base of  “JOHN  J.  SMITH / LOUISVILLE KY” tonic bottles.
    • ***Southern Glass Company, Vernon, California (c.1916-1931) Mostly machine-made bottles, including clear prescription druggist types, mainly found in the western states of the US.
    • S G CO within a segmented parallelogram……….probably Southern Glass Company, Vernon, California (c.1916-1931)
    • S.G.CO.W……………Sydenham Glass Company, Wallaceburg, Ontario, Canada (1894-1913)
    • S.G.CO. with anchor………probably Severn Glass Company, Annapolis, Maryland (c.1897-c.1901). Severn Glass Company was a successor to Annapolis Glass Works, originally incorporated May 12, 1885 in Annapolis. (Per information found by Tod von Mechow).
    • S.G.W………………Southern Glass Works, Louisville, Kentucky (1877-c.1885). Basemark, seen on aqua picnic (“pumpkinseed”) flasks.
    • S. G. W. LOU. KY ………………Southern Glass Works, Louisville, Kentucky (1877-c.1885).  For some info on other nearby glassworks,  see Kentucky Glass Works Company  and Falls City Glass Company, both of which were also located in Louisville and operated during much of the same general time period,  and the  Star Glass Company  which made glass across the Ohio River in New Albany, Indiana.
    • SGW (monogram on face of Mason fruit jar)……….Salem Glass Works, Salem, New Jersey (1863-1937), under various ownerships. Jar was probably made in the 1890s to early 1900s.

      Shield logo on the base of an antique glass jelly jar or tumbler

      Shield logo on the base of a jelly glass

    • Shield emblem (with 3 dots or stars, one horizontal line & 3 vertical lines, as shown)……………Uncertain.  The accompanying pic shows the mark as it appears on the base of a clear jelly glass (which might have originally been sold as a mustard, cheese or peanut butter container) circa 1910-1930 period?
    • Sheldon…………..Probably Sheldon-Foster Glass Company, Chicago, Illinois (1895-1913). This mark is evidently less common than the “S-F G CO” mark which was normally used. Appears on the base of prescription/pharmacy bottles.
    • Signet……………..Chicago Heights Bottle Company, Chicago Heights, Illinois (1912-1913). Trademark reportedly seen embossed on the base of bottles from this short-lived company. Became part of Illinois Glass Co in 1913.
    • S.I.G.W…………….Southern Indiana Glass Works, Loogootee, Indiana (1904-c.1912).
    • S.K.& Co.(with star)……..Shields, King & Company (Proprietors of the Newark Star Glass Works, Newark, Ohio (1873-1880). Also, see “N next to or within a star” and “E.H.E.CO.” entries.
    • S M B M Co……………..Standard Milk Bottle Manufacturing Company, Parkersburg, West Virginia (1911-1912). Seen on milk bottles.
    • S. M. CO. …………………….seen on many small ink bottles……… Sanford Manufacturing Company, later Sanford Ink Company.  I suspect most of the bottles marked with these initials date from the 1880-1920 period.
    • S. M. BiXby & Co………….manufacturer of shoe polish, ink and glue products. Click here for more information.
    • S. McK. & Co………See next entry.
    • S. McKee & Co…….S. McKee and Company, Pittsburgh, PA (c.1834-1908).
    • S. M’Kee…………….S. McKee and Company.
    • S. M’Kee & Co…….S. McKee and Company.
    • Solar Elect. Co / Chicago /  Patd July 11(?) 1905………..embossed marking on the rim of small “forest green” colored glass automobile tail light (?)………………. No information.
    • So. Stoddard, N.H…………….see Weeks & Gilson entry.
    • SOU.G.W. …………..Southern Glass Works, Louisville, Kentucky (1877-c.1885). Seen on base of wax sealer fruit jar.
    • SOU.G.WS. ………….Southern Glass Works, Louisville, KY (1877-c.1885). Seen on bases of several sizes of square pickle bottles (similar to the “cathedral pickles” but with no ornamentation). See “S.G.W. LOU. KY” entry.

      S.P.A.Co. ale bottle mark - digger Robert Moore

      S.P.A.CO. – (Photo courtesy Robert Moore)

    • S.P.A. CO. (on base of amber ale bottle, circa 1880s-1890s?)………. unknown.
    • Spring Garden Glass Works……………………..embossing seen on pictorial flasks. This was one of the two factory sites in Baltimore, MD that also operated under the name “Baltimore Glass Works”. (See Baltimore Glass Works entry). There is conflicting information concerning the exact stretch of time the factory was designated with this name, but the flasks with the Spring Garden Glass Works embossing  (sometimes the lettering looks more like one word, “Glassworks”) were likely blown sometime during the 1850 to 1870 period.  Some flasks from this glass works bear Anchor and Log Cabin designs.
    • S & R; S.R & Co……..Southwick, Reeves & Co. (proprietors of the Clyde Glass Works, c. 1868-18??). See Clyde.
    • SS in a circle………….Silver Spur Corporation, Cerritos, California (1978-to date). All bottles are actually manufactured in Taiwan and China. Business offices and warehouse is located in Cerritos.
    • SSP/B……………..S.S.Pierce, Boston, Massachusetts. Seen on base of strap-side flasks, perhaps 1890-1910 period?  Toulouse indicates the maker was possibly S.S. Pierce, a food (and spirits?) distributor based in Boston. Although I was at first skeptical about this attribution, I have since seen one of these flasks carrying a partial label, which was lettered “bottled by S.S. Pierce, Boston”. However, since Pierce was evidently a jobber, the actual manufacturer of the flasks is unknown, presumably a glasshouse in the Boston area.

      Star Glass Works star on base of A. Templeton ale bottle.

      Star Glass Works star (on base of A. Templeton cream ale bottle).

    • Star (5-pointed star on base, example shown)……….see full article on webpage here:  Star Glass Works/Company, New Albany, IN (1869-c.1879).  In 1879, W. C. Depauw acquired entire ownership, and the factory then (or soon after) became known as DePauw’s American Plate Glass Works, with the window glass / fruit jar division being called “W. C. DePauw Company” in city directories). The operation produced fruit jars (some are marked “W C D” on the base), and continued to operate until the Panic of 1893 caused the plant to shut down. Sporadic attempts to revive the works failed. This star marking is usually quite boldly embossed. Probably the most well-known bottle variant found with the bold, heavy star mark on the base is a “squat quart” Cream Ale bottle made for A. Templeton of Louisville, Kentucky in the very late 1860s or early 1870s. It is found in shades of amber and dark olive green. Note: A star on the base of certain bottles found mainly on the west coast might be attributed to Pacific Glass Works, San Francisco, CA. Also, see “3 Rivers” and “N next to or within a star” marks. There are also cases in which some types of bottles exhibit a star in the design or on the base which has nothing to do with the glassmaker. See “W.C.D.”
    • Star Glass Co. ……………………..Star Glass Company (Star Glass Works, New Albany, IN).  Marking embossed across the face of wax sealer style fruit jars. These jars have been found in several colors including shades of aqua, green, citron and amber. See above entry.
    • Star enclosing an “N”………..see “N next to (or within) a star”.
    • Sterlinglass………..Unknown.
    • S. V. D. Co …………………Unknown.  Seen on the base of clear hand-blown prescription/druggist flask/bottle that appears to date from the 1890-1915 time period. The “D” possibly stands for “Drug” and I would guess the initials stand for an obscure pharmaceutical manufacturer or distributor.
    • Swayzee…………….Swayzee Glass Company, Swayzee, Indiana (1894-1906). Factory bought by Ball Bros. in 1906.  MTC Thatcher mark #2MTC Thatcher mark
    • TMC or MTC  (T, vaguely resembling an anchor with horizontal upper stroke, with smaller, angular M and C nestled underneath to the left and right, arranged in a somewhat triangular formation, as shown)………………see Thatcher Manufacturing Company/Thatcher Glass Mnfg. Corporation .
    • T………………….Uncertain. (Seen on base of small, clear bottle, c.1900, perhaps a perfume bottle).   Might be Tibby Bros. See “T.B”. mark.

      T (Double-line font) used by Thatcher Glass c.1981-1985.

      T (Double-line font) used by Thatcher Glass c.1981-1985.

    • T (double-lined letter, shown). This was the very  last logo used by Thatcher Glass Manufacturing Company.
    • T in a circle……….Unknown (Seen on base of aqua rectangular paneled prescription bottle, c. 1910-1930).
    • T in a keystone……..Knox Bottle Company, Palestine, Texas glass plant location (1941-c.1953).
    • T in a square (rectangle)…….Anchor Hocking mark “Anchor in a rectangle” somewhat resembles a capital T when viewed upside down.
    • T in an inverted triangle…………..Turner Brothers Company, Terre Haute, Indiana (c.1910-c.1929).  This Triangle-T mark was seen on the bottom of a clear glass handled jug, of a type frequently used for vinegar, apple cider, ammonia, etc.   Successor to Modes-Turner Glass Company.  Turner Bros. was apparently briefly reorganized as Turner Bros. Corporation (c. 1930-1932), later bought by General Glass Corporation (headquartered at Lancaster, OH) with plants at both Terre Haute and Winchester, Indiana.  General Glass Corporation lasted until around 1937 (some info from Indiana Glass Factories Notes, Dick Roller, 1994, page 103).
    • T in an inverted triangle……Travis Glass Company, Clarksburg, West Virginia, as seen on milk bottles , circa 1913-1920.
    • T.B. ………………Tibby Brothers, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Sharpsburg, PA (1866-c.1902). The first factory location was in Pittsburgh, and the second one was started up in Sharpsburg somewhat later. Both locations operated simultaneously for many years. The Sharpsburg location was the only plant in operation by the time of Tibby Brothers’ closing, but I am not sure on the exact date Pittsburgh closed and when the Sharpsburg plant opened.
    • TB (placed to right of embossed arrow logo)……..seen on base of clear machine-made WATKINS TRIAL MARK extract/flavoring bottle, circa 1980s-1990s. Uncertain meaning.
    • T.C.W………………See next entry.
    • T.C.W.CO. ………….T.C.Wheaton Glass Company, later “Wheaton Glass Company” , “Wheaton Industries”, (now Wheaton) , Millville, New Jersey (1888-to date). Seen especially on laboratory, chemical and drug bottles. See “W in a circle”.
    • Temperglas ……………… Brand name used by Brockway Glass Company. Please see “B in a circle” entry.
    • Three Rivers………..Three Rivers Glass Company, Three Rivers, Texas (1922-1937)
    • Tibby Bros Pitts PA….See “T B”.
    • 3 R “star”………….Three Rivers Glass Company, Three Rivers, TX (1922-1937)
    • 3  Rivers (with “star” emblem)……….Three Rivers Glass Company, Three Rivers, TX (1922-1937). Ball Bros. Glass Company bought this plant in 1937, and operated it for around 10 years before shutting it down.

      Modes-Turner "TM" monogram (on base of Hoster, Columbus, Ohio beer bottle)

      Modes-Turner “TM” monogram, above mold number 651 (on base of Hoster, Columbus, Ohio beer bottle)

    • T/M entwined (monogram, as shown)………….almost certainly the Modes-Turner Glass Company, Cicero & Terre Haute, Indiana (c.1900-1905). Earlier known as Modes Glass Company (c.1895-1900). Terre Haute operation later known as Turner Bros. Glass Company (c.1905-1930) and the Cicero plant became known as Indiana Bottle and Glass Company (c.1905-1909).
    • T M C………………Thatcher Manufacturing Company, Kane, PA; Elmira, NY; other locations (1904-1985). Mark used circa 1910s-1920s.
    • T MFG CO……………Thatcher Manufacturing Company, Kane, PA; Elmira, NY; other locations (1904-1985). Mark used circa 1910s-1920s.
    • T.M’F’G.CO………….Thatcher Manufacturing Company, Kane, PA; Elmira, NY; other locations (1904-1985). Mark used circa 1904-c.1920.
    • TRADEMARK LIGHTNING PUTNAM ……………….. A large number of “wire bail type” glass fruit jars are found with this wording. Some bear the words “TRADEMARK LIGHTNING” on the face and “PUTNAM” along with a mold number on the base, but others are marked only on the base with the entire phrase “TRADEMARK LIGHTNING PUTNAM” and a mold number. There are several other minor variations of wording, including some units that bear the initials “H.W.P.” [for Henry W. Putnam] on the bottom along with a mold number.  Covering all variations, these “Lightning” style jars were made over a very long period of time, beginning in 1882 when Patent# 256,857 was issued to Henry William Putnam for his version of the bail wire closure device (first patented in 1875 on other types of bottles). Basically, a wire loop and levers operated to clamp down securely onto the lid and close the jar. The “Putnam” jars were made by at least 11 glass companies, some being made into the early 1900s.  Aqua is the most commonly seen color, as was typical of utilitarian glass of the time period.  According to “THE FRUIT JAR WORKS, Volume 1” by Alice Creswick (1995), these jars are found in a very wide range of colors and several sizes, and were made by Lyndeboro Glass Company, Lyndeborough, NH; Edward H. Everett, Newark, OH; Hazel Glass Company, Washington, PA; J. P. Smith & Co, Pittsburgh, PA; Moore Bros, Clayton, NJ; Mannington Glass Works, Mannington, WV; Poughkeepsie Glass Works, Poughkeepsie, NY; Hawley Glass Company, Hawley, PA; Wellsburgh Glass & Mfg CO., Wellsburgh, WV; Sydenham Glass Co., Wallaceburg, Ontario, Canada, & Dominion Glass Company, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. A number of other glass companies were also likely involved with their production at some time or other.  NOTE: There are a number of modern-era reproductions of these jars on the market, especially jars in unusual and rarer colors. Caution and careful research is advised when buying and collecting these types of jars.  (See also the entry on “PUTNAM”).
    • Treble clef sign (actually a cursive, capital “S” but looks something like the treble clef in sheet music) …………………lightly embossed on the base of tableware including tumblers, etc: L. E. Smith Glass Company, Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (1907-to date) .

      Triangles mark on base of VICKS VAPORUB jar (photo courtesy of John Rich

      “Two Triangles” mark on base of VICKS VAPORUB jar (photo courtesy of John Rich)

    • Triangles (one triangle inside a larger triangle) …………………..seen on the base of small cobalt blue ointment jars, in several sizes. These jars contained Vicks VapoRub salve.  I believe the two triangles was an actual registered trademark. This particular mark was probably used on jars from a specific span of time; not sure on exact years they were made, but the examples I’ve seen appear to  date from the 1910s, 1920s or 1930s.  Later jars may have one triangle with the words “Vicks / VapoRub” encircling it, or a “V V V” logo along with the words, and there are probably many other slight variations in existence. This is a very common jar, frequently found in 20th century bottle dumps, and loved by collectors of cobalt blue glass for it’s brilliant color. Many of these containers were produced by Maryland Glass Company, of Baltimore, but most of them are not marked with the glassmakers’ identification.   Vicks VapoRub jars have been made of plastic since (I think) the early to mid-1970s.
American National Can Company mark, triangle / sailboat-like logo

American National Can Company mark

    • Triangular logo (shown)……………….American National Can Company (198?-2000), mark used after it was purchased by Triangle Industries. This mark itself was used circa 1985-1988. Vaguely resembling a sailboat with sails unfurled, the mark is seen on the base of soda bottles, such as typical emerald green non-returnable 7-UP or Sprite bottles.  Another mark (vaguely resembling two “C’s” facing each other), was also used by this firm, and according to a post by William Lape (see Comments section of this page), it was used from 1988 to 1995.  (See “American National Can Company” entry on page one with photo of the other mark).   American National Can Company was acquired by Rexam in 2000.

      Tygart Valley Glass Company, circa 1940-1959

      “T over a V” mark, used by Tygart Valley Glass Company, circa 1940-1959

    • T over a V……………….Tygart Valley Glass Company, Grafton, West Virginia (1895-1928) and Washington, Pennsylvania (1928-1959). A maker of many types of generic packer jars and bottles. Their mark underwent some subtle changes over the years, and the last variant, which closely resembles a narrow inverted triangle,(with the downward-pointing serifs of the “T” crossbar almost, but not quite, touching the upper portions of the “V”) , was evidently used from about 1940 to 1959. On earlier items the mark is reported (by Toulouse) to have had a somewhat wider “V”. Tygart Valley was purchased by Brockway Glass Company in 1959.
    • T.W. & CO……………..Thomas Wightman & Company, Pittsburgh, PA (1872-c.1893).  Successor to Lorenz and Wightman (also please see L & W,  W.G.CO,  and W  marks).
    • U……………………..Several possibilities: Underwood Glass Company, New Orleans, Louisiana (1956-1978) & Memphis, Tennessee; Upland Cooperative Glass Company, Upland, Indiana (1899-1909) or Upland Flint Bottle Co/Upland Glass Co, Upland, Indiana (1912-1929). In the case of some earlier handblown strapside flasks which are found with a “U” on the base, which probably date before any of these companies’ existence, the glassmaker is uncertain…….perhaps Union Glass Works, Philadelphia, PA (1845-c.1876).
    • U in a keystone……………….Pennsylvania Bottle Company, Sheffield, Pennsylvania (1929-1951).

      Ardagh Group logo used on glass containers.

      Ardagh Group logo used on glass containers.

    • U (symbol which vaguely resembles the letter “U” , a horseshoe, or an upside-down version of the Greek letter “Omega”……………………Ardagh Group, (pronounced “AHR‘-DAW”) based in Luxembourg, with many bottle manufacturing plants across Europe including Germany, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland, Netherlands, Italy and Sweden.  NOTE: As of 2014, Ardagh has acquired the former Saint Gobain / Verallia glass factories in the United States, and this mark has started appearing on jars and bottles made at those plants. Fourteen glass container plants in the US are now (2019) under Ardagh Group ownership and it is my understanding they are all using this logo on their container glassware.   The mark usually appears on the lower “heel” area of the container, sometimes on the base.  According to, this logo was officially registered as of  November 11, 2014.   (Also, see Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company and S G / Saint Gobain pages).
    • U D CO ………….United Drug Company, headquartered in Boston, MA (1902-1944), renamed Rexall Drug Company. Various medicine bottles with this mark on the bottom are known, with possibly the majority of them dating from the first two or three decades of the company’s existence. I don’t know what glass company/companies actually manufactured the bottles for United Drug, but Whitall Tatum Co., and other large bottle makers on the East Coast would be possibilities.
    • U G B ……………..United Glass Bottle Manufacturers, Inc. (large conglomerate of many glass factories in the United Kingdom). Mark dates from 1913 to about 1968.
    • U.G.CO……………..Union Glass Company (Works), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1845-c.1876).
    • U G P………………Universal Glass Products, Parkersburg, West Virginia (c.1930-1962); Joliet, Illinois (1962-19??). Known especially for producing clear glass embossed milk bottles for various dairies.  Julian Toulouse (Bottle Makers and their Marks, 1971) also shows a “U G” monogram (U and G superimposed) on page 515, with no info on dates used.  I have not seen an example of that particular mark.
    • Union Glass Works, Phil’A…………..Union Glass Works, Philadelphia, PA (c.1845-c.1876). There were a number of unrelated glass companies known under the name “Union Glass Works”, located in several cities during the 19th century, but this particular firm is best known for having made many blob or “squat” type soda bottles for quite a number of soda bottling companies. Many of those bottles were made in a vibrant cobalt blue color and appear to be typical of the 1850s-1860s era. I have found conflicting info on the timeline this company was in business.

      "Three triangle-shaped bumps" -- Vitro mark on 2008 Commemorative Coke Bottle

      Vitro Packaging mark, Monterrey Mexico

    • V (stylized “V” trademark, as shown)…………Vitro Packaging LLC, Monterrey, Mexico. Seen on many glass containers imported into the US.  On some containers the mark may be very indistinct, and usually appears as merely a group of 3 triangularly-shaped raised dots or bumps. I don’t have a date of earliest use of this mark, but most bottles that carry it seem to be of relatively recent manufacture (perhaps after circa 1995).

      "V in a circle" mark on base of Sioux City brand Wildberry soda.

      “V in a circle” mark on base of Sioux City brand Wildberry soda.

    • V inside a circle………….I  presume this is another mark used by Vitro Packaging, based in Monterrey, Mexico, (see above entry) but I do not have information to confirm that. If you have information concerning the correct identity of this mark (shown), and the time period during which it was used on bottles, I would appreciate it.  Photo shows the base of a “Sioux City” brand soda bottle, and the “92” is presumed to be a date code for the year 1992. See next entry.

      V in a diamond, Diamond Glass, Vienna (photo courtesy Dannie Lynn)

      V in a diamond, Diamond Glass Vienna Inc.(photo courtesy Dannie Richard)

    • V inside a circle………..Vidroporto S.A.,  Sao Paulo, Brazil (1981-to date). This mark is listed in the Emhart database of worldwide glass manufacturers’ punt marks, but I don’t know when this “V inside a circle” was first used by Vidroporto, or if there is any connection at all with the preceding mark, as seen on the Wildberry soda bottle apparently made in 1992.
    • V in a diamond……………… Diamond Glass Vienna Inc., Vienna, West Virginia (1981- c.1986) .  Confirmed on the base of a clear liquor flask with a 1981 date code.  This firm was one of the subsidiaries of Diamond-Bathurst, the other glass container subsidiary (in the US) being Diamond Glass Company of Royersford, Pennsylvania.
    • Vaseline……………please see Chesebrough Mnfg Co webpage here.
    • V.D.CO……………..Unknown. Possibly Alfred Vogeler Drug Company?     

      VE (letters connected) logo (Pic courtesy of Vickie Chandler).

      VE (letters connected) logo used by Vetreria Etrusca (Photo courtesy of Vickie Chandler).

    • VE (letters connected) ………………..Vetreria Etrusca, business offices in Montelupo Fiorentino, near Florence, Italy (glass plant located in Altare, Savona, Italy).  (1920-to date). No info on what year this company started using the VE-connected logo, or what other marks they may have used in previous years. Most of the containers seen bearing this mark seem to be fairly recent production, perhaps after the 1980s?  The photo to the right shows the mark as it appears on the base of a light green square kitchen canister with hinged metal closure. If you have info on when this mark was introduced, and what (if any) other marks were previously used, please let us know! 
    • V.G.CO. or V superimposed over a G ………………………..Victory Glass Company, Jeannette, Pennsylvania (c. 1919-1955). Specialized in making clear glass candy containers in the shapes of various objects including telephones, animals, airplanes, etc. (Info from Glasshouses & Glass Manufacturers of the Pittsburgh Region 1795-1910 by Jay W. Hawkins, 2009).  The V/G entwined mark is seen on the base of clear/amethyst tint jars (similar to fruit jars)  made for an egg beater / hand mixer assembly patented March 30, 1915, patent #1,133,413. The letter “G” looks vaguely like a sideways Greek ‘Omega’.
    • VI (inside horizontal rectangle or square)…………. Verallia (Saint Gobain). This mark is seen on Saint Gobain bottles produced  at several glass plants located within the country of Italy (as of 2013).  Most Verallia/Saint Gobain bottles made in the United States carried an “S G” mark, until 2014 when Ardagh Group bought those plants. After 2014, they may carry the “horseshoe” or “upside-down Omega sign” used by Ardagh.  See that logo under the “U” listings.  Also, please see Saint Gobain page.
    • Vicks VapoRub…………………see “Triangles” entry on this page.
    • VICTOR (on base of clear glass medicine bottles)…….. trademark for line of pharmaceutical bottles, used by Obear-Nestor Glass Company, East St. Louis, Illinois, circa 1902-1920 (History of Drug Containers & their Labels, Griffenhagen & Bogard, 1999, page 129).

      Vidriera Monterrey monogram on base of wine bottle, date coded 1956

      Vidriera Monterrey monogram on base of wine bottle, date coded 1956

    • V above M, inside a triangle,  monogram as shown. Viewed upside down, mark looks somewhat like a W inside a triangle)…………Vidriera Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico (1909-19??).  Exact period of use of this mark uncertain. I have two green wine bottles (a type formerly encased in wickerwork), date-coded 1956 and 1958, both bearing this mark. Vidriera Monterrey is a glass container factory “ancestor” to the present corporation Vitro Packaging. (See “V” mark, also see the “M above V in a circle” mark).
    • VO (“V” entwined/superimposed over an “O”)………………………….., as seen on the base of some Italian-origin containers including Lucini brand olive oil bottles…………..Vetrerie Venete S.p.A., Ormelle, Treviso, Veneto, Italy.
    • Votive candle cups…………see this page that discusses the common “Hobnail” pattern candle cups (vigil tumblers).
    • VR-connected (The letters “V” and “R” are combined with one vertical stroke forming both the right side of the V and the left side of the R). Possibly Vidreiera Los Reyes, glass container (“envase”) manufacturer in Mexico (1944- ?). Bottles and jars with this mark MIGHT date from the 1970s-1990s era?  If you have more accurate information on this trademark, please advise!
    • 5 W …………………….. Winslow Glass Company, Matthews, Indiana (1900-1908) and Columbus, Ohio (1902-1927).  The “5W” mark was actually began in 1912  (fulfilling government requirements for a glassmaker mark to appear on all milk bottles),  according to Julian Toulouse (Bottle Makers & Their Marks, 1971, page 532), and is seen on milk bottles only.  Berney-Bond Glass Company purchased the plant in 1927, and eventually Owens-Illinois acquired the plant in about 1931 which became their factory #18.
    • W……………………… on handmade antique bottles, this could stand for either Wormser Glass Company (1875-c.1927) Pittsburgh, PA; or Thos. Wightman & Company (1872-1893) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, later Thos. Wightman Glass Company ((1893-1917) / Wightman Bottle & Glass Company (1917-1921).  A square handmade aqua-colored pickle bottle that bears  a “W” on the base looks to date from the 1880s or 1890s.  Fruit jars with “W” on the side, and and “L &” faintly visible (removed from the mold) are believed to be Thomas Wightman & Co. products.  A detailed timeline of this company and it’s various incarnations can be found in Jay W. Hawkins’ Glasshouses and Glass Manufacturers of Pittsburgh Region 1795-1910 (2009).
    • W (with a line underneath, inside a circle)…………………….L. G. Wright Glass Company, New Martinsville, West Virginia (1937-1999). This mark is a recent one and I don’t know the exact date range, but am guessing it was used by Wright in the 1980s and 1990s. Wright specialized in producing “upscale” tableware and glass novelties, usually of patterns originally popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Glass in a wide variety of colors was produced. Wright did not actually make the glass themselves, but had other glass companies pour it for them (such as Fenton, Westmoreland, Summit, Mosser, Viking, Fostoria, Plum  and others), using molds owned by Wright. Wright then sold/distributed the ware under their own company name. This mark, for instance, appears on the inside bottom (not embossed on the outside of the base, as would be more typical) of a ruby red “Double Wedding Ring” pattern toothpick holder.  It is  likely that some molds with this mark are being used to produce glassware by other, more recent company(ies), since Wright sold off their inventory of glass molds in 1999; they were auctioned off to a number of other entities. Also, please see next entry.
    • W (with a line underneath, inside a circle)……..on glass refrigerator dishes or loaf pans, Westinghouse Electric Company.  Made to be used with refrigerators sold by Westinghouse. These probably date mostly from the 1930-1950s.  They might have been made by Corning or some other glass company for Westinghouse. This underlined-W mark is also seen on Westinghouse porcelain electrical insulators. These glass items with the Westinghouse “W” have no connection with L. G. Wright Glass Co. (see entry above) who sold upscale novelty and decorative glassware.
    • W & CO………….Thomas Wightman & Company, Pittsburgh, PA (c.1874-1895+). See “T.W.& Co.” and “L&W” marks.

      W in side circle-Wheaton Glass

      W-inside-circle on base of amber laboratory/chemical bottle

    • W in a circle……….T. C. Wheaton Glass Company, later, Wheaton Industries, now known simply as “Wheaton”, based in Millville, New Jersey (1888-to date).  This mark is seen on the bottoms of many laboratory, chemical & drug bottles including very small vials, and has been in use since 1946. Wheaton now [2013] has an expanded line of products catering to the medical / pharmaceutical / scientific world.  As far as glass bottle production, they manufacture a good percentage of the small “serum bottles” (the small vials used to contain vaccines, etc) sold in the United States and other countries. Also, please see next entry!
    • W inside a circle…….. In some cases, the “M inside a circle” mark used by Mosser Glass Company, Cambridge, OH, appears (when viewed upside down) to be a W inside a circle because of slightly diagonal strokes of the two “legs” of the letter. This appears mostly on upscale novelty glassware and repro ornamental ware, not on utilitarian bottles. Please check the M entries concerning Mosser near the top of this page, showing a pic of this mark.
    • W in a diamond…………Whitney Glass Works, Glassboro, New Jersey (1882-1918). This mark confirmed on the bottom of a small, clear druggist bottle which probably dates from sometime in the 1890s to early 1900s. The diamond is rather vertically compressed on this example. (Please see next entry).

      "W in a diamond" used by Westite Glass Company, as it appears on the base of a jade green milkglass vase (photo courtesy of Abby Chovanec)

      “W in a diamond” used by Westite Glass Company, as it appears on the base of a jade green milkglass vase (photo courtesy of Abby Chovanec)

    • W in a diamond (shown)……………. Westite Glass Company, Weston, West Virginia (1930-1936). Maker of unusually-colored slag glass novelties such as planters, vases, ashtrays, etc, similar to the appearance of Akro-Agate glassware.  The “W” could be seen as two overlapping capital letter ‘V’s, which would separate it from the appearance of the mark used by Whitney, above.
    • W in a keystone…………Westmoreland Glass Company, Grapeville, Pennsylvania (1889-1984). This mark was used from 1910 to 1929. See “W superimposed over a G” entry.
    • W in a rectangle or square………….Wood’s Bottle Works, Portobello, Scotland, United Kingdom (this particular mark used circa 1900-1920, according to Julian Toulouse, Bottle Makers and their Marks, 1971).  W in a rectangle is confirmed on the base of a “Brand & Co. Ltd, Mayfair, The ‘A-1’ Sauce, London” bottle, reported to me by Don via email. Thanks Don!
    • Water drops/droplets (Logo/emblem representing two drops of water)……………..Pasabahce, Turkey.   see “Drops/Droplets” entry on page two.
    • Watkins (J. R. Watkins Co.)……………….see J. R. Watkins Co. page.

      B superimposed over W (or W superimposed over B). Photo courtesy of Brad Watson.

      B superimposed over W (or W superimposed over B). Photo courtesy of Brad Watson.

    • W superimposed over B (or could be B superimposed over W)………..Uncertain. This mark seen on base of handblown, tooled-lip clear or sun-colored amethyst prescription bottles (probably dating c. 1900-1915), found in Hawaii. Possibly used by Western Bottle Manufacturing Company, Chicago, but no proof of this.
    • W. B. Caldwell’s……………please see “Dr. W. B. Caldwell’s” webpage.
    • W.B.M.CO………………Western Bottle Manufacturing Company, Chicago, Illinois (1901- c. 1922?). Maker/distributor of druggist bottles and other drug/health related items including toothbrushes, nursing bottles, etc. May have been a bottle jobber (not actual manufacturer) in later years?? More info requested!  Possible user of the mark “W superimposed over B”  listed above, which is found on the base of druggist/prescription bottles.
    • W. BROOKFIELD  (seen on glass electrical insulators) ……………marking used by Brookfield Glass Company at their first glass plant located in Brooklyn, New York. The “W” in this case actually stands for “William”, although the letter is often misinterpreted as meaning “West”.   Most insulators that bear this marking were made in the late 1860s up to around 1905. Their later insulators were marked with BROOKFIELD with the letter “W” having been removed. For more info on this glassmaker, please see my webpage on Brookfield Glass Company (Bushwick Glass Works). 
    • W & C…………..Unknown
    • W.C.D………………W.C.DePauw Glass Works (fruit jar/window glass division of the DePauw’s American Plate Glass Works), New Albany, Indiana (1879-c.1893). Initials are embossed in a semi-circle on the base of “MASON’S PATENT NOV 30th 1858 ” type fruit jars, along with a mold number such as “44”.  This factory was known as Star Glass Works (or Star Glass Company) from c.1869 to about 1879, although the former name continued to be used casually for years after the “official” title of the works was changed. See “Star” mark, and Star Glass Company webpage.
    • W.C.G.CO……………West Coast Glass Company, Los Angeles, California (1908-1930). According to Julian Toulouse (Bottle Makers & Their Marks, 1971, page 536) this CA company primarily made milk bottles, some being found with this mark. (Jelly glasses and tumblers were made before 1921).  He doesn’t mention any other types of bottles as being made.  However, a tooled-top, hand-blown generic clear prescription bottle marked “3 OUNCES” on the front was found in the east (Virginia) which exists with this mark on the base. Another type of generic druggist bottle of the same basic shape was dug in the Rome, NY area.  If another bottle manufacturing company used these initials, one possibility would be a short-lived venture, the Wightman Co-operative Glass Co, Port Allegany, Pennsylvania (1916).  At this time, I consider the initials on those prescription bottles to be unidentified with absolute certainty.
    • W.D.CO……………..see next entry.

      WDCO monogram, as it appears on beach glass (bottle base). Photo courtesy of Natalie Radosevic.

      WDCO monogram, as it appears on beach glass (bottle base). Photo courtesy of Natalie Radosevic.

    • W D CO (monogram, shown)…………….this monogram (and the above mark) apparently stands for the West Disinfecting Company, New York, NY (E. Taussig & Co., Proprietors), circa 1890s. Thanks to Jim Novak for info.  For more information, see this page:
    • W.D.& G…………….Unknown, seen on amber strap-side flask.
    • WEBER…………………..O. J. Weber Company, Los Angeles, California.  Mark seen on bases of a number of milk bottles from CA.  The O.J. Weber Co. was a supply house for dairy equipment, in business by 1906 and continuing until 1936 or somewhat later.  They apparently contracted with more than one glasshouse over the years to have milk bottles made with their name embossed on the bottles. (Information from Bill Lockhart & Carol Serr).
    • Weeks & Gilson, So. Stoddard, N. H. ………………….Weeks & Gilson, South Stoddard Glass Manufacturing Company (1850-1873). This marking appears embossed in a circle on the base of cylindrical whiskey/wine bottles, usually in dark shades of amber or green. A nice article with illustrations of various bottles and shards, some of which were found at the South Stoddard site can be found on pages 52-55 of the August, 1933 issue of Magazine Antiques, written by Lura Woodside Watkins.  Also, a recent article on Stoddard history, written by Michael George, can be found at the site .
    • Westford Glass Co…………Westford Glass Company, Westford, Connecticut (1857-1869). Embossed wording seen on several figural / pictorial whiskey flasks, including the “Sheaf of Grain” flasks, GXIII-36 and GXIII-37 variants.
    • W.F.M………………Aetna Glass Works (William F. Modes, Proprietor), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (circa 1869). Mark seen on the base of certain “Mason’s Patent Nov 30 1858” fruit jars. William Modes was also involved in several other, later glass companies, including Beaver Falls Glass Company, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, and Modes Glass Company of Cicero, Indiana.
    • W.F.& S…………On certain bottles dating from the 1870s, William Frank & Sons, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1876).  In most cases, a similar mark (usually seen with “MIL” or “MILW” as part of the embossing) indicates the bottle was made by an unrelated concern, William Franzen & Son, of Milwaukee, WI.
    • W.F.& S. MIL…….See next entry.
    • W.F.& S. MILW……William Franzen & Son, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (c.1900-1929). This mark is commonly seen on many beer bottles from the midwest. The mark may have been introduced on ware as early as 1896. See N G W mark.
    • W.F.& Sons………William Frank & Sons, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1876). Earlier known as Wm. Frank & Company (1846-1866), although actual glass manufacturing didn’t begin until 1858 as during the period 1846 to 1858 the firm was only a dry goods/mercantile establishment. After 1858, when the glasshouse was built, it was also called the “Frankstown Glass Works”.
    • WG, W/G ………………………………….see next entry.

      Westmoreland Glass Company - W superimposed over G - mark used c. 1949-1984.

      Westmoreland Glass Company – “W superimposed over a G” – mark used c. 1949-1984.

    • W superimposed over a G………….Westmoreland Glass Company, Grapeville, Pennsylvania (1889-1984). This “W over G” monogram/logo is seen most commonly on high-quality colored and opaque pressed and pattern glass, including tableware, novelties, hen-on-nest covered dishes, etc.  Westmoreland made large quantities of white milkglass and other opaque colored ware in many patterns, colors and styles. This particular mark reportedly dates from 1949 to 1984. (See also “W in a keystone”, an earlier mark used by Westmoreland).  Caution: This mark is also seen on some more recent items, such as hen-on-nest dishes, that were made after 1984 but produced from older molds which have since been sold to other glass making companies. For more information on Westmoreland and their trademarks, try visiting the Westmoreland Glass Club Website.
    • W.G.CO……………..Used by at least 2 or 3 companies (or more). Wisconsin Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1882-1886) produced beer bottles with these initials on the base. The mark is also confirmed on a clear rectangular mouth-blown druggist bottle, circa 1900. A possibility for the source of the mark in that case might be the Wagner Glass Company, Ingalls, Indiana (1895-1908). Company info on Wagner can be found in Dick Roller’s Indiana Glass Factories Notes, page 49.     Julian Toulouse states (Thos.) Wightman Glass Company, Parkers Landing, Pennsylvania (he states 1900-1930, but more recent info indicates c.1893-c.1921)  as the user of “W.G.CO.”  (See “W”).  I also suspect that some bottles made by Wormser Glass Company, Pittsburgh, might have carried this mark. Note: In the case of Wisconsin Glass Company, the embossing “MILW” is also usually included, but some bottles do exhibit the lone “W.G.CO.” marking. See next entry, as well as “WIS G.CO.” and similar marks.
    • W.G.CO. MILW…………….Wisconsin Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1882-1886). Noted on blob-top beer bottles. Also, see “WIS.G.CO.”
    • W.G.M.CO……………Western Glass Manufacturing Company, Valverde, Colorado (1900-1909)
    • W.G.W (monogram)…….Woodbury Glass Works, Woodbury, New Jersey (1882-1900)
    • Wheaton……………………Wheaton, Millville, New Jersey. Producer of many reproduction bottles, Avon cosmetic, cologne, decorator bottles and other glassware.  See “W in a circle” and “T.C.W”. entries.  Now [2012] after several restructurings, buyouts, etc, Wheaton has diversified and is primarily a manufacturer of many lines of pharmaceutical/scientific products,  including their “old standbys”, glass serum bottles, such as used to contain vaccines and other fluids. Most of the reproduction bottles, “fantasy” bottles, figural flasks and containers were made during the 1960s and 1970s. The “Cape Cod” ruby red glass line of tableware produced for Avon was manufactured over a period of many years: 1975-1993. (See the page on Avon bottles for a picture of these Cape Cod style goblets). Some items are marked “Nuline”,  and many of the repro/fantasy bottles have an “imitation” pontil mark on the bottom, which looks like a depressed area in the glass, sometimes vaguely shaped like the outline of a state such as Iowa or Ohio!
    • Whitney Glass Works……………..Whitney Glass Works, Glassboro, New Jersey (c. 1836-1918). Claiming an “ancestry” dating back to the late 1770s, as early as 1836 this firm  operated under the name “Whitney Brothers”, although in later years (by 1875, if not before) it was known as “Whitney Glass Works”.  The “official” name of the firm became “Whitney Glass Works” in 1887 (according to Adeline Pepper, The Glass Gaffers of New Jersey – 1971, page 42), although ads dating from 1875 show both versions of the factory name within the same ad. This glass works made many types of bottles, including the famous original “BOOZ” bottles shaped like a cabin, the Drake bitters bottles, and many others. Various bottles are marked “WHITNEY GLASS WORKS” in a circle on the base, and these may date after 1887, although I feel that some might date before that year, since the timeline as to when the name was first actually embossed on their bottles seems rather “fuzzy”.  In 1918 this factory became a part of the Owens Bottle Company.  In 1929, after the forming of Owens-Illinois Glass Co, the plant became O-I plant #8.
    • Whittemore / Boston / U.S.A  or  Whittemore / Boston // French / Gloss …………… for more information, please see this page on Whittemore.

      W I & P Pittsburgh bottle base

      Partial Base Shard of “W. I. & P. Pittsburgh PA” ale or porter bottle in dark green, circa 1836-1838.

    • W. I. & P. Pittsburgh Pa …………………Whitehead, Ihmsen & Phillips, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1836-1838) . Co-proprietors of several factories in Pittsburgh (located in Birmingham, now called “South Side”), including the Pennsylvania Black Glass Works. Mark is confirmed on the base of three bottle variants, all dark olive green “blackglass” or dark forest green porter or ale types. See article by Jay W. Hawkins in All About Glass magazine, April 2011 issue. This is probably the second-oldest known glassworks identification marking known on the base of an American-made bottle. See “New Eng. Glass Bottle Co.” entry.
    • Willington Glass Co. ………..Willington Glass Company/Works, West Willington, Connecticut (c.1830-1872).  Full name seen on several flasks, as well as embossed in a circle (as “Willington Glass Works”) on the base of cylinder whiskey bottles.
    • WIS.G.CO……………Wisconsin Glass Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1882-1886) . [Note: For general information on antique bottles from Wisconsin, you might try browsing this collectors’ site: Wisconsin Bottles Website . This site pictures many kinds of embossed bottles used in Wisconsin, including some that were made at the glass factories in Milwaukee, as well as many other bottles from out-of-state glasshouses that were made for, and used by, companies operating in Wisconsin.]
    • WIS.G.CO. MIL……….Same as above.
    • WIS.G.CO. MILW………Same as above.
    • WIS.GLASS CO………..Same as above.
    • WIS.GLASS CO. /MILW…..Another variation on the above marks. This one is noted on a pickle bottle. (Can be misinterpreted to read “Milw Wis Glass Co”, implying the name was “Milwaukee Glass Company”, which is in error. The company was known as Wisconsin Glass Company).
    • W. L. ……………………… White’s Laboratories, Newark, New Jersey (c. 1940s?). Mark is on the base of a small amber medicine bottle with black dropper lid and original label which is lettered in part “White’s Cod Liver Oil”.
    • Wm. Frank & Sons…………William Frank & Sons, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1866-1876). See “W.F.& Sons” mark.
    • W.McC.& CO……….William McCully and Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1841-c.1909)
    • WM.McC.& CO………Same as above.
    • Woodbury……………brand name seen on the base of many cold cream containers. This indicates Woodbury Soap Company, begun in 1870, originally from Albany, New York, and later based in Cincinnati, Ohio, manufacturer of a variety of personal care / cosmetics products.  Most of the typical white milkglass cold cream jars with the WOODBURY  marking on the base seem to date from the 1920s-1950s era, but I don’t know exactly when they were first made, or how late they were produced.  I have also seen “WOODBURY” embossed on a “beach glass” bottle base accompanied by the makers mark “BALL” in cursive lettering (standing for Ball Bros Glass Company). Many of the milkglass jars were made by Hazel-Atlas Glass Company, as their “H over a smaller A” is seen on some of them. There were probably other glass companies involved in their production over the years.  This “Woodbury” has nothing to do with the older Woodbury Glass Works, Woodbury, NJ, that made glass fruit jars in the late 1800s.
    • Woolfall – Manchester………… John Woolfall, Glass Manufacturers, Manchester, England (Manchester Glass Bottle Works) c.1833-c.1861. Base markings seen on several heavy, crude black glass ale/stout/wine bottles made in Great Britain. Seen are “WOOLFALL / MANCHESTER” ; “WOOLFALL / MANC’R”; and “(arc) WOOLFALL (straight line) MANCHESTER (arc)PERCIVAL”.  There may be other unrecorded variations.  Factory name was “Manchester Glass Bottle Works”, but the exact business / firm name changed several times, including “John Woolfall, Glass Manufacturer” (c.1836-c.1838), “Jackson, Woolfall & Percival, Glass Manufacturers” (c.1838-c. 1850), and “John Woolfall & Company (c. 1850-c.1861).  Information gleaned from posts on (email from genealogy researcher Richard J. Woolfall, Essex, England),  newspaper archives on Genes Reunited website, and bottle base photos posted on ebay. Some additional info from genealogy page:
    • Wooster…………….Wooster Glass Company, Wooster, Ohio (c.1900-1904). This plant became part of the Ohio Bottle Company in 1904.
    • W.P.G.Co……………Unknown. Seen on the base of a picnic (“pumpkinseed”) whiskey flask, probably made during the 1885-1915 period. Also appears on the base of a Massachusetts milk bottle, possibly circa 1905-1915.

      W&T mark on the base of druggist bottle from Rome, NY. (Pic courtesy Al Parker)

      W&T mark on the base of druggist bottle from Rome, NY. (Photo courtesy Al Parker)

    • W & T………….. unidentified. Seen on the base of clear, handmade druggist bottle made for “DRS. REID AND STRANAHAN” of Rome, NY.

      Whitall Tatum Company logo: W over T inside inverted triangle

      Whitall Tatum Company logo: W above T, placed inside inverted triangle

    • W above a T, within an inverted triangle………………Whitall Tatum Company, Millville, New Jersey (this particular mark used approximately 1924-1938, perhaps as late as 1949 in some instances(?) This mark is seen on the base of many types of utilitarian bottles and jars as well as on glass electrical insulators.  For more information, please see my Whitall Tatum Company webpage. 
    • W.T.CO……………..Whitall Tatum Company, Millville, New Jersey (mark used c.1901-1938). See below.
    • W.T.& CO……………..Whitall Tatum & Company, Millville, New Jersey (mark used c. 1857-1901). Maker of a huge variety of glass containers, especially druggist, pharmaceutical and cosmetic bottles. Known among fruit jar collectors for their “Millville Atmospheric” jar. See more on Whitall Tatum here .
    • W. T. Rawleigh’s / Freeport, Illinois ……….for more information, please click here.
    • W. Ward (and date, such as 1994)……………etched marking seen on the base of hand-made glass bird paperweights. Made by Titan Art Glass, Fayetteville, Arkansas.  Also see entries for “Leo Ward” and “Ron Ray”.
    • X (two crossed lines, can be interpreted as an X, a cross, or a PLUS (+) sign)…………………….As a solitary mark, often embossed in rather large bold strokes, seen on the base of many older hand blown bottles, primarily from the 1850s-1900 period, I believe this is an example of a mold identifying mark. It probably served the purpose to identify a particular mold being used in the plant (especially when a number of virtually identical molds were being used simultaneously), and/or in many cases it may be equivalent to a “shop number” or “shop letter”, identifying the output of  a specific “shop”  (group of glassworkers within the factory) assigned to produce a certain item.  In such cases the worker was paid according to the output of a particular shop.  There are many other marks known, such as geometric shapes (triangle, heart, square, star, tic tac toe mark, spade, diamond, clover, Maltese cross, etc,) seen especially on the base of 1870s-1890s era fruit jars, that may have served a similar purpose: equivalent to a mold number or a shop number.
    • YY. B. Caldwell’s ……………..please see “Dr. W. B. Caldwell’s” webpage, here.

      FF mark used by Foster-Forbes Glass Company (photo courtesy Krisse Hale)

      Stylized “FF” logo used by Foster-Forbes Glass Company (photo courtesy Krisse Hale)

    • Z (stylized FF, vaguely similar to a backwards Z with horizontal line through the center)……………………..Foster-Forbes Glass Company, Marion, Indiana (1929-c.2000). (Also, see “FF” entry). This mark is actually a logo composed of 2 capital “F”s connected back to back, the first one upside down, but at a casual glance it somewhat resembles a backward Z with a slash through the center. Mark evidently dates from the 1930s/1940s period; exact time of use is uncertain. If you have more information on this mark, please contact me.
    • Zanesville City Glass Works…………………………  Zanesville City Glass Works, Zanesville, Ohio (c.1860s-early 1870s?).

              [ A – B ]         [ C – D ]          [ E – L ]          [ M – R ]         [ S – Z ]


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63 Responses to Glass Bottle Marks – 5

  1. Lance McHarg says:

    I have a glass egg weighing about 15-20 lbs. I was told it was blown by a famous company in Italy. It sits on a base with VR marked with a fancy shape. The base is black, the marking is gold. I can send a picture if you give me an idea where to send it via email or text. Thank you in advance for any information you can give.

  2. John Wilder says:

    Thanks for this info here on this site.found my old w t company pharmacy bottle from Shawnee Ohio.thanks

  3. Daci says:

    Hi, I found a glass bottle with the numbers 545 on one side and a 9 on the other. It’s a clear glass and has a few bubbles throughout it as well. Trying to identify it. Thank you

  4. Don Tice says:

    I have matching dark cobalt blue cruet bottles. One has a clear half moon top and the other has a clear full sun crest as the topper. We are trying to determine the maker and value of this matching set. The logo on the bottom of each bottle appears to be one large outer circle with a C in the middle and with what appears to be either a T or a cross in the middle of the C.One bottle has the number 1 on the bottom. The other has the number 2 on the bottom by the logo. Each bottle is 7″ tall, 2″ at the base and opening at top is 1 1/4″.

    Thank you for being here!! I am Don and my email is

    Thank you for any help.

  5. Rebecca says:

    This was very helpful. Thank you. I have a small round amber medicine bottle. The only marking on the base is the numbers 1845. Is this the date? And what type of medicine went in it?

    • David says:

      Hi Rebecca,
      This series of bottles with the number “1845” on the bottom has generated some confusion by collectors. The “1845” is an inventory or style number assigned to a series of bottles (usually in amber glass) that are (what I would call) “generic” cylindrically shaped chemical and medicine bottles. The number is definitely not a year date. They have been found in many sizes from small to quite large. Most of them probably were used for liquid chemicals and cleaning products, and some of them were used for medicines of various types. I think most of these bottles were made by Owens-Illinois Glass Company. I do not know exactly when they were made, but most of them appear to be typical products of the 1930s-1950s time frame. Just for fun you might try doing a search on google or ebay with the keywords “1845” “amber” and “bottle”. This should bring up several results. Hope this helps,

  6. Luann Hayes says:

    I have a bottle that has a cow on one side and the words absolutely pure milk on the other. And on the bottom it has the letters VE A 7 made in Italy and it is corked. Would this be worth anything?

    • David says:

      Hi Luann,
      This is one of several types of repro or “fantasy” milk bottles on the market. That particular type was made by Vetreria Etrusca, a glass company located in Italy. They were usually sold empty, in gift shops or other retail outlets, as a decorative item or conversation piece. I think most of them were made in the 1960s-1970s, although some may date later than that, perhaps even up to the present day(?). They show up frequently at flea markets. Judging from the numbers of these bottles listed on ebay, they are extremely common and have only minor monetary value to collectors, perhaps one to 4 dollars. However, they are often listed on ebay and other sites at much, much higher asking prices, usually with no bids. They have been found in a range of colors.
      Hope this helps,

  7. Lisa O'D says:

    Hello! I have some stemmed, crystal glasses with a “Z” in a square. Any idea what these are?

  8. Brennan says:

    I found an amber machine-made beer bottle with a crown finish at an archaeological site in Oregon. The base is embossed with a raised “X” and on the side, at the bottom, in raised letters is “WF&S43”. I’m assuming this is William Franzen & Son but I couldn’t find any additional information.

    • David says:

      Hi Brennan,
      Yes, the W F & S marking indicates William Franzen & Son of Milwaukee. They were a prolific maker of beer bottles. The “43” is a mold or shop number. There are many numbers found on the base of W F & S bottles. The number probably indicates either the mold itself, or the “shop” of glassworkers. I vote for it being a mold number.
      There are lots of other beer bottles with the same general type of configuration with a one or two-digit number placed somewhere, usually in the center or lower center of the base.
      These include beer bottles marked “A D & H C”, “D O C”, “D. S. G. Co.”, F.H.G.W.” (see my webpage on that mark), “I G CO”, “L G CO”, “M G CO”, “R & CO”, “M.G.W.”, “S B G CO”, WIS GLASS CO”, and others. A hand-drawn pictorial graphic showing some of these bottle bases with various mold numbers is in the reference book “Bottles on the Western Frontier” by Rex L. Wilson, published in 1981.
      Hope this helps,

  9. William Lape says:

    The triple triangular logo of American National Can was used around 1986 after Triangle Industries purchased American Can and merged them with National Can. When Pechiney bought them in 1988, they transitioned to the double swirl logo that you also list. This logo was used until 1996 when Ball and Saint Gobain purchased the ANC glass division and merged them with Ball’s container glass division, creating Ball Foster.

    • William Lape says:

      Sorry, Ball and Saint Gobain created their joint venture in 1995 and in 1996, Saint Gobain bought out Ball and transitioned the name/logo to Verallia.

    • William Lape says:

      Saint Gobain sold the North American glass plants to Ardagh in 2014 after Ardagh had acquired and then divested part of Anchor Glass Container.

      • David says:

        Hi William,
        Thanks for your posts. I have some of the info on Verallia>Ardagh scattered through this site, but it is hard to keep up with all the corporate changes that are continually going on! I have updated several pages including my page on the Ball Bros Glass Manufacturing Company, the SG mark used by Saint Gobain, and several other entries in the alphabetical mark listings. I’ve also updated the entries on the two logos used by American National Can Company.
        Best regards, David

  10. Jeanne Huebner says:

    Hello! My daughter was walking in the forest in New York State and found a ordinary shaped green glass bottle no lable but imprinted in the glass is. 12 with the word HORSE under it just at the neck line of the bottle. We have looked every where, but no luck in finding it on the internet. Thought maybe you could tell us the maker is. Thanks so much ! Jeanne Huebner

  11. Becky says:

    I found a small glass bottle with VICKS and a triangle on each side and on bottom 2(and what appears to be an eye shape)3 and below 20. Just curious if that may be the year? Everything I look up talks about cobalt blue but nothing on clear VICKS glass bottles.

    • David says:

      Becky, yes it seems there were several other types of bottles marketed by the Richardson-Vicks company (and I don’t know much about them) however from your description of the markings, your bottle was manufactured for Vicks by Owens-Illinois Glass Company, since their first trademark, seen on millions of bottles of all types, is often described as an “eye” or a “planet Saturn” shape. (See my webpage on Owens-Illinois). The number on the left of the trademark is typically the plant location code, and the number on the right is the date code. The number underneath the logo is usually the mold number.

  12. Found one today, small glass bottle marked with John Diamond Philadelphia, PA USA in center a circle with a line intersecting through one part of it. Can’t find anything on that one, any ideas?

    • Vince says:

      Hi folks. I am new to this forum. I found an old ranch dump from the 50’s, and I’ve found some interesting items. I found 3 blue bottles, about 6.5″ high, which I had thought I accurately identified as Bromo Seltzer bottles – 13 oz. However, they are not embossed with the Bromo Seltzer name – so I started thinking I had it wrong. The are marked with the Circle M on the bottom, which I associated with the Maryland Glass co. Now – here’s the thing that’s hanging me up – on the cap, extremely faintly – I can see Sharpe & Dohme on there. Looking up Sharpe & Dohme though, I can’t see the bottles I have found. If anyone might be able to shed some light on this I would be interested.

      • David says:

        Hello Vince,
        Thanks for your post. I think it might help if I make it clear that Maryland Glass Corporation (who used the “M in a circle”mark) made cobalt blue glass bottles of many sizes and shapes for MANY, MANY different companies over a very long period of time. Sharp & Dohme was a pharmaceutical company that sold gobs of different types of medicines and therefore they had lots of different types/sizes/shapes/colors of bottles made for them, by various glass bottle companies. Some of those bottles bear the initials S&D on the base. Others may have only had a paper label with the S&D name, but with the glassmaker mark on the bottom, or with no mark at all in the glass itself.
        I am sure there are a lot of different bottles out there that were made for Sharp & Dohme that may just happen to look very similar to others that were sold containing products from other, unrelated companies, such as Bromo Seltzer. I hope this makes some kind of sense!
        Take care,

  13. Hi, just wanting to share some pictures of an old WF&S MIL bottle I found today in a rubble pile. See them here:

  14. chip says:

    trying to identify an old milk bottle with a cross on the bottom. It is square so it fits in a crate with a wide mouth, no screw top.

  15. iola wingate says:

    Trying to identify a mark on glass candlesticks witch is the letter R with a crown above it. Thanks for any direction or comments.

  16. Phyllis Wise says:

    Looking for teardrop markings on the bottom of a dark purple vase.

  17. Anita Ellis says:

    This is a great site. Thank you! I found what I was inquiring about, which was W _ & S MIL. But, I found a couple of days ago and clear bottle bottom with just 41 on it. Do you know what that is for?

    • David says:

      Hi Anita,
      They are mold or shop numbers. There are tremendous numbers of bottles of all types that carry only numbers on the base. In the majority of cases, the numbers identify the mold a bottle was made from, but there are other purposes as well. Please check out my webpage about numbers on the base of bottles.
      Take care, David

  18. Glen Carlson says:

    In the section for V over M in a triangle, it refers the reader to “M over V in a circle”. I checked in the M section but I cannot seem to find an entry dealing with that. I found a small bottle with this mark on the base. Can you help?

    • David says:

      Glen, it’s the very last “M” entry. I alphabetized that as if the lettering was “M V”. Sorry, my information on that mark is sketchy and currently incomplete!

  19. Tina Brown says:

    thank you, we found a brown coca cola bottle today with Indianapolis Indiana markings

  20. Tina Brown says:

    While fixing the foundation on our very old house I found what looks like a 2noz brown bottle with a capital W then a triangle W over T and a #27 off to the left side Any clue what year made? medicine bottle I’m guessing

    • David says:

      Tina, sometime between 1924 and 1938. See my page on Whitall Tatum Company. The “27” is almost certainly a mold number and gives us no info on age.

  21. Nicole says:

    I have 2 Bottling Works glass bottles one clear and one green. I can’t find much information on these because the neck of the bottle is shrunk or maybe just considered it has no neck to the bottle? Someone please help!!

  22. KathyJB says:

    Do you know of anyone who has plant list of bottles/jars with the mold numbers of the Three Rivers Glass Company? I’m looking for a fellow collector. Thanks

    • David says:

      Kathy, no, but perhaps someone who lands on this site will have more information for you. (Although I don’t know that such information was saved or could even be available anywhere). Thanks for posting~

  23. Tony says:

    Found a green bottle with a marks _ x in center looks like cross keys
    x x : 28

  24. Gregory says:

    I found and bottle with embossed s & d and number 112. I noticed your description and was pleased to find history. Now what do I do with it?

  25. Dee says:

    Hi David… ended up here doing a search on an old, oversized jar I have marked C.B.M. 656 on the base that was dug straight out of the ashes of the 1930 Crown Hill Fire that almost wiped out Nashua NH. Found your info on that very interesting. I then moved to your information on stars, as I was hoping you’d have some info on a bottle I have with a unique mark. You can see pictures of it at (as I can’t load them here). Some one there thought it may be the City Bottling Works in Louisiana. Ever seen anything like it? Thanks!

    • David says:

      Hi Dee,
      I checked your pictures of the bottle on the site, and I will answer your query on that site also. However, please allow me to note that the star on the base of the bottle, as far as I know, cannot be proven to be related in any way to any particular glassworks. The bottle is a ‘generic’ beer bottle of East Coast origin, the general type was made in many slight variations and the wording “This Bottle Not to be Sold” was a VERY, VERY common “generic” phrase which appeared on hundreds, if not thousands, of different beer and soda bottle variants produced over a long time. Many of the bottles also carried a particular local brand/company/brewer/bottler name. Since yours has only the phrase on the side, it is very difficult to know where the bottle was made or used. That “tic tac toe” type of “star” (as if hand-sketched, in 5 intersecting straight lines) along with the crescent mark, on the base of your bottle is a mark I have never seen, and I think it COULD stand for either an unidentified glassworks, OR it could merely have been a mold identifier (taking the place of a mold number or letter)…….that is, identifying a particular beer bottle mold in use at the factory, where perhaps a number of identical, or very similar bottle molds, were in use.
      The “Star” motif has been used in a multitude of ways over many years, being just a decorative device on some bottles, or actually standing for a company. For instance some “WARRANTED FLASK” bottles are believed to have been made by a Star Glass Works of Medford, New Jersey. I have seen those bottles show up every so often on ebay. The Star on the face of those flasks are not at all the same style of star as on the bottom of your beer bottle.
      Also… I can assure you that your bottle has NOTHING to do with the City Bottling Works of Louisiana, that info was suggested because there is a lettered bottle posted on a website with that bottling company marking AND with a star on the base (a completely different star, similar to the one used by Star Glass Works of New Albany, Indiana), but the date range of the City Bottling Works eliminates it being from Star from New Albany. (Is this confusing enough yet? 🙂

  26. Michael R says:

    Hi Digger – I found an old bottle at a dumpsite – with a mark at the bottom that says SUTAX TRADEMARK (all within a large diamond. I cannot find anything on this… any thoughts ?

    • David says:

      Hi Michael, I’m sorry, but I’m not familiar with that trademark. I am wondering if that is the exact, correct spelling. Are you absolutely sure of the letters? One letter “off” and it can be impossible (or difficult) to find any info on the web. Also, I believe you have me confused with John “Digger” Odell, who, sadly, passed away in October of 2011. He wrote many books about bottles and bottle values, and hosted a website which still seems to be active ( although I’m not sure who is currently taking care of it or continuing to sell his reference books.
      Best regards, David Whitten

      • cledsshed says:

        I have a clear glass bottle – 3 sided up to the shoulders, and then circular for an inch. On the bottom is a raised diamond. In it ‘944’, and below the number ‘SUTAX’ – there is no doubting the spelling! Thick heavy glass.

        • David says:

          Hello “cledsshed”, and thank you for your post. The “944 inside a diamond” sounds like a product of Illinois Glass Company. But I still have no info on the brand name “Sutax”.
          Take care, David

  27. ricky byl says:

    wow , well done , I have been doing a list of john kilner marks and dates , from 1842 to 1937 , from sons to brothers , ltd to co , from wakefield to conisbrough, finding john kilner sons name john kilner then his sons name john kilner , a lot to do and work out ,

    • David says:

      Ricky, thanks for your post. What references are you using to establish the list of dates, names and markings? Early business directories? Just curious.
      Take care, David

  28. ruth says:

    I have a small brown bottle with the bottom marked U.D.CO. R.02 I didn’t find these on your site. Its a great site. thanks ruth

  29. Randy Hall says:

    I have a very old and crude ,black glass Case Gin with a square with an x in it on the bottom can you tell me the maker and aeg by this mark?

  30. Jessica says:

    Wondering about a marking on a cut clear glass water pitcher. It is not listed on your site that I saw. The marking is PAT. FEB. 25 1896 W. S. CO
    Any information that you could give me on this would be greatly appreciated.

  31. Lloyd McWilliams says:

    The double lined T was not used by Thatcher Manufacturing Corp. I have spoken to employees that were here when this Anchor plant (Elmira) was a Thatcher plant and where the headquarters was located. Those I spoke to have never seen that symbol used here.

    • David says:

      Lloyd, I would love to identify the true source of this mark. It appears on the bottom of a medium emerald green flat liquor flask (for perhaps gin, vermouth, or a flavored liqueur of some sort??) with what appears to be a date code for 1985. I assumed it is of American make, but now I am not so sure. Thanks for any info you can provide, and also any readers who can identify the “Double lined T” mark illustrated on my Thatcher Glass Company page, please contact me!

  32. Shantel Bromley says:

    Ok thank u:)

  33. Shantel Bromley says:

    I have a Vick’s VapoRob bottle I’ve found today and it has the big triangle with the smaller triangle on the bottom.. at the bottom of the triangles there’s the number 27..would that mean that its from 1927?

    • David says:

      Hi Shantel,
      No, that would be a mold number. It doesn’t identify the year made. On the Vicks Vaporub jars it’s not possible to pin down a particular jar to any certain year.

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